Children under age 2 can reason abstractly, researchers say. Jandrie Lombard/iStock hide caption

itoggle caption Jandrie Lombard/iStock

President Obama has pledged millions of dollars to fuel research into understanding the workings of the human brain. Zephyr/Science Source hide caption

itoggle caption Zephyr/Science Source

A brain that can let other thoughts bubble up despite being in pain might help its owner benefit from meditation or other cognitive therapies. iStockphoto.com hide caption

itoggle caption iStockphoto.com
Illustration by Daniel Horowitz for NPR

Cellist Matt Haimovitz made it big in the classical music scene as a little kid. Stephanie Mackinnon hide caption

itoggle caption Stephanie Mackinnon

When it comes to nature versus nurture, brain scientists think both matter. Daniel Horowitz for NPR hide caption

itoggle caption Daniel Horowitz for NPR

A sixth sense? A small patch of neurons on either side of the brain recognizes how many dots are on a screen. As more dots appear, active neurons shift to the right. Courtesy of Ben Harvey/Utretch University hide caption

itoggle caption Courtesy of Ben Harvey/Utretch University

Language may have evolved in concert with tool making. Sergey Lavrentev/iStockphoto.com hide caption

itoggle caption Sergey Lavrentev/iStockphoto.com

Acting as a "sender," brain researcher Rajesh Rao watches a video game and waits for the time to hit the "fire" button. But he'll only think about doing that — the impulse was carried out by someone in another building, in a recent test of brain-to-brain communication. University of Washington hide caption

itoggle caption University of Washington

Could the images common in accounts of near-death experiences be explained by a rush of electrical activity in the brain? Odina/iStockphoto.com hide caption

itoggle caption Odina/iStockphoto.com

Instructional assistant Jessica Reeder touches her nose to get Jacob Day, 3, who has autism, to focus his attention on her during a therapy session in April 2007. Rich Pedroncelli/AP hide caption

itoggle caption Rich Pedroncelli/AP