Public health threat, or just a very odd animal you're likely to see in the southern United States? Richard Heathcote/Getty Images hide caption toggle caption Richard Heathcote/Getty Images Shots - Health News Leprosy From An Armadillo? That's An Unlikely Peccadillo July 22, 2015 Yes, health officials in Florida have reported nine cases of leprosy so far this year. And yes, armadillos can transmit leprosy. But scientists say we needn't fear the armored mammals.