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Listen Doc Cheatham: Jazz History's Eyewitness

September 23, 2008 – Trumpeter Doc Cheatham was known for his articulation and clarity as an ensemble player and soloist.

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After leaving Duke Ellington, Al Hibbler recorded with Count Basie, Gerald Wilson and several other jazz bandleaders.

Listen Al Hibbler: Unchained Melodist

September 17, 2008 – The rich, supple baritone was the vocalist on many of Duke Ellington's most popular ballads.

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Listen Stanley Turrentine: Saxophone 'Sugar Man'

September 10, 2008 – The tenor saxophonist brought his big, warm sound to all manner of groove-heavy jazz and R&B.

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Listen Jimmy Smith: Organ Grinder Swing

September 3, 2008 – He helped bring the Hammond B-3 organ from novelty status to the forefront of the jazz community.

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The facade of the Village Vanguard remains mostly unchanged since this 1976 photograph.

Listen The Village Vanguard: A Hallowed Basement

August 27, 2008 – The small triangular room, known for its acoustics, has staged scores of essential jazz recordings.

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Nat Adderley recorded many albums under his own name while working with his brother's group.

Listen Nat Adderley: Brotherly Swing

August 20, 2008 – The trumpeter spent many years writing, managing and playing for his brother's celebrated band.

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Listen Betty Carter: Fiercely Individual

August 14, 2008 – The intense vocalist blazed her own trail in the jazz industry, powered by her passionate singing.

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Most notably, Norman Granz produced Ella Fitzgerald's "Songbook" series, which highlighted her vocal talents best.

Listen Norman Granz: Jazz Genius Behind The Scenes

August 6, 2008 – He never played a note. But he set up many of the 20th century's landmark jazz concerts and records.

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Jackie McLean was known for his distinctive piercing tone and bluesy sensibility.

Listen Jackie McLean: 'Jackie's Bag'

July 30, 2008 – A veteran of bebop, the fiery alto saxophonist continually developed his modernist style.

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Even after Count Basie dissolved his Swing Era big band, Sweets Edison would occasionally add trumpet parts to Basie's "new testament" ensembles.

Listen Harry 'Sweets' Edison: Simplicity In Swing

July 23, 2008 – The inimitable trumpeter, an alum of the early Basie band, cultivated an spare yet bluesy approach.

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Tommy Flanagan on the cover of Tokyo Recital.

Listen Tommy Flanagan: Poet Of Piano

July 16, 2008 – The pianist helped create some of jazz's canonic albums before launching his own career as a leader.

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Melba Liston performs on Art Ford's Jazz Party, a television program broadcast from Newark, N.J., in 1958.

Listen Melba Liston: Bones Of An Arranger

July 9, 2008 – She was a gifted trombonist, a crack arranger, and, against the odds, a woman in jazz.

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Jimmy Witherspoon at the 1972 Monterey Jazz Festival.

Listen Jimmy Witherspoon: Shouting the Blues

July 2, 2008 – With a full, powerful baritone delivery, "Spoon" brought a strong dose of blues singing to jazz.

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John Coltrane's rapid stylistic evolution was not always admired as it is today: One critic called a 1961 performance "anti-jazz," and the label stuck with his detractors.

Listen John Coltrane: Saxophone Icon, Pt. 2

June 25, 2008 – The saxophonist's restless 1960s exploration made a jazz virtuoso into an American music pioneer.

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Listen John Coltrane: Saxophone Icon, Pt. 1

June 18, 2008 – By the late 1950s, the tenor saxophonist's rapid stylistic growth had already produced masterpieces.

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