This is where the Burning Brigade was housed. The apparatus in the middle is not the original, but ones like it were used as ramps so that the bodies could be stacked high and set alight. All the pits at Ponar were originally dug by the Russians to store fuel.
Ezra Wolfinger for Nova
A woman walks Wednesday past a monument to the Jews in Lisbon believed to have been killed in a pogrom in 1506. Portugal is following Spain and granting citizenship rights to the descendants of Jews it persecuted 500 years ago.
Chabad rabbinical students Zalman Refson (right) and Yaakov Kaplan sit alongside a Jewish resident of Taylor, Ariz. As roving rabbis, the duo recently went to about 40 tiny towns and cities across Arizona, meeting rural Jews along the way.
The medieval town of Pitigliano is perched atop a massive volcanic rock, looking out over vineyards and olive groves. It was once home to a vibrant Jewish community, treated with civility or cruelty depending on who was in charge of the city; now, the town works to preserve and share the cultural history of Italian Jews.
U.S. Army Spc. Simran Lamba (center) was granted a religious accommodation for his Sikh articles of faith, including uncut hair and a turban, in 2010. He was the first enlisted soldier to be given such an accommodation since 1984.
Mois Yussuroum, a 94-year-old retired dentist, fought the Nazis as part of the Greek resistance during World War II. "Of the 650 Greek Jews who fought in the resistance, I'm the only one still alive," he says.