Keith Negley for NPR

Bates experienced migraines as a child. She made this painting to depict how they felt to her. Courtesy of Emily Bates hide caption

itoggle caption Courtesy of Emily Bates

A promising crop of new migraine treatments could alleviate the suffering of millions of Americans. iStockphoto.com hide caption

itoggle caption iStockphoto.com

A vintage ad for a headache remedy plays to women. The National Library of Medicine hide caption

itoggle caption The National Library of Medicine