A group of Uighur protesters demonstrate outside the Thai embassy in Ankara, Turkey, on Thursday to protest Thailand's deportation of 100 Uighur refugees back to China. Burhan Ozbilici/AP hide caption

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Burhan Ozbilici/AP

The Dzungar army surrenders to Manchu officers of the Qing Dynasty in 1759 in the Ili Valley, now part of China's Xinjiang region, in this painting made several years later by Chinese and Jesuit missionary artists. Wikimedia Commons hide caption

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Wikimedia Commons

Why A Chinese Government Think Tank Attacked American Scholars

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Policemen in riot gear guard a checkpoint on a road near a courthouse where ethnic Uighur academic Ilham Tohti's trial was taking place in Urumqi, Xinjiang, last week. Tohti, an economics professor, is accused of promoting Xinjiang's independence from China. Reuters/Landov hide caption

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