Corrected on December 24, 2009
The audio and an earlier Web version of this story incorrectly referred to Army Capt. Max Hynton. His name is Max Hanlin.
The audio and an earlier Web version of this story incorrectly referred to Army Capt. Max Hynton. His name is Max Hanlin.
Our guest incorrectly referred to May 23, 1998, as a Friday. In 1998, May 23 fell on a Saturday.
This review initially confused Leopold I, King of the Belgians, with his son Leopold II. The text has been amended.
In an earlier version of this story the reviewer stated that the song "Nefertiti" was written by Miles Davis. It was actually composed by Wayne Shorter.
In our story, Marcel Cerdan was incorrectly referred to as a heavyweight boxer. Cerdan fought in the middleweight division.
We referred to Dave Brubeck’s "Take Five," giving the impression that Brubeck composed the music. The composer was Paul Desmond.
In earlier versions of this story we said the prize bull Trail Dust was owned by Doug Hunt. That is incorrect. Trail Dust is owned by Joyce and Joshua Cashman. Hunt owns Trail Dust's father, a bull named Hunt's Command Respect.
An earlier version of this review made reference to "Polish concentration camps." The camps in question, while located within Poland, were established and operated by occupying forces as part of Nazi Germany's systematic genocide targeting European Jews.
This story inaccurately described the housing market in China by suggesting that people there don't use mortgages. Many Chinese do buy homes with borrowed money, though they're not borrowing on the scale that helped trigger the subprime crisis. China's central bank sets minimum down-payment levels, often 20 percent of a home's value.
An earlier version of this review incorrectly attributed the authorship of "So Long, Marianne." The song was written and performed by Leonard Cohen.
We incorrectly reported that former Enron CEO Jeffrey Skilling is currently at the Federal Correctional Institute in Waseca, Minn. Skilling is an inmate at the Federal Correctional Institution in Littleton, Colo.
We incorrectly said that the two Northwest Airline pilots who overshot their destination by 150 miles had their licenses revoked by the National Transportation Safety Board. The NTSB investigates and recommends the revocation of licenses. The Federal Aviation Administration is responsible for revoking licenses.
The on-air version of this story stated that energy is released when carbon-atom bonds are broken. To be more precise, energy is released after the bond is broken and carbon atoms grab on to other atoms.
In our story, we characterized Jasmin Ceric as having used the term "ethnic cleansing" in reference to crimes committed in Bosnia. Ceric did not use that term. He described mass killings in Bosnia as "genocide."
An early version of this story said that Barack Obama is an American citizen because his mother was an American citizen. Obama is an American citizen because he was born on American soil.
An earlier version referred to an incomplete analysis of poll results about AARP and political parties. The reference has been deleted.
A letter from a listener regarding ghost stories referred to Nellie Bly as a serial killer. That is incorrect. Nellie Bly was the pen name of Elizabeth Jane Cochran, an American journalist in the late 19th and early 20th centuries who is widely credited with inventing investigative journalism.
We referred to a network called Pownce, which actually went out of business last year. Also, we said microblogging sites "used to be mostly used by youngsters, but life on Twitter has changed." In fact, according to the social media guide mashable.com, Twitter is "aging in reverse" -- it was first popular among older users, but now those under 25 are flocking to the network.
In referring to the War of the Worlds hoax, Daniel Schorr said it was broadcast in 1934. The broadcast was in 1938. The Web text has been corrected.
A previous Web version of this story said that a sentence is doubled for a second strike if that crime is violent or serious. In fact the second strike does not have to be violent or serious if the first strike was.
In an earlier version of this conversation, we said Charlotte, N.C., may be on the verge of electing its first African-American mayor. In fact, Harvey Gantt was elected Charlotte's first black mayor and served from 1983 to 1987.
In the audio version of this story, Howard Berkes said that Elizabeth Smart gave her testimony 6,659 days after she had been abducted. He actually had calculated the correct number as 2,659 days but misspoke when he recorded the radio story.
We reported that no members of the NFL medical committee on concussions attended a House committee hearing on football-related injuries. That was incorrect. Andrew Tucker, the team doctor for the Baltimore Ravens, testified. Tucker is also a member of the NFL's Mild Traumatic Brain Injury committee. Several members of that committee have generated controversy with public statements discounting research that indicates a link between football head injuries and later brain illness. None of those other committee members testified before the hearing.
We reported that John Brown captured "one of George Washington's sons." Brown actually captured Col. Lewis Washington, the great-grandnephew of the first president.
In early on-air versions of this story, we described the dispute as a copyright dispute. That is incorrect. It is a trademark dispute.
This report incorrectly states the year in the Iranian calendar: It should be been 1384.
Host Guy Raz said that taxpayers sent $700 billion to large banks as part of the federal government bailout of the financial industry. That is incorrect. The total bailout was approximately $700 billion; banks received about $200 billion of that amount.
The audio and previous Web versions of this story said that the biblical prophet Nehemiah rebuilt the Temple of Jerusalem. Nehemiah is actually credited with rebuilding Jerusalem's walls.
The audio and previous Web versions of this story reported that Irene Morningstar, a woman attending a rally about health care, identified herself as a lifelong Democrat. Morningstar was a registered Democrat until 2008, when she changed her party registration to Republican.
We reported that the Phoenix Coyotes were in first place in their division. But owing to a win by the San Jose Sharks, the Coyotes were in second place at the time our story aired.
In the audio and previous Web versions of the story, Sarah Scholl was incorrectly referred to as a physician. Scholl is actually a physician's assistant.
