August 12, 2008 Texas oilman T. Boone Pickens is running a multi-million-dollar advocacy campaign aimed at reducing the United States' dependence on foreign oil. Though Pickens wants the plan to be carried out by private industry, he is calling on the next president and Congress to help make it happen.
August 4, 2008 America Votes is an umbrella group formed in 2004 to coordinate the efforts of liberal groups trying to defeat President Bush. Other than SEIU, it raised and spent more money than any other political action committee in 2006.
August 4, 2008 As a conservative group, the Club for Growth's goals include making President Bush's tax cuts permanent. This year, the group has been active in congressional races but has not decided whether to support GOP presidential candidate John McCain.
August 4, 2008 Founded in 1916 as the first U.S. birth control clinic, Planned Parenthood provides health centers around the country and advocates for reproductive rights. The organization's action fund has endorsed Obama.
August 4, 2008 Formed in 2006 by Iraq war veterans, VoteVets opposes the Bush administration's handling of the war and backs mostly Democratic veterans running for Congress.
August 4, 2008 Majority Action ran ads against Republicans in the 2006 election cycle and focused on helping Democrats take control of the House. In the 2008 cycle, it will concentrate on Senate races.
August 4, 2008 Founded in 2003, this liberal — though officially nonpartisan — organization was created to encourage single women to vote. The group says its research shows unmarried women are a particularly underrepresented, yet potentially powerful part of the American electorate.
August 4, 2008 Top Democratic donors and operatives set up this 527 in 2007 as a big pot of money to fund pro-Democrat organizations. Its main donors included George Soros and the SEIU. It folded operations in June 2008.
August 4, 2008 Progress Now serves as a gateway for progressive politics in Colorado, offering grassroots networking tools on its site for more than 350,000 online members. Using new media tools, it informs members about local politics.
August 4, 2008 MoveOn.org is a liberal, anti-war organization with 3.3 million members. It was started in 1998 to urge Congress to "move on" to issues more pressing than impeaching President Clinton.
August 4, 2008 As a liberal 501(c)(4) group set up by operatives of MoveOn.org, the Campaign to Defend America was originally supposed to become a vehicle for attack ads against the Republican presidential candidates.
August 4, 2008 Founded by veterans of the Afghanistan and Iraq wars, Vets For Freedom supports current U.S. policy in Iraq and promotes continuing the war until "victory." In July, the group launched a national campaign that promises to include millions of dollars in TV advertising supporting the Iraq war.
August 4, 2008 The Service Employees International Union, or SEIU, draws 2 million members from the service sector — from health care workers and social workers to janitors and window cleaners. So far, it is one of the biggest spenders on TV time among independent groups, buying an estimated $3.2 million worth of ads in the first half of 2008.
August 4, 2008 As a union for government employees affiliated with the AFL-CIO, the American Federation of State, County and Municipal Employees has 1.4 million members. The group originally endorsed New York Sen. Hillary Clinton in the Democratic presidential primaries but is now backing Illinois Sen. Barack Obama.
July 29, 2008 This political action committee is now focused solely on opposing Democrat Barack Obama through a Web site called Expose Obama. The man behind the project is the same person who created the "Willie Horton" ad that hurt Democrat Michael Dukakis in his 1988 presidential bid.