Yes, you could do this at home. Growing bacteria you find in a pile of dirt or a local pond might reveal the next big antibiotic. Charlotte Raymond/Science Source hide caption

itoggle caption Charlotte Raymond/Science Source

Young broilers nibble feed at a chicken farm in Luling, Texas. The Food and Drug Administration has issued new guidance on how drug companies label antibiotics for livestock. Bob Nichols/USDA/Flickr hide caption

itoggle caption Bob Nichols/USDA/Flickr

Turkeys sit in a barn in Sonoma, Calif. An estimated 46 million turkeys are cooked and eaten during Thanksgiving meals in the U.S. Justin Sullivan/Getty Images hide caption

itoggle caption Justin Sullivan/Getty Images

In recent years, pork producers have found ways to keep the animals healthy through improved hygiene. M. Spencer Green/AP hide caption

itoggle caption M. Spencer Green/AP

Unless it's strep throat, antibiotics are unlikely to help you get over a sore throat. iStockphoto.com hide caption

itoggle caption iStockphoto.com

Streptococcus pyogenes shouldn't be taken lightly. Left untreated, an infection with germ can trigger an autoimmune disease that damages the heart. NIAID/Flickr.com hide caption

itoggle caption NIAID/Flickr.com

Organic apples hang from trees in an orchard in Forest Range, Adelaide Hills, South Australia. donkeycart/via Flickr hide caption

itoggle caption donkeycart/via Flickr

Klebsiella pneumoniae, seen here with an electron microscope, are the most common superbugs causing highly drug-resistant infections in hospitals. Kwangshin Kim/Science Source hide caption

itoggle caption Kwangshin Kim/Science Source

Giancario Gemignani-Hernandez, 2, of Pittsburgh has his ear examined by Dr. Alejandro Hoberman. Gene J. Puskar/AP hide caption

itoggle caption Gene J. Puskar/AP

Clostridium difficile bacteria produce a toxin that damages the intestine and causes severe diarrhea. Courtesy of David Goudling/Nature Genetics. hide caption

itoggle caption Courtesy of David Goudling/Nature Genetics.

Childhood obesity is on the rise in many countries and overuse of antibiotics is now on the radar as a possible factor in the epidemic. Here 18-month-old twins are weighed in a nutritionist's office in Colombia. Raul Arboleda/AFP/Getty Images hide caption

itoggle caption Raul Arboleda/AFP/Getty Images

The FDA's latest effort to end the use of antibiotics as growth promoters in animals is getting mixed reviews from activists. Rob Carr/AP hide caption

itoggle caption Rob Carr/AP