We reported that San Francisco's new city law requiring residents to compost food waste is the first program of its kind in the nation. Seattle was actually the first city to require all households to compost food waste. The Seattle law went into effect last April, but Seattle exempts businesses, restaurants and apartment buildings from the law. San Francisco is the first to mandate that all residents, plus businesses, restaurants and multidwelling units like apartment houses compost waste.
In the original on-air version of our story we said: "Pennsylvania Democrat John Murtha is under federal investigation for allegedly trading government earmarks for campaign contributions." There has been no public announcement of a federal investigation of Rep. Murtha. Later versions of the story reported that Murtha is closely tied to several officials and defense contractors who are under federal investigation.
In our conversation about media hoaxes, a guest referred to the Bhopal chemical disaster and said the company that owned the plant was Dow Chemical. That is incorrect. The plant in Bhopal was owned at the time of the accident by Union Carbide.
In the original version of this story, the ellipses in the excerpt for After, by Amy Efaw, did not appear to due to a formatting error. This error has been corrected.
An early version of the audio for this story incorrectly identiifed Rep. Steny Hoyer of Maryland. He is the House majority leader.
The audio and a previous Web version of this story mistakenly said that between 1992 and 2008 the average number of prescriptions that Americans get increased by 58 percent. The actual increase was 71 percent.
An earlier version of this story said that California spends as much money on corrections as its entire education system. The story should have said that the state spends as much money on corrections as its higher education system.
In a conversation with host Steve Inskeep, Gordon Goldstein referred to McGeorge Bundy as the former "dean of the Graduate School of Arts and Sciences." Bundy was the dean of the faculty of arts and sciences at Harvard University.
A caller in this segment misspoke when she said George Washington named her town during the Civil War. Washington fought in the War of Independence, not the Civil War.
A previous version of this story quoted Jennie Litvack as saying Dizzy Gillespie "never had children of his own." Gillespie did, in fact, have a daughter in 1958, but he never mentioned her to the public or to Litvack. Also, shofars are not usually 3 1/2 feet long; they typically range between 6 inches and 4 feet.
Audio for this story is not available. The initial broadcast about the disclosure erroneously suggested that RealMed, a medical clearinghouse, was responsible for sending the letters. RealMed had no role in writing or sending the letters. Also, the story erroneously reported that the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention does not support HIV reporting because of fears that will deter people from being tested. The CDC has advised all states to collect HIV data as an extension of their AIDS surveillance effort. And it has found no evidence name-based HIV reporting is a deterrent to testing. NPR regrets the errors.
We incorrectly stated that Israel had been attacked by Syria and other Arab states in the 1967 war. In fact, Israel attacked first after Egyptian President Gamal Abdel Nasser expelled United Nations troops from the Sinai and closed the Straits of Tiran to Israeli shipping.
The original broadcast of this story said that "millions of Palestinians became refugees at the end of the 1948 war." That is incorrect. While millions of Palestinians are now considered refugees, the actual number who became refugees because of the war has been estimated at about 750,000, according to the United Nations' Palestinian refugee agency.
A version of this story broadcast Thursday incorrectly said this is the first time since 1966 that a U.S. service member has been sentenced to death. It was the first time since 1996.
In the audio, we mistakenly called Lorrie Moore's novel A Very Crowded Life. In fact, the novel is called A Gate At The Stairs.
The original broadcast version of this story incorrectly referred to Hosam Smadi, the suspect in an alleged plot to bomb a bank building in Dallas, as being Palestinian. Smadi is Jordanian.
In his review of the Rhino Records box set Where the Action Is! Los Angeles Nuggets, rock historian Ed Ward referred to Alec Palao as the curator. Palao is one of the producers along with Andrew Sandoval, who was the sole compiler and curator of the collection. The Web text has been corrected.
It was stated that the Obama Administration has proposed eliminating the Office of Thrift Supervision and keeping the Office of the Controller of the Currency. The Obama administration is actually calling for a merger of the two federal bodies into one called the National Bank Supervisor.
In the story it was said that the Indian Health Service was established in the year 1959. The service was established in 1955.
The audio and a previous Web version of this story incorrectly identified President Bush's aide at the December G-20 summit as Dan Prince. His name is Dan Price.
The audio for this story incorrectly attributes the final quote to Irina Smotrich. In fact, it is Jessica Vogel who says, "A lot of [shows and movies] focus on the men, and the relationships with the women and the friendships is always a side story. This, because it's been going on so long, the men have come and gone, the drinks have come and gone, the random nights have come and gone, but the friendships have always been there the whole time."
In our interview, Erin Arvedlund said that many so-called feeder funds that invested with Bernie Madoff did not reveal that Madoff was the manager, so many retirees never knew they were exposed. This was not true of one company she mentioned. Fairfield Greenwich Group, believing Madoff to be a selling point, did list him as the portfolio manager in many of their funds.
An interview with poet Heather McHugh closes with the quote, "The higher a monkey climbs, the more you see of his behind." The quote is attributed to Gen. Joe Stilwell (1883-1946), but it was first written by St. Bonaventure (ca. 1221-1274) in his book Conferences On the Gospel of John.
In the audio version of this story, Ouachita is pronounced incorrectly. The correct pronunciation is WAH-shih-taw.
In the audio portion of Part 1 of the interactive graphic 'Stories From the Amazon Road,' we referred to Sao Paulo as Brazil's capital. In fact, Brasilia is the capital of Brazil. The audio has been corrected.
