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Bowl Might Not Be So Super For City's Bottom Line

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Bowl Might Not Be So Super For City's Bottom Line


Bowl Might Not Be So Super For City's Bottom Line

Bowl Might Not Be So Super For City's Bottom Line

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  • <iframe src="" width="100%" height="290" frameborder="0" scrolling="no" title="NPR embedded audio player">
  • Transcript

With a faltering economy, expectations for the revenue generated from this year's Super Bowl have been lower than usual. But maybe all the assumptions about how much the Super Bowl generates for its host city need to be questioned.


This is Weekend Edition from NPR News. I'm Liane Hansen. It's Super Bowl Sunday. And with the nation's faltering economy, Tampa was looking forward to at least a small lift. The really pretty good, but not quite great bowl, you might call it. But NPR's Mike Pesca reports that maybe all those assumptions about how much money the Super Bowl generates need to be questioned.

MIKE PESCA: Bern's Steak House, the Rhone room. Dining in one corner is the staff of "The Today Show." In another room, the coach of the Tennessee Titans. Even a few Arizona Cardinals have been spotted here this week. Joseph Donoian manages the front of house of Bern's.

Mr. JOSEPH DONOIAN (Dining Room Manger, Bern's Steak House): Friday and Saturday coming up, we will do numbers close to a typical New Year's Eve, over a thousand dinners here.

PESCA: Donoian leads me back to the kitchen, where it seems a good time to point out that when it comes to the often quoted estimates as to how much the Super Bowl is worth, the numbers are often more sizzle than steak.

Professor PHILIP PORTER (Economist, University of South Florida): Every time we look back at the historical records and try to find some measure of what could possibly be economic impact, we've come up baffled that it just never shows up.

PESCA: Philip Porter, an economist at the University of South Florida, has been called by his detractors the most pessimistic man in sports. He says, the Super Bowl doesn't generate any money for the host city. That's slightly less than the estimate offered by Reid Sigmon, executive director of this year's Super Bowl host committee.

Mr. REID SIGMON (Executive Director, 2009 Super Bowl Host Committee): We have talked about based on previews estimates we have used for about two years a number of $300 million.

PESCA: Last week, PricewaterhouseCoopers released a report saying a tough economy would mean that the Super Bowl would only generate half that. Porter thinks half of crazy is still crazy. His methods are straight forward. He doesn't rely on estimates. He waits a few months and examines the very detailed record of taxable sales - everything bought in a community during the month the Super Bowl takes place. He then compares it to the same month one year before and one year after. He never sees a difference. What about the studies that show a hundred thousand people spending hundreds of million dollars in a Super Bowl city? Porter says it's the same mistake over and over. Those studies only report gross impact.

Prof. PORTER: That is these people spent this money and it created this benefit, but we didn't get to count all the people that we've lost or all the people that would have been here otherwise.

PESCA: You always hear chambers of commerce or politicians bragging about full hotels, but in Tampa in January, hotels usually are 85 percent occupied. But, Professor Porter, what about the record-setting weekend they were expecting at Bern's?

Prof. PORTER: Maybe not Bern's because there's always going to be a shift in the nature of the expenditures. If you want to go to one of our nude bars around the stadium, we're very famous for that. You're going to find it hard to get in because this brings a certain demographic. But if you wanted to go to Lowry Park Zoo or to the Museum of Science and Industry or Busch Gardens, you're going to find the traffic there is considerably down over this weekend.

PESCA: Also down compared to past Super Bowls or the price these tickets are getting on the resell market. Here in Tampa, a few major parties were canceled, including Playboy's. This has created a bunny diaspora with different playmates forced to appear at the dozens of other parties that have sprung up in its place. Last night, there were still limos available. Renting a Hummer for the night would set you back $1,100. I asked the owner of the limo company if things were better when Tampa last hosted the Super Bowl in 2001. Oh, way worse, he said, but better than he feared. Then he told me to call back if I still wanted a limo. Mike Pesca, NPR News Tampa, Florida.

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Will The Super Bowl Stay 'Super'?

Houston Oilers quarterback Warren Moon shares the halftime stage with Minnie Mouse at the 1991 Super Bowl in Tampa, which is also hosting the game this year. The game is known for its glitzy halftime shows, but can such displays endure? Al Messerschmidt/Getty Images hide caption

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Al Messerschmidt/Getty Images

Houston Oilers quarterback Warren Moon shares the halftime stage with Minnie Mouse at the 1991 Super Bowl in Tampa, which is also hosting the game this year. The game is known for its glitzy halftime shows, but can such displays endure?

Al Messerschmidt/Getty Images

Live Chat:
Everything But The Game

Monday, Feb. 2, at 11 A.M. Eastern
on Monkey See

Bob Garfield, Ad Age columnist and co-host of On the Media, joins Monkey See blogger Linda Holmes for some Monday Morning pop-culture quarterbacking. The ads, the show, the malfunctions — chime in as we take apart one of the year's biggest media weekends.

Will Super Bowl XLIII be the end of the game as we know it?

Not as far-fetched a question as you might think. There is something so last century about the extreme excess that is the Super Bowl. At a time when many Americans have to choose between groceries and gasoline, the idea of paying a grown man $78,000 for playing on the winning football team (in addition to the millions he is already hauling in) makes the executives of Bank of America look like pikers.

Sure, the NFL's premier game — played in Tampa this year between the Arizona Cardinals and the Pittsburgh Steelers — is sold out. Sure, millions of people will be watching the hours-long sporting contest on Sunday. And sure, companies who advertised during past Super Bowls have reported an increase in customer awareness.

But here and there are signs of decay and stress in the mega-event's infrastructure. Poke around a little and you find telltale clues that the Super Bowl may not stay super forever.

