rabies rabies
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Why It Might Not Be A Good Idea To Wipe Out Vampire Bats

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A silver-haired bat, the type that transmitted rabies to a woman in Wyoming after apparently biting her while she slept. Lyn Alweis/Denver Post via Getty Images hide caption

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Lyn Alweis/Denver Post via Getty Images

Boys show off their four-legged friends at a rabies vaccination drive set up by the Serengeti Health Initiative in the Bariadi District of Tanzania. Anna Czupryna/Courtesy of Serengeti Health Initiative hide caption

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Anna Czupryna/Courtesy of Serengeti Health Initiative

Do you know what the deadliest disease is? Hint: It's not Ebola (viral particles seen here in a digitally colorized microscopic image, at top right, along with similar depictions of other contagious diseases) NPR Composite/CDC hide caption

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NPR Composite/CDC

Vampire bats are common in Central and South America, where they feed on livestock and sometimes people. Michael & Patricia Fogden/Corbis hide caption

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Michael & Patricia Fogden/Corbis