A visualization of the polarization of the Cosmic Microwave Background, or CMB, as detected by ESA's Planck satellite over the entire sky. ESA and the Planck Collaboration hide caption

itoggle caption ESA and the Planck Collaboration

The sun rises behind the cosmic microwave background (CMB) radiation telescopes at the National Science Foundation'€™s South Pole Station. Steffen Richter/Harvard University hide caption

itoggle caption Steffen Richter/Harvard University

Cosmic microwave background radiation (CMB) as observed by Planck. The CMB is a snapshot of the oldest light in our Universe, imprinted on the sky when the Universe was just 380,000 years old. Planck Collaboration/ESA hide caption

itoggle caption Planck Collaboration/ESA

Science has been working to shed light on the nature of the Universe for 400 years. Alberto Pomares/iStockphoto.com hide caption

itoggle caption Alberto Pomares/iStockphoto.com