The original on-air version of this story referred to Rep. Joe Wilson as being from Louisiana. Wilson is from South Carolina.
Our report referred to some small airports that cater to recreational planes and corporate jets as "private" airports. That is an inaccurate characterization. Private airports are just that: airports that belong to private individuals or companies that restrict traffic. The airports being referred to in our report are open to public use.
In a response to the question, what's your favorite film about food, a caller answers "Last Supper, starring Wesley Snipes." Wesley Snipes did not star in Last Supper. Courtney B. Vance was the movie's star.
Our story reported that Patrick Swayze's first movie role was in The Outsiders in 1983. That was incorrect. Swayze's first film role came in Skatetown USA in 1979. Also, in a reference to the film Point Break, it was said that Patrick Swayze wore a mask with the likeness of President Richard Nixon while robbing banks. He actually wore a mask depicting the likeness of President Ronald Reagan.
In the discussion about cupcakes, a reference was made to the coffee shop Peet's being an imitator of Starbucks. Starbucks actually came after Peet's. Peet's was founded in 1966 and Starbucks was founded in 1971.
The audio and a previous Web version of this story said that Larry Harbour and his wife were uninsured because of insurance plans requiring from $24,000 to $40,000 a year in premium payments alone. Harbour now says he misspoke and that the premiums he referred to were actually half that amount, from $12,000 to $20,000 a year.
An earlier version of this story referred to a 2001 interview with Morant, but this interview took place in 2006.
On air and in an earlier Web version of the story, we said the House had passed a bill to expand Medicaid coverage. The full House has yet to vote on the legislation.
In the audio story, guest April Englebert refers to a site that does not exist. There is a functioning site called http://krazycouponlady.blogspot.com/
In response to a question about egg allergy and the flu vaccine, NPR science editor Joe Neel misspoke. Chicken eggs are also used in manufacturing the inhaled flu vaccine, and it is not an alternative to a flu shot for people with egg allergy.
Frank Deford misspoke when he said New York University is "authorized to do a definitive study" on early-onset dementia. NYU proposed the study to the National Football League, but it has not been officially approved. The Web text has been corrected.
The original version of this story mistakenly identified Ohio Democratic Party Chairman Chris Redfern as Chris Redford.
In some broadcasts, we said that Darwin's study of earthworms was "one of his first" books. In fact, it was his last scientific book.
The broadcast version of this story incorrectly identified one of the dancers as Rachel Johnson. Her correct name is Rebecca Johnson.
A previous Web version of this story incorrectly referred to "Caltech University." The correct name is California Institute of Technology.
In original versions of this story, we said that cocaine is classified by the Federal Drug Enforcement Administration as a Schedule I drug. That is incorrect. Cocaine is classified as a Schedule II drug.
We said that Dr. Sam Gandy is a neurologist who heads Alzheimer's research at Mount Sinai School of Medicine. In fact, Gandy is associate director of the Alzheimer's Disease Research Center at Mount Sinai School of Medicine.
The on-air version of the story should have identified the plant as Europe's first commercial solar thermal power plant.
A previous Web version of this story incorrectly said that Leonard Contreras fought in the Gulf War in 1993. The correct year was 1991.
In our swine flu update, NPR reporter Joanne Silberner said that previous seasonal flu vaccines have all been safe. As she and other NPR reporters have noted in other stories, there are questions about the safety of a flu vaccine used in 1976. After an unexpected outbreak of swine flu that year, a new vaccine was developed and used in 40 million people. Several hundred cases of a neurological condition called Guillain-Barre syndrome developed among those vaccinated, including 25 deaths. Researchers who studied the incident still are not sure whether it was the vaccine that caused the syndrome or if some viral infection or other cause was responsible for those cases of GB.
A previous Web version of this story incorrectly stated that aircraft flying in the Hudson River corridor could be doing so without electronic transponders. In fact, transponders are required in the area.
A previous Web version of this story incorrectly stated that aircraft flying in the Hudson River corridor could be doing so without electronic transponders. In fact, transponders are required in the area.
In early Web versions of this story, we misspelled the last name of food historian Gary Nabhan.
We said material seized by government investigators during a search of Rep. Jefferson's congressional office was ruled inadmissible in its entirety. In fact, some of the documents were not included in the congressman's constitutional challenge, and 46 of them were entered into evidence against him.
In an interview, we said, "And when Germany became a nation in the 1880s, one of the first big things that the government did was to unite all of these what they call sickness funds into one system." In fact, Germany became a nation in 1871.
A previous version of this story said that the legendary American humorist Will Rogers served in the House from Oklahoma. Will Rogers did not serve in Congress, though his son did, as a representative from California. The Will Rogers who represented part of Oklahoma was unrelated.
Statements by Kevin Guilfoile Stephen Asma were drawn from NPR interviews done in 2006 and 2002, respectively. They should have been identified as such in the audio for this story. The text has been corrected to reflect the timing.
A previous Web version of this story said that Sen. Daniel Akaka is from Alaska. The senator is actually from Hawaii.
In the audio version of this story, a student who was quoted as being Zack Harner was actually Brandon Muncy. A previous Web version's photo caption incorrectly identified a student as Brenden Muncie. He is actually Michael Essex. The text has been corrected.
The audio introduction to this story said, "Back in 1989, before the dawn of the Internet, three young students at Beijing University were among those at the center of the drama in Tiananmen Square." In fact, accounts of the Tiananmen Square killings were relayed via the Internet in 1989.
