Salma Shabaik holds her newborn son, Ali. When he was born, she held him naked against her bare skin, a practice called kangaroo care. Ali is wearing an ear cap to correct a lop ear. Morgan Walker for NPR hide caption

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Morgan Walker for NPR

Kangaroo Care Helps Preemies And Full Term Babies, Too

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Researchers have used MRI scanners to learn that preemies are born with weak connections in some critical brain networks. iStockphoto hide caption

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Weak Brain Connections May Link Premature Birth And Later Disorders

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Researcher John Clements in the early 1980s, after he figured out that lungs need surfactants to breathe. David Powers/Courtesy of UCSF hide caption

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David Powers/Courtesy of UCSF

How A Scientist's Slick Discovery Helped Save Preemies' Lives

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A baby born too soon continues to develop and grow inside an incubator at the neonatal ward of the Centre Hospitalier de Lens in Lens, northern France. Philippe Huguen/AFP/Getty Images hide caption

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Philippe Huguen/AFP/Getty Images

A Growth Factor Heals The Damage To A Preemie's Brain — In Mice

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What should parents be told before their premature infants participate in a clinical study? iStockphoto.com hide caption

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How much oxygen should severely premature infants receive? A study that sought to answer the question has been criticized for not fully informing parents about the risks to their children. iStockphoto.com hide caption

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