October 14, 2012 Syria's Alawite minority has largely maintained its solid support for President Bashar Assad, a fellow Alawite. But recent developments, including the defection of an army colonel, suggest there are now cracks in the Alawite community.
September 19, 2012 Tensions are growing between the homegrown rebels and Islamist radicals who have come from abroad. They both oppose the Syrian government but disagree on many fundamental issues. Recently the rebels and the foreign radicals battled each other in northern Syria.
September 10, 2012 Over 18 months, the Syrian revolt has transformed from a peaceful protest movement to a brutal civil war with no end in sight. And as the conflict grinds on, activists who once led peaceful demonstrations have joined rebel brigades and have their own, often dangerous work to do.
September 5, 2012 The Syrian helicopter gunships and fighter planes that regularly strike villages nearby don't fly over Kfar Ghan. Turkey warned that any Syrian military aircraft near the border would be a target. The difference from the rest of Syria is evident: The shops are open, and there are kids on the street and a crowd of shoppers.
September 4, 2012 The Syrian rebels captured a border post on the frontier with Turkey, and have since had to deal with a crush of refugees. For now, at least, the border crossing is relatively calm and well-organized.
September 3, 2012 Syrian rebels have gained control of a series of towns along the Syrian-Turkish border, including the northern town of Azaz. But government forces continue to launch airstrikes there. Azaz is trying to move forward, but it's largely a ghost town now, as tens of thousands of residents have fled to Turkey.
August 31, 2012 Refugees are crowding the borders at the end of the bloodiest month since the anti-government uprising began. Many are abandoning their homes in rebel-held towns. Although the rebel brigades have grown bolder, they are mainly powerless against bombardment from Syria's air force.
August 27, 2012 The revolt began in the countryside, but it is now concentrated in two main cities: Damascus and Aleppo. While poor Syrians are flooding refugee camps on the borders, the middle- and upper-class civilians can pay to cross. Despite tension, some are seeking ways to build a post-Assad future together.
August 20, 2012 Near the Turkish town of Kilis, it's now possible for a reporter to cross into Syria. On Sunday night, NPR's Deborah Amos visited a Free Syrian stronghold where families who have fled fighting were celebrating the end of Ramadan.