The audio and a previous Web version of this story said that the city of Greensboro, N.C., was currently experimenting with a program designed to help prevent teenage mothers from having another child by offering a payment of $1 for each day that a young woman did not get pregnant. Greensboro in the past experimented with such a program, but no such program is currently in effect.
The story says the FBI has "more that 28,000 agents." Actually, the FBI has about 30,000 employees -- including support staff, surveillance teams and more than 12,000 special agents.
In some broadcasts, we incorrectly said that the Southwestern Baptist Theological Seminary is based in Dallas, Texas. The Southwestern Baptist Theological Seminary is based in Ft. Worth, Texas.
In the audio version of this story and in a previously published text version, we said 13 percent of Sen. Max Baucus' re-election funds came from Montana donors. That number should have been 5 percent.
Our story identified Richard Naimark as the vice president of the National Arbitration Forum. That is incorrect. Mr. Naimark is senior vice president of the American Arbitration Association.
An earlier version of this graphic included incorrect data. The graphic has been corrected.
In an early version of this story, we reported that Iowa was one of two states that do not issue permits for concealed weapons. That is incorrect. The two states that do not issue permits for concealed weapons are Illinois and Wisconsin.
The audio report says Amazon's e-books are only readable on the Kindle. This is incorrect. Amazon e-books downloadable on the Kindle can also be downloaded and read on the Apple iPhone and Apple iPod touch using the Amazon Kindle for iPhone application.
The broadcast version of this review misidentified a distorted trombone played by Bryan Hooten and incorrectly cited the album's title. The audio on this page has been updated.
Some versions of this story heard on air attributed "Bittersweet Symphony" to The Rolling Stones. In fact, the song was recorded by The Verve.
Our report said the U.S. sent two carrier battle groups into the Strait of Taiwan in 1995. In fact, that action was taken in 1996.
While Janis Joplin recorded a much-played version of "Me and Bobby McGee," a song quoted in this story, the song was written and recorded by Kris Kristofferson.
Our report said that this year's graduating class at Daewon included seven students at Cornell and five at Stanford. Those are actually the number of students that will be attending those schools. Twelve students were admitted to Cornell and seven to Stanford.
Previous versions of this story incorrectly said that the firefighters who filed the lawsuit over a promotion exam were African-American. In fact, the firefighters were white.
The Web version of this story incorrectly stated the number of Jewish settlers estimated to be living in territory captured by Israel in the 1967 war. The number of settlers living in the West Bank exceeds 270,000, according to Israel’s census of 2007. The number of Jews living in all lands captured by Israel in 1967 — the West Bank, the Gaza Strip, the Golan Heights and East Jerusalem — was estimated to be 460,000 to 480,000 in 2007. The text has been corrected to specify the estimate relevant to the West Bank, which was the focus of the story.
A previous Web version of this story said BP closed its alternative energy division. This is not the case; the company is reducing the size of the division.
We incorrectly said that NPR makes a payment every time a brief piece of music is played in a news story. In fact, fair use rules permit the journalistic use of short pieces of music in news stories without any payment being made.
The broadcast version of this story mistakenly said that an ice age "marked the death of the dinosaurs." The text on this page has been updated.
This review initially misstated the name of a supporting character. The text has been corrected.
In his conversation with Robert Siegel, reporter Mark Zdechlik incorrectly said former Sen. Norm Coleman took a job with the National Jewish Democratic Council. In fact Coleman is serving as a consultant and strategic adviser to the Republican Jewish Coalition.
In broadcast versions of this story, Donald Rumsfeld was identified as a former Secretary of State. The archived audio here has been updated.
In some broadcasts, we incorrectly stated that the measure allowing visitors to carry loaded guns into national parks takes effect in 90 days. It actually takes effect in nine months.
In this report, listeners heard a clip of Ayatollah Ali Khamenei. We should have mentioned that the clip was courtesy of Al-Jazeera.
An earlier version of this story gave the wrong title for the Chuck Berry song appropriated by the Beach Boys. It was "Sweet Little Sixteen" that was adapted into "Surfin' USA," not "Maybellene."
An earlier version of this review incorrectly referred to Wes Anderson's film 'Darjeeling Express'; the correct title is 'The Darjeeling Limited.'
Our story cited research by Public Citizen supporting arguments for changing the system of mandatory arbitration. We should have pointed out that Public Citizen is an advocacy and lobbying group that opposes mandatory arbitration.
We said that United Nations Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon is announcing a $20 billion initiative to support women in developing countries whose health has been jeopardized by the global economic crisis. There is no new initiative. At the secretary-general’s June 15 forum on global health, Ban called on donors to honor existing commitments to the Millennium Development Goals, pledges that amount to $20 billion between 2007 and 2015.
We said that Zach Galifianakis had a show on MTV. The show was actually on VH1.
We said that the headquarters of Aryan Nations is located in Idaho. According to the Web site of Aryan Nations, the organization's mailing address is in South Carolina.
In some broadcasts, we said, "The army has offered cash rewards of as much as $60,000 for information leading to the arrest of top militant leaders." The correct figure is $600,000.
An earlier version of this story incorrectly stated that the chief executive donated $3 million to the judge's re-election campaign. We regret the error.
An earlier version of this review mistakenly named the actor playing Will Stanton. The text has been corrected.
Earlier Web versions of this story erroneously referred to the Drug Enforcement Administration as the Drug Enforcement Agency.
