Maria Fabrizio for NPR

Mentally ill prisoners too impaired to stand trial are supposed to be transferred to state mental hospitals for treatment within two or three months. But more than 300 in California are languishing in county jails because hospitals don't have the beds. Christian Schmidt/Corbis hide caption

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Katherine Streeter for NPR

The aircraft hijacked by George Giffe, in Jacksonville, Fla., shortly after the hijacking occurred on Oct. 4, 1971. Courtesy of Andy Downs hide caption

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A cell at New York's Rikers Island jail. About 1,000 people die in American jails every year, and about a third of those are suicides. Seth Wenig/AP hide caption

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Lavall Hall's mother, Catherine Daniels, is comforted by her cousin Alfonzo Hill as she speaks with the media in February. Hall, who was schizophrenic, was fatally shot by police officers earlier this year. Joe Raedle/Getty Images hide caption

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In this image taken from video on Jan. 15, police officers Edward Sarama (from left) and Robert McGuire try to talk to officer Matt Dougherty, who is pretending to be mentally ill, during a training simulation at Montgomery County Emergency Service in Norristown, Pa. Michael Rubinkam/AP hide caption

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Officers Ned Bandoske (left) and Ernest Stevens are part of San Antonio's mental health squad — a six-person unit that answers the frequent emergency calls where mental illness may play a role. Jenny Gold/Kaiser Health News hide caption

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