On the outskirts of Islamabad, a Pakistani health worker vaccinates an Afghan refugee against polio. Muhammed Muheisen/AP hide caption

toggle caption Muhammed Muheisen/AP

The Comeback Of Polio Is A Public Health Emergency

  • Download
  • <iframe src="https://www.npr.org/player/embed/309868063/309876367" width="100%" height="290" frameborder="0" scrolling="no" title="NPR embedded audio player">
  • Transcript

By ensuring vaccines are invented and distributed, Bill Gates says, his foundation is dramatically reducing the number of childhood deaths in poor countries. Marie McGrory/NPR hide caption

toggle caption Marie McGrory/NPR

Why Bill Gates Fights Diseases Abroad, Not At Home

  • Download
  • <iframe src="https://www.npr.org/player/embed/306222035/306390399" width="100%" height="290" frameborder="0" scrolling="no" title="NPR embedded audio player">
  • Transcript

A child receives a polio vaccine Sunday in Kano, Nigeria. The country is the primary source of the virus in Africa but appears to be making progress against the disease; the current outbreak in Cameroon that has spread to Equatorial Guinea came by way of Chad, not Nigeria. Sunday Alamba/AP hide caption

toggle caption Sunday Alamba/AP

Polio Hits Equatorial Guinea, Threatens Central Africa

  • Download
  • <iframe src="https://www.npr.org/player/embed/303403242/304041940" width="100%" height="290" frameborder="0" scrolling="no" title="NPR embedded audio player">
  • Transcript

A boy waits to get vaccinated at an anti-polio campaign in Moradabad, India. Michaeleen Doucleff/NPR hide caption

toggle caption Michaeleen Doucleff/NPR

After Ending Polio, India Turns To Stop Another Childhood Killer

  • Download
  • <iframe src="https://www.npr.org/player/embed/262730420/296673097" width="100%" height="290" frameborder="0" scrolling="no" title="NPR embedded audio player">
  • Transcript

Eight-year-old Manish, who caught polio years ago, learns to walk with leg braces at a rehabilitation center in New Delhi on Thursday. Manish Swarup/AP hide caption

toggle caption Manish Swarup/AP

Southeast Asia Free Of Polio As India Declares Health Victory

  • Download
  • <iframe src="https://www.npr.org/player/embed/295255376/295332812" width="100%" height="290" frameborder="0" scrolling="no" title="NPR embedded audio player">
  • Transcript

Sophia Jarvis, 4, of Berkeley, Calif., is one of the few children diagnosed with the polio-like disease, which left her arm paralyzed. She attended a press conference Monday at Stanford University with her dad, Jeff. Martha Mendoza/AP hide caption

toggle caption Martha Mendoza/AP

Young boys suspected of having Guinea worm infections wait for the parasite to emerge through the skin at a clinic in South Sudan. Louise Gubb/The Carter Center hide caption

toggle caption Louise Gubb/The Carter Center

A polio worker vaccinates a child in Khyber-Pakhtunkhwa province, Pakistan, in October. Arshad Arbab/EPA/Landov hide caption

toggle caption Arshad Arbab/EPA/Landov

They Shot For Zero, But Couldn't Squash Polio In 2013

  • Download
  • <iframe src="https://www.npr.org/player/embed/251109427/251284704" width="100%" height="290" frameborder="0" scrolling="no" title="NPR embedded audio player">
  • Transcript

Syrian boys line up to get the polio vaccine at a refugee camp in Sidon, Lebanon, on Nov. 7. The Lebanese government plans to vaccinate all kids under age 5 for the virus, including Syrian refugees. Mohammad Zaatari/AP hide caption

toggle caption Mohammad Zaatari/AP

As Polio Spreads In Syria, Politics Thwarts Vaccination Efforts

  • Download
  • <iframe src="https://www.npr.org/player/embed/248203614/248253476" width="100%" height="290" frameborder="0" scrolling="no" title="NPR embedded audio player">
  • Transcript

A doctor vaccinates a child against polio at a health clinic in Damascus, Syria, on Nov. 6. To stop the disease from spreading beyond Syria, health officials plan to vaccinate 20 million children in the region. Youssef Badawi/EPA /LANDOV hide caption

toggle caption Youssef Badawi/EPA /LANDOV

The Ethiopian government has set up about a dozen vaccination booths along its thousand-mile border with Somalia. Jason Beaubien/NPR hide caption

toggle caption Jason Beaubien/NPR

Violence, Chaos Let Polio Creep Back Into Syria And Horn Of Africa

  • Download
  • <iframe src="https://www.npr.org/player/embed/240229425/241782591" width="100%" height="290" frameborder="0" scrolling="no" title="NPR embedded audio player">
  • Transcript

A young girl stands in the doorway of a home in Uttar Pradesh, India. The markings on the door show that a polio immunization team vaccinated children in the home. Alyce Henson/Courtesy of Rotary International hide caption

toggle caption Alyce Henson/Courtesy of Rotary International

Syrian opposition fighters sit on the front line in the city of Deir Ezzor on Oct. 13. Ongoing violence has ravaged the city since March 2011. AFP/Getty Images hide caption

toggle caption AFP/Getty Images

First Polio Cases Since 1999 Suspected In Syria

  • Download
  • <iframe src="https://www.npr.org/player/embed/238693328/239269431" width="100%" height="290" frameborder="0" scrolling="no" title="NPR embedded audio player">
  • Transcript

Avez, 2, is held by his mother, as he receives the polio vaccine in the Khyber Tribal Region in northwest Pakistan. Daniel Berehulak/Getty Images hide caption

toggle caption Daniel Berehulak/Getty Images