We said, "There are many [methods of birth control] -- hormonal methods, such as birth control pills, the patch, a three-month shot, a ring that's placed over the cervix ... or there are barrier methods -- IUDs, the cervical cap, the diaphragm, and male and female condoms." In fact, the birth control ring leaks small doses of estrogen and progestin directly into the bloodstream through the vaginal walls. Also, the IUD is not a barrier method.
We described the LRAD -- the Long Range Acoustic Device -- as "a deterrent tone, loud and focused enough to cause severe pain and even deafness if you're directly in its path." In fact, a person would suffer permanent hearing loss only if exposed to the sound for minutes or even just seconds, depending on how loud and far away it was.
We said Susan Boyle had been "flown to the United States to appear on Oprah Winfrey’s show." In fact, the interview was conducted remotely via a video link; Boyle remained in the U.K.
We incorrectly said that "Roh [Moo-hyun] lost the last election to Lee [Myung-bak] primarily over South Korea's sagging economy." In fact, Roh was limited to one term by South Korea's Constitution.
We incorrectly said that South Korean President Lee Myung-bak had killed himself. It was actually former President Roh Moo-hyun who committed suicide.
We described Bushman the gorilla as "stuffed ... and still on display at the Lincoln Park Zoo." In fact, he has been on exhibit at Chicago's Field Museum since December 1951.
The audio version of this story incorrectly identifies a Disney Channel programming executive as Andy Bonnet. His name is Adam Bonnett; the text on this page has been updated.
We referred to a forum last week at "Chapman College in Southern California." The school, in Orange, Calif., is actually called Chapman University.
We incorrectly referred to a gay rights group as "Equity Illinois." It is actually called "Equality Illinois."
In some broadcasts, we incorrectly referred to "Back Home Again in Indiana" as the Indiana state song. The official state song is actually "On the Banks of the Wabash, Far Away."
In earlier versions of this story, we should have noted that the play has enjoyed four successful runs, including one at California's Marin Theatre Company.
We said, "By the time soldiers opened fire on demonstrators in Tiananmen Square, killing hundreds, Zhao Ziyang had already been deposed for supporting the demonstrators." According to most accounts at the time, most of the shootings took place west of Tiananmen Square on Chang'an Avenue, and not in the square itself.
We incorrectly identified the video game featuring the audio of the Illuminati as "Resident Evil 4." In fact, the clip was from "Deus Ex."
In this interview, David Herskowitz said, "Out of all of history, there have been no meteorite-persons collisions. In other words, not one meteorite has hit any human being on this planet." This is not correct. In 1954, a meteorite came through the roof of a house in Sylacauga, Ala., and struck Ann Elizabeth Hodges on the hand and hip.
In the interview, Dennis Hopper said, "When ['Easy Rider'] went to the Turner Channel, the classic movie channel, they called me and asked me if I wanted to watch them cut the film." In fact, the edited version of "Easy Rider" runs on AMC, not Turner Classic Movies.
We incorrectly referred to Robert Ritchie as a historian at the California Institute of Technology. His correct title is historian and director of research at the Huntington Library, Art Collections and Botanical Gardens in San Marino, Calif.
In some broadcasts, we said, "Penn volunteered for the Obama campaign during the Iowa primaries." We should have said the Iowa caucuses.
In some broadcasts, we referred to a ruling concerning Exxon's oil spill "in Prudhoe Bay, Alaska." The spill was actually in Prince William Sound.
We said, "The Gurkha cause has been greatly helped by the support of actress Joanna Lumley, who starred in the television series "The New Avengers" in the '60s ..." In fact, Lumley starred in "The New Avengers" in the 1970s.
In some broadcasts, we said, "Just remember, 100 days is only one-tenth of [President Obama's] term." In fact, 100 days is about one-fifteenth of a four-year term.
In some broadcasts, in referring to anti-viral drugs, we mistakenly said, "A German health expert argues that the vaccines don't save lives, but just alleviate the symptoms." There is no vaccine against swine flu.
We said, "The U.N. here estimates that some 50,000 homes in the territory were damaged or destroyed in the Israeli attacks." Actual figures of home destruction, however, appear to have been much lower. Estimates by the Palestine Central Bureau of Statistics established that about 4,100 Gaza homes were destroyed and 17,000 were damaged, for a total of 21,100 -- a figure cited in subsequent NPR reports.
We said, "The U.N. said they believe at least 55,000 homes [on the east side and in the south of Gaza City] all are partially destroyed in the fighting." Actual figures of home destruction, however, appear to have been much lower. Estimates by the Palestine Central Bureau of Statistics established that about 4,100 Gaza homes were destroyed and 17,000 were damaged, for a total of 21,100 -- a figure cited in subsequent NPR reports.
In some broadcasts, we included "Little Deuce Coupe" among the songs inspired by GM cars. In fact, the Beach Boys song is about a 1932 Ford.
In some broadcasts, we said the swine flu virus combines human RNA and DNA from pigs. In fact, the virus combines RNA from humans and pigs.
We said, "Apparently [California Rep. Jane Harman's] voice was heard on, I guess it was an unauthorized wiretap." In fact, reports say the wiretap had been approved by a court. We also said Harman was "apparently talking to people at the American Israeli Political Action Group, AIPAC." Published reports actually say she was talking to a suspected Israeli agent, who offered political help if she would intercede on behalf of two indicted AIPAC members suspected of espionage.
The introduction to this story said, "Do you want to hear a lizard that cries like a baby?" Salamanders are not lizards. Lizards are reptiles; salamanders are amphibians.
