Yes, you could do this at home. Growing bacteria you find in a pile of dirt or a local pond might reveal the next big antibiotic. Charlotte Raymond/Science Source hide caption

itoggle caption Charlotte Raymond/Science Source

Young broilers nibble feed at a chicken farm in Luling, Texas. The Food and Drug Administration has issued new guidance on how drug companies label antibiotics for livestock. Bob Nichols/USDA/Flickr hide caption

itoggle caption Bob Nichols/USDA/Flickr

Turkeys sit in a barn in Sonoma, Calif. An estimated 46 million turkeys are cooked and eaten during Thanksgiving meals in the U.S. Justin Sullivan/Getty Images hide caption

itoggle caption Justin Sullivan/Getty Images

In recent years, pork producers have found ways to keep the animals healthy through improved hygiene. M. Spencer Green/AP hide caption

itoggle caption M. Spencer Green/AP

Clostridium difficile, a bacterium that causes severe diarrhea, can be difficult to treat with antibiotics. Stefan Hyman/University of Leicester hide caption

itoggle caption Stefan Hyman/University of Leicester

Unless it's strep throat, antibiotics are unlikely to help you get over a sore throat. iStockphoto.com hide caption

itoggle caption iStockphoto.com

Craig Rowles tends to his pigs in a barn near Carroll, Iowa. Dan Charles/NPR hide caption

itoggle caption Dan Charles/NPR

Organic apples hang from trees in an orchard in Forest Range, Adelaide Hills, South Australia. donkeycart/via Flickr hide caption

itoggle caption donkeycart/via Flickr

In the U.S., doctors no longer have the option of treating gonorrhea with a pill. Instead, they are advised to use an injectable antibiotic, which is still effective against the bacteria. iStockphoto.com hide caption

itoggle caption iStockphoto.com

Health officials say they're worried that one day there will be no more antibiotics left to treat gonorrhea. iStockphoto.com hide caption

itoggle caption iStockphoto.com

Pretty to look at, almost, but Klebsiella pneumoniae bacteria these are a common cause of infections in hospitals. CDC hide caption

itoggle caption CDC