The battleships USS West Virginia and USS Tennessee burn in Pearl Harbor after the Japanese air attack on Dec. 7, 1941. National Archives hide caption

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Civil rights leaders Rev. Martin Luther King Jr., left, Rev. Fred Shuttlesworth, center, and Rev. Ralph Abernathy hold a news conference in Birmingham, Ala., in this May 8, 1963 file photo. Shuttlesworth, who was hailed by the Rev. Martin Luther King Jr. for his courage and energy, died Wednesday, Oct. 5.

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