The statistician who provided the statistic used in the introduction to this story now says that number is inaccurate. We said, "In Connecticut, motions to modify [child support or alimony] payments filed by people divorced or divorcing grew by more than 50 percent last year." According to judicial statistician Greg Pac, those motions increased by less than 1 percent, in all family cases. However, Family Court judges and other court workers continue to report pressure in the system from what they believe is the increased volume and complexity of cases in which people have to renegotiate their court-ordered support payments.
In some versions of this story, we said Sylvia Martinez's daughter earns $700 a week as a customer service rep at a "Fortune" 500 company. She actually earns $700 every two weeks.
We described the "Kalamazoo Promise" as "a program that guarantees every child who spends at least four years in Kalamazoo public schools ... money to go to college at any school in Michigan." In fact, the money can only be used at any public state of Michigan university or community college.
We said, "Kelly was one of more than two dozen public housing residents, nearly all of them black, who were targeted by the Robert County District Attorney, then arrested and charged with selling cocaine." Hearne, Texas, is actually in Robertson County.
In discussing a report by the Insurance Institute for Highway Safety, we referred to crash tests of "small lightweight cars with bigger cars ... with SUVs, and others and so forth." In fact, the institute's crash tests involved collisions between a small car and a midsize model from the same manufacturer.
In some broadcasts, we mistakenly identified the winner of the Pulitzer Prize for local reporting as "The Detroit News." It was actually the "Detroit Free Press."
We said, "Ever since [the Roma] began their odyssey from the Indian subcontinent two-and-a-half millennia ago, they’ve been feared and demonized." In fact, the Roma left India in the 11th century, about one millennium ago.
On the air and in earlier Web versions, we said that the blogger wrote under the name "Minerva, after the Greek goddess of wisdom." In fact, Minerva was the Roman name for the Greek goddess Athena.
We said, "[I]n Paris, two Muslim girls were harassed by a Jewish gang." In fact, the two Muslim students were boys.
We said, "I think that President Obama and his administration are quite aware that the United States provides 90 percent of all the weapons that are being used in the mayhem currently taking place in Mexico." In fact, the 90 percent figure originated with the Bureau of Alcohol, Tobacco, Firearms and Explosives, which concluded that 90 percent of the firearms recovered in Mexico and traced successfully originated from various sources within the continental U.S.
In some broadcasts, we said, "Madden ended his career working for 'Monday Night Football' on ESPN." In fact, he was working for 'Sunday Night Football' on NBC when he decided to retire.
The audio version and earlier Web versions of this story said, "He's on our pennies, our dollar bills ..." Lincoln's portrait is on the $5 bill.
We said, "Regulators will assess whether the banks have the capital to withstand this more negative forecast [during the stress test], and if it's determined they don't, they'll have two months to raise capital from private sources." In fact, the banks will have six months to raise the needed capital.
We said, "Everybody in America could have their income tax bill cut about 12 percent ... so one month a year you wouldn't have to pay income taxes, all else being equal." But 12 percent is not the same as 1/12; a 12 percent cut would be equivalent to not paying taxes for more than six weeks.
We said the book "The Siege" was "published in Albania in 1970, then translated into French and published in Paris in 1994, and now translated into English by David Bellos." In fact, English translations were published in 1974 and 1980.
In some broadcasts, we referred to the "General Accounting Office." It's actually the Government Accountability Office.
We misidentified the student who wrote about the rejection walls for her school paper. Her name is Danielle Edelman, not Danielle Edelson.
We said, "[T]here are actually two or three singularities. One of them is the one that Ulam came up with in a conversation in 1958 with John von Neumann." Stanislaw Ulam wrote about the conversation in 1958, but Von Neumann died in February 1957.
In audio and earlier Web versions of this story, we incorrectly identified Jim Bartley as having worked for Lenovo, the computer maker. In fact, he had been employed by STMicroelectronics as an account manager for Lenovo.
In some broadcasts, we said the attack on the USS Cole took place "in the 1990s." In fact, the bombing occurred on Oct. 12, 2000.
In some broadcasts, the introduction to this story said, "We're hearing that the bad economy is likely to increase crime." We should have said, "We're hearing that the bad economy is likely to increase property crime."
In some broadcasts, we incorrectly said, "Barbara Reynolds runs Volunteer Maryland, which places about 75,000 AmeriCorps members across the state." The correct number is 75 AmeriCorps members.
In the original Web version of this story, we stated incorrectly in the photo caption that the beaker held by Jerry Sadoff contained enough bacteria to make almost 3 million doses of a TB vaccine. The beaker contained enough bacteria for about 2 million doses. We also incorrectly stated that Aeras had already conducted safety tests of its new vaccines on human volunteers in the United States. Those human tests have not yet taken place. And a clarification: After publication, Aeras informed NPR that clinical trials are no longer scheduled for India.
We said, "[Norm] Coleman needs to win 57 percent of the [400 previously rejected] votes that are about to be counted for him to surpass that 225 [lead by Al Franken]." In fact, he would need to win more than 78 percent of the 400 outstanding votes to overcome a 225-vote lead.
We said, "[T]here is burned into the memory of all of Europe, especially Germany, the years in the 1930s when they had inflation." Hyperinflation in Germany was ended in 1923, with the creation of the rentenmark.
We said, "Mr. Obama has revoked a rule that prohibited international organizations that receive U.S. aid from mentioning abortion." In fact, the law specifically did not "prohibit the provision, consistent with local law, of information or counseling about all pregnancy options."
In some broadcasts, the introduction to this segment said "both [GM and Chrysler] have been given 60 days with some government assistance to come up with a better strategy." In fact, Chrysler has been given a 30-day deadline.
