Karen Marie Richardson (right) plays the title role in the Long Beach Opera's staging of Queenie Pie, the jazz opera Duke Ellington left unfinished when he died in 1974. Bryan Frank/Long Beach Opera hide caption

itoggle caption Bryan Frank/Long Beach Opera

Jimmy Heath and friends at a session at New York's WOR Studios in 1953. Left to right: Miles Davis, Kenny Drew, Art Blakey, Jimmy Heath. Temple University Press / Jimmy Heath collection hide caption

itoggle caption Temple University Press / Jimmy Heath collection

Amiri Baraka, shown here in 1972, was a renowned poet whose politics strongly shaped his work. Julian C. Wilson/AP hide caption

itoggle caption Julian C. Wilson/AP

Fitted with rubbery keys and advanced electronics, the Seaboard was designed to realistically mimic other instruments by letting players pull off subtle bends and slides between notes. Roli hide caption

itoggle caption Roli

Kenny Clarke performs at the Montreux Jazz Festival in 1968. He spent the second half of his career in Europe. JazzSign/Lebrecht Music & Arts/Corbis hide caption

itoggle caption JazzSign/Lebrecht Music & Arts/Corbis

The late documentary filmmaker Jean Bach stands next to an enlarged 1958 photograph of many jazz musicians titled "A Great Day in Harlem." Her documentary about the photo shoot was nominated for an Academy Award in 1995. Thomas Monaster/New York Daily News Archive/Getty Images hide caption

itoggle caption Thomas Monaster/New York Daily News Archive/Getty Images

Wayne Shorter, who turned 80 in 2013, won the NPR Music Jazz Critics Poll by a large margin. Robert Ashcroft/Courtesy of the artist hide caption

itoggle caption Robert Ashcroft/Courtesy of the artist

Jim Hall performs with his trio and fellow guitarist Julian Lage at the 2013 Newport Jazz Festival. Adam Kissick for NPR hide caption

itoggle caption Adam Kissick for NPR

Trombone Shorty, aka Troy Andrews, has started a foundation dedicated to music education in New Orleans. Jonathan Mannion/Courtesy of the artist hide caption

itoggle caption Jonathan Mannion/Courtesy of the artist

Melissa Aldana, 24, took after her father in pursuing jazz saxophone. Jimmy Katz/Courtesy of the artist hide caption

itoggle caption Jimmy Katz/Courtesy of the artist

Vocalist Brianna Thomas and Michael Mwenso sang a duet of "Don't Blame Me" for the web series Capsulocity. Courtesy of Capsulocity hide caption

itoggle caption Courtesy of Capsulocity

Gabe Baltazar (fourth from left) at New York City's Birdland Club in 1962, with members of Stan Kenton's band and the Count Basie Orchestra. The photo, from Baltazar's collection, is signed by Kenton (fourth from from right) and trumpeter Harry "Sweets" Edison (second from right). Courtesy of Gabe Baltazar hide caption

itoggle caption Courtesy of Gabe Baltazar

Melissa Aldana performs at the 2013 Thelonious Monk International Jazz Saxophone Competition at The John F. Kennedy Center for Performing Arts in Washington, D.C. Paul Morigi/Getty Images for the Thelonious Monk Institute of Jazz hide caption

itoggle caption Paul Morigi/Getty Images for the Thelonious Monk Institute of Jazz

Steve Berrios performs with the Fort Apache Band in New York City earlier in 2013. Andrea Zapata-Girau/Courtesy of Jerry Gonzalez hide caption

itoggle caption Andrea Zapata-Girau/Courtesy of Jerry Gonzalez