Klaus Iohannis was an underdog who was the surprise winner of Romania's presidential runoff election last month. He was sworn into office on Dec. 21 with a promise to crackdown on corruption, a chronic problem in Romania. Gabriel Amza for NPR hide caption

itoggle caption Gabriel Amza for NPR

Romanians burn a portrait of Nicolae Ceausescu in Denta on Dec. 22, 1989, as residents take to the streets to celebrate the downfall of the dictator. Joel Robine/AFP/Getty Images hide caption

itoggle caption Joel Robine/AFP/Getty Images

A woman walks with children at an orphanage in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia. Policymakers have long called for orphans to be taken out of institutions and placed with foster families, but one study from Duke University is challenging that notion. Sean Gallup/Getty Images hide caption

itoggle caption Sean Gallup/Getty Images

In the Institute for the Unsalvageable in Sighetu Marmatiei, Romania, shown here in 1992, children were left in cribs for days on end. Tom Szalay hide caption

itoggle caption Tom Szalay

Keith Vaz, a British member of Parliament and chairman of the home affairs select committee (left), greets arrivals at Luton Airport, including Victor Spirescu (right) on Wednesday. The first Romanians and Bulgarians with unrestricted access to the U.K. labor market have begun to arrive despite last-ditch efforts to prevent a feared wave of fresh immigration. Jennifer Cockerell/PA Photos/Landov hide caption

itoggle caption Jennifer Cockerell/PA Photos/Landov

A chocolate cake is shaped like Europe, with new EU members Romania and Bulgaria (far right), at a welcoming ceremony for their entry into the bloc on Dec. 14, 2006. Curbs on the movement of citizens of the two countries end on Jan. 1, raising fears in Western Europe of an influx of Bulgarian and Romanian workers. Thierry Charlier/AP hide caption

itoggle caption Thierry Charlier/AP