We said, "Dan Donovan is DA in Rockland County and heads the State District Attorneys Association." Donovan is actually the district attorney for Richmond County.
In the interview, we said, "The way [the tax credit of up to $800 for working families] is working right now, is that it’s a reduction in withholding. So, everybody is getting a little bit more in their paycheck every week." In fact, the $800 tax credit begins phasing out for couples whose income is more than $150,000.
We said, "And things really did go downhill in 1986 when the Chernobyl reactor core caught on fire in Russia." Chernobyl is in Ukraine, which was part of the Soviet Union in 1986.
Audio versions and earlier Web versions of this story referred to John Morefield as an architect, including a reference in an earlier headline. Though he has a degree in architecture from the University of Arizona, he is not a licensed architect in the state of Washington.
We said, "Compare that tripling of risk, a 300 percent increase in death [among smokers], to what the study found about red meat -- a 30 percent increase." In fact, a tripling of risk is a 200 percent increase.
In some broadcasts, we said that the stimulus plan would give a couple earning $250,000 an $800 tax credit in each of two years. While the maximum benefit is $800, it is phased out for couples earning between $150,000 and $190,000.
We said, "He [Sen. Joseph Lieberman] also hopes Congress will try again to close the so-called gun show loophole, which exempts weapons buyers from having to undergo a criminal background check if they buy arms at a gun show rather than from a store." In fact, licensed dealers who sell at gun shows have to conduct background checks, although individuals who sell guns there do not.
We said that Wordsworth's poem, "Lines Composed a Few Miles Above Tintern Abbey," referred to "a beautiful abbey in England." Tintern Abbey is actually in Wales.
The story incorrectly referred to "the late Joan Didion." Joan Didion has not died.
In the interview, Dan Schorr said, "When I was stringer for 'The New York Times' in Holland back in 1948, I found that the Dutch had been playing baseball even during the German occupation." The article was actually written for "The Christian Science Monitor" in 1949.
The audio for this story, as well as earlier Web versions, confused the computer operating system Unix with Unix time, a system describing points in time that is used by Unix and other computer operating systems.
We mistakenly said that "all seven members" of the Senate Intelligence Committee opposed Freeman's appointment. We should have said all seven Republican members.
A previous version of this recipe misstated the amount of corn starch in the thickening mix. The mix should consist of 1/3 cup corn starch and 1 cup warm water.
In the interview, we said the "ides" was "the 15th of the month and it really is the middle of the month." In fact, in the ancient Roman calendar the "ides" refers to the 15th day of March, May, July, or October or the 13th day of the other months.
The introduction to this story said, "...on Dec. 1, 1955, in Montgomery, Ala., Rosa Parks refused to move to the back of the bus and give up her seat to a white person." In fact, Parks was already sitting in the black section in the back of the bus when she refused to give up her seat.
Earlier Web versions of this story incorrectly suggested that J.C. Penney is "losing money."
In some versions of this story, we incorrectly said that George W. Bush won the 15 battleground states by 15 percent in 2004. The correct figure is 4 percentage points.
We referred to Gandhi as a "Cambridge-educated lawyer." He actually studied law at University College London.
The introduction to this story said it was about "a man who’s been locked up in a Supermax unit for eight years." Ernesto Lira is no longer in prison.
We incorrectly located "GM's Hummer Driving Academy" in Fort Wayne, Ind. In fact, the Hummer Driving Academy is near South Bend, and it is owned and run by AM General, not GM.
The story described a 47-year-old businessman making $40,000 a year and said, "As long as he goes without insurance, the state penalizes him. At tax time he’ll get a $900 fine." According to the state of Massachusetts, someone fitting that description would be eligible for a waiver of the penalty.
An earlier Web version of this story incorrectly attributed an SEC official's comments to Inspections Director Lori Richards. The comments actually were made by Enforcement Division Director Linda Chatman Thomsen.
Our translation of the Turkish at the beginning of the story was incorrect. In the excerpt we included, the boy is yelling, "Help for Gaza."
We incorrectly identified an audio excerpt at the beginning of this interview. We said it was "the general manager of the Indianapolis Colts, introducing his team's coach just after a Super Bowl victory in 2007." In fact the excerpt we played was of local sportscaster Bob Lamey.
In some broadcasts, we said that "Sen. Kerry may go [to Syria] in the near future." In fact, he has already returned from Syria.
In the audio version of this story and in an earlier print version, we said, "Doug Philips, the festival's organizer, told the audience they were drawing the Maginot line in the culture wars." While Mr. Philips made the "Maginot line" reference in an interview, he did not use that metaphor in his public appearance.
In the interview, we said, "Well, it was the National Organization for Women, I believe, who first raised this idea of [the beheading] being an honor killing." It was Marcia Pappas, the president of the New York State chapter of NOW, who raised the issue.
An earlier Web version of this story incorrectly said the amount of retail space per capita in the U.S. is "three times more than [in] any other country." It would have been more accurate to say that the U.S. has more retail space per person than any other country.
In some broadcasts and in an earlier Web version of this commentary, we referred to Janette Kurie as director of behavioral medicine education at "Penn State Good Samaritan Hospital in Lebanon, Pa." The Good Samaritan Hospital and The Pennsylvania State University are separate organizations.
In some broadcasts, we referred to a page in Darwin's "original Notebook M." It was actually in Notebook N.
In the introduction to this story, we mistakenly identified the person under investigation as "Ronald Allen Stanford." His first name is Robert.
