Turkey's President Recep Tayyip Erdogan speaks on Monday at the presidential palace in Ankara. Turkey is now embroiled in conflicts with Syria's President Bashar Assad, the Islamic State and the Kurdish separatists. Murat Cetinmuhurdar/AP hide caption

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U.S.-backed forces recently pushed out the Islamic State in the northeastern Syrian town of Shadadi. They now face the challenge of running the town. So far, few people have been allowed back to amid fears that ISIS infiltrators could return. Alice Fordham/NPR hide caption

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After Pushing ISIS Out Of Town, Can U.S.-Backed Forces Govern It?

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A woman complains inside her house in Nusaybin, Turkey, on Dec. 25. Tens of thousands of civilians in southeast Turkey have been caught in the middle as government forces and Kurdish militants battle. Murat Bay/AP hide caption

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Surrounded By Troubled Neighbors, Turkey's Conflict At Home Escalates

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Sakine Arat, right, and Mayrem Bulut are Kurdish mothers camping out between Turkish amry forces and the Kurdish PKK militants, in hopes of preventing clashes. "Mothers on both sides should be doing this," says Arat, 80. Peter Kenyon/NPR hide caption

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Kurdish Activists Camp Out Between Turkey's Army And Kurdish Fighters

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People gather outside a damaged building after clashes in Silvan between Turkish security forces and members of the Kurdistan Workers Party (PKK) youth wing last week. Sertac Kayar/Reuters/Landov hide caption

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In Turkey, A Kurdish Conflict Flares — Again

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Iraqi Kurdish singer Helly Luv sings in support of Kurdish fighters, called the peshmerga, who are battling the Islamic State. Her songs are popular among Kurds in northern Iraq, though some critics say her outfits and dancing are un-Islamic. Safin Hamed/AFP/Getty Images hide caption

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In Iraq, A Kurdish Warrior-Diva Sings Against ISIS, Despite Threats

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Syrian Kurds from Kobani wait behind the border fences to cross into Turkey on Friday. An attack by Islamic State fighters on the Syrian town of Kobani and a nearby village has so far killed at least 146 civilians, the second-biggest massacre by the hardline group in the country, a conflict monitor said on Friday. Murad Sezer/Reuters/Landov hide caption

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Kurdish Peshmerga fighters are separated from Islamic State extremists by only short distances in some places around Mosul in northern Iraq, but there has not been heavy fighting recently or any changes in the front lines. Alice Fordham/NPR hide caption

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ISIS Rule In Mosul: Few Come And Go As Extremists Dig In

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Kurdish Peshmerga fighters take positions on the outskirts of Mosul on Jan. 26. The U.S. military says an offensive to drive the Islamic State out of Mosul is expected around April or May. Azad Lashkari/Reuters /Landov hide caption

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Iraqi Kurds: We're Ready To Fight For Mosul

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Training at a new camp near the front line, a mix of Arabs and Kurds prepare for an assault on Mosul in upcoming months. The men will wear balaclavas to conceal their identities while they fight, because they have family in Mosul and don't want to put their relatives at risk. Ari Shapiro/NPR hide caption

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From A Mountain, Kurds Keep Watch On ISIS In Mosul

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Iraqi Kurdish peshmerga fighters arrive Saturday in Sinjar in northern Iraq, where they have made gains against the Islamic State. The Kurds were talking about independence this summer, but now appear focused on fighting the Islamic State. Safin Hamed/AFP/Getty Images hide caption

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