French soldiers guard access to a Jewish school in Marseille a day after a teenager wielding a butcher knife wounded a teacher. Boris Horvat/AFP/Getty Images hide caption

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A still from Haret al Yahood. Haret al Yahood hide caption

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Rabbi Michel Serfaty and his French Jewish Muslim Friendship Association works with many young people in poor neighborhoods. Pierre Andrieu/AFP/Getty Images hide caption

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A woman walks Wednesday past a monument to the Jews in Lisbon believed to have been killed in a pogrom in 1506. Portugal is following Spain and granting citizenship rights to the descendants of Jews it persecuted 500 years ago. Francisco Seco/AP hide caption

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French soldiers stand guard in front of the entrance of a synagogue in Lille, northern France, earlier this month. Philippe Huguen/AFP/Getty Images hide caption

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Toledo, Castilla-La Mancha, Spain. Oliver Strewe/Getty Images/Lonely Planet Image hide caption

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Chabad rabbinical students Zalman Refson (right) and Yaakov Kaplan sit alongside a Jewish resident of Taylor, Ariz. As roving rabbis, the duo recently went to about 40 tiny towns and cities across Arizona, meeting rural Jews along the way. Stina Sieg/KJZZ hide caption

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The medieval town of Pitigliano is perched atop a massive volcanic rock, looking out over vineyards and olive groves. It was once home to a vibrant Jewish community, treated with civility or cruelty depending on who was in charge of the city; now, the town works to preserve and share the cultural history of Italian Jews. Michela Simoncini/Flickr hide caption

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U.S. Army Spc. Simran Lamba (center) was granted a religious accommodation for his Sikh articles of faith, including uncut hair and a turban, in 2010. He was the first enlisted soldier to be given such an accommodation since 1984. Brett Flashnick/AP hide caption

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