We said, "[U]nlike the Kindle, the Sony reader has an open platform which allows users to download books from multiple sources." In fact, Kindle supports a wide variety of formats, and its e-books can also be downloaded from various sources.
We said, "It’s been more than 30 years since anyone broke out of the disciplinary barracks." In fact, several people have escaped from Fort Leavenworth since 1991.
In some broadcasts, we referred to Malcolm Hoenlein as CEO of the Conference of Presidents of Major American Jewish Organizations. He is actually the organization's executive vice chairman.
The introduction to this story referred to "chips that are 32 nanometers across, or about 1 millionth of an inch." While the microprocessors are called "32-nanometer chips," the measurement refers to the size of the chip's transistors.
We incorrectly referred to the former first lady as "Patricia Nixon." In fact, her given name was Thelma, and she was referred to as Pat.
A previous version of this story stated that Radiohead has never been nominated for Album of the Year before. In fact, the band was nominated in 1998 for "OK Computer" and in 2001 for "Kid A."
We said, "[Former 'Washington Post' correspondent Peter] Osnos points to NPR’s growth based on revenue from foundations, contributions from listeners, and corporate underwriting or ads." In fact, listeners do not contribute directly to NPR but to their local stations, which in turn pay fees to NPR for its programming.
An earlier version of this story contained a now-retracted statement from Roya Boroumand that many people charged with crimes such as drug dealing are political prisoners falsely accused to validate executions.
In the interview, we say "[Desi Arnaz] developed the three-camera technique that we use today to film television shows." Actually, Arnaz hired cinematographer Karl Freund, who perfected the three-camera technique for capturing live performances.
We incorrectly said that the Emancipation Proclamation was signed in 1864. It was actually signed on Jan. 1, 1863.
The story said that Amadou Diallo "had been shot 41 times by New York police officers." While the police fired 41 rounds, Diallo was shot 19 times.
The introduction to the audio version of this story said that the snake's vertebrae were found "in the rainforests of Colombia." In fact, the area where the bones were found is no longer a rainforest, although it was when the snake was alive, millions of years ago.
We incorrectly said that Nancy Killefer stepped aside although she "did not need Senate confirmation." In fact, her nomination as deputy director at the Office of Management and Budget would have been subject to confirmation by the Senate.
In some broadcasts, we followed this report with a story that incorrectly said that the Senate had passed a health care bill "that would cover more than 4 million uninsured children." The bill actually would cover an additional 4 million children. The correct total is 11 million.
The audio for this story contains an error. Starbucks says the decaf plan is not related to a $50 million cost-savings effort.
An earlier Web version of this story incorrectly identified Martin Scorsese as the director of the "Thriller" video. In fact, the director was John Landis.
According to the Transportation Security Administration, nail clippers are not banned on flights, as reported.
We described Laura Bateson as "taking a smoke break outside her soon-to-be former place of employment." She is not a smoker.
The story said that the Constitution "originally counted a black man as three-fifths of a person." In fact, the three-fifths rule applied only to slaves, not to free blacks.
In some versions of this story we said that no president had chosen to affirm, rather than swear, the oath of office. In fact, Franklin Pierce did affirm the oath when he was inaugurated in 1853.
In referring to President Clinton's pardon of financier Marc Rich, we said, "Rich was a huge Clinton donor." In fact, it was Rich's ex-wife who donated more than $1 million to Democratic causes, including the Clinton Presidential Library.
In the introduction to this interview, we referred to "President Obama" instead of President-elect Obama.
Some versions of this story referred to Neukoelln as a "suburb" of Berlin. It's actually one of Berlin's 12 boroughs.
The story said, "The show’s car of the year went to the Hyundai Genesis." In fact, the North American Car of the Year award is made by a panel of automotive journalists, not by the Detroit auto show.
The interview described a scene in the film "The Visitor" involving a "Senegalese drummer." The drummer in the movie was actually Syrian.
An earlier online version of this story indicated that 'Parish Bar' was Jeb Loy Nichols' first album as a singer-songwriter. In fact, the musician has recorded previous albums as a singer-songwriter.
Some versions of this story said that the TV show "The Prisoner" opened with McGoohan driving a Formula One race car. In fact, the car was a Lotus Seven.
The story described Patrick McGoohan as "British-born." In fact, he was born in the New York borough of Queens.
In some versions of this interview, we incorrectly identified the owner of the Philadelphia Eagles as Phil Braman. His name is Norman Braman.
The audio version of this story, as well as earlier Web versions, overstated the number of inmates the prison under construction at Bagram Air Base can hold. The correct figure is 1,000.
A previous version of this story misspelled Cao's first name.
Some versions of this story implied that Regan and Goneril were characters in Shakespeare's play "Twelfth Night." They are actually in "King Lear."
We incorrectly said that Illinois voters could recall Gov. Blagojevich. The Illinois Constitution does not have a recall provision.
We incorrectly said that Congressman Aaron Shock was from Colorado. He actually represents Illinois' 18th District.
The story incorrectly identified New Mexico's speaker of the House as Manuel Lujan. His name is Ben Lujan.
The audio version of this story incorrectly said that 1968 was the year "man landed on the moon." The first moon landing actually took place on July 20, 1969.
Some versions of this story incorrectly said that the Web site Joost "was started by CBS and Viacom."
In the broadcast version of this story, we refer to Sally Hodgkinson, deputy assistant secretary of defense for detainee issues. Her name is Sandy Hodgkinson.
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