Amy Landecker and Jeffrey Tambor are two of the stars of Transparent, in which Tambor's character comes out as transgender to her three adult children. Beth Dubber/Amazon Studios hide caption

itoggle caption Beth Dubber/Amazon Studios

Abhina Aher was born a boy biologically and is now a hijra, a member of an ancient transgender community in India. Of her painful physical and psychological transformation, Aher remembers now: "I just wanted to become a beautiful butterfly." Julie McCarthy/NPR hide caption

itoggle caption Julie McCarthy/NPR

Army Pfc. Bradley Manning, who now asks to be referred to as Chelsea, dressed as a woman in this 2010 photograph. U.S. Army handout/Reuters/Landov hide caption

itoggle caption U.S. Army handout/Reuters/Landov