The Dzungar army surrenders to Manchu officers of the Qing Dynasty in 1759 in the Ili Valley, now part of China's Xinjiang region, in this painting made several years later by Chinese and Jesuit missionary artists. Wikimedia Commons hide caption

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Members of Exile Tibetan Women Association protest to demand the immediate release of Gedhun Choekyi Nyima, the 11th Panchen Lama, during a gathering to mark the 20th anniversary of his disappearance, in New Delhi, India, on Sunday. Tsering Topgyal/AP hide caption

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The Dalai Lama, flanked at left by Rome's Mayor Ignazio Marino, arrives at the opening of the World Summit of Nobel Peace Laureates in Rome on Friday. Alessandra Tarantino/AP hide caption

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Zhaxi Cairang (right), a 59-year-old Tibetan nomad, moved to a city in western China 15 years ago as part of a government effort to settle nomads. But Zhaxi says he plans to return to herding yaks next year. His son Cicheng Randing was raised in the city, but his father wants to expose him to traditional nomadic life as well. Anthony Kuhn/NPR hide caption

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The 14th Dalai Lama speaks in New Zealand on December 5, 2009. The religious leader is now 79, and says he can imagine being the last Dalai Lama: "Twenty-six hundred years of Buddhist tradition cannot be maintained by one person," he tells Jörg Eigendorf. Hannah Peters/Getty Images hide caption

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A mother and daughter herd their yaks along a highway on the Tibetan plateau. Frederic J. Brown/AFP/Getty Images hide caption

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A close look at a photo of the Nagqu horse festival in northern Tibet at the National Museum of China in Beijing reveals a gaggle of surprising "spectators" at the traditional Tibetan event: Chinese paramilitary police (see enlargement). Louisa Lim /NPR hide caption

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Tibetan spiritual leader the Dalai Lama. Diptendu Dutta /AFP/Getty Images hide caption

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A Tibetan Buddhist monk holds up a candle with other Tibetan exiles during a candlelight vigil for Tibetan Janphel Yeshi, who set himself on fire earlier in New Delhi. Strdel/AFP/Getty Images hide caption

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