The auditing firm PricewaterhouseCoopers issued a Super Bowl outlook in January predicting that the ailing economy will result in "fewer visitors and media, a shorter average length of stay per visitor, and less spending in the hospitality and related industries throughout the Tampa Bay area."

A spokesman for the company added, "Based on the number of this year's Super Bowl-related events which have either been canceled or where cutbacks have been announced, it is clear that businesses have found it difficult to ignore their more immediate operating uncertainties and investor demands — even at the expense of one of America's most popular events."

Other signs of the event's troubles abound: Usually free-spending major advertisers— such as U.S. automakers and financial institutions — are in dire financial straits, sports-marketing and sports-sponsorship growth is virtually flat and the NFL itself is laying off staff members.

And if you need more evidence, Playboy and Sports Illustrated have canceled their Super Bowl soirees this year. Maxim magazine has trimmed back its party plans. And the Tampa Tribune is reporting that corporate jet traffic may be less than expected.

"No one is immune from the economy," said Reid Sigmon, the Super Bowl host committee's executive director, "not [even] the NFL."

Trouble In Adland

On TV, the Super Bowl not only pits the season's two best teams against each other; it traditionally showcases the latest, most creative national advertising campaigns. Over the years, Super Bowl advertising has taken on a life of its own, spawning theories and books and TV specials.

The NFL is guaranteed huge bucks — some $3.7 billion a year — from the networks through 2010. But the future is unclear as media become more fractured and fragmented by new developments such as cable TV and the Internet. Will the money still be there in the strange new media landscape?

The Super Bowl is perhaps the last bastion of massiveness. Nowhere else can a company get its message out to so many millions of people in 30 seconds at the bargain price of $3 million — the going rate for this year's game.

Nevertheless, this year there is a definite chill in the advertising air. Noticeably absent from the latest list of Super Bowl sponsors: the omnipresent FedEx and, even more significant, any U.S. automaker. Not even GM, whose recent earnings have sunk — like a rock.

Are these visual cues that the Super Bowl has been affected by a flailing economy? "Absolutely," says Brian Steinberg, who writes about TV marketing for Ad Age. He points out that NBC, the network that is showing the Super Bowl this year, has reportedly had some difficulty selling all of its ad slots.

It's also worth noting, Steinberg adds, "There aren't a lot of financial advertisers or fast-food advertisers on the list."

And to take the whole idea of excess to the extreme, Ad Age is reporting that a Miller High Life ad during the Super Bowl will make fun of Anheuser-Busch's extravagant Super Bowl spending.

Market Malaise

Across the board, professional sports franchises are feeling the financial pinch. Major League Baseball attendance was down in 2008. The LPGA schedule for 2009 includes three fewer events than last year. The Arena Football League canceled its 2009 season because of money troubles. Certain NASCAR teams have scaled back. The NBA front office has announced layoffs. The NHL is in a hiring freeze.

In the way that people speak of "peak oil," is it possible we have seen "peak pro sports"?

Even the almighty NFL is being thrown for a loss. Individual teams are paring payrolls. The Cleveland Browns, Washington Redskins and other front offices have laid off staff members. reports that the snakebit Detroit Lions franchise is losing money.

The Forbes Web site also reports that overall attendance at pro football games was down in 2008, compared with the year before. And most of those tickets were bought before the economy went south. "We're concerned about next year's attendance," NFL spokesman Brian McCarthy told

The league's brass says that spring ticket sales will set the future course for the NFL. And officials are expecting that sales could be lower than last year. Commissioner Roger Goodell announced in December that the NFL was laying off 150 employees, more than 10 percent of its staff, because of anticipated loss of revenue.

"These are difficult and painful steps," Goodell wrote in a memo. "But they are necessary in the current economic environment. I would like to be able to report that we are immune to the troubles around us, but we are not."

The Game's The Thing

On Sunday, more than 70,000 people will pack Raymond James Stadium, and gazillions of others will be watching around the world. It's hard to believe that such a spectacle will not go on year after year.

But some longtime observers question the future of such extravagance. "I believe that continued national and global economic pressures on companies and travelers would impact next year's game in the same negative way that it would impact other spending throughout the travel and entertainment industry," says Robert Canton, director of PricewaterhouseCoopers' Hospitality and Leisure practice.

But, Canton adds, an interesting story line — such as the New England Patriots' quest for a perfect season, which ended with a loss in last year's game, or when two major-market teams meet — can boost interest in the event and "potentially offset some of the negative impact of a down economy."

Matt Gaventa, former editor of the SportsMediaWatch Web site, agrees. In 2006 he wrote about the necessity of a strong, dramatic narrative for a Super Bowl to be successful. Eventually, he says, hype and hoopla just don't cut it.

"How much more excess could there be?" he asks today. "How much more could be crammed in? What you see are iterations of the same five story lines — in attempts to build up that hype to the same level. Sometimes that works, and sometimes you have the Cardinals and nobody cares."

These days, he says, "the country seems more interested in the political arena" than in a professional sports contest.

But in sports bars all across the country, fans will be debating the game and asking hypothetical questions. Suppose in the future there is not an interesting story line for the Super Bowl? Suppose small-market teams, the kind that don't naturally draw large followings, play each other? What if the economy continues its downward spiral? And large corporations cannot afford to spend $3 million for a commercial spot? And ticket sales fall? And players are forced to take pay cuts? And they strike instead of playing? Or fans get fed up with the outsize salaries and opulent lifestyles of the players?

Will the Super Bowl morph back into a sparer version, like in the early days when college marching bands — instead of Bruce Springsteen — headlined the half-time show?

Such questions are outrageous and sensational, but in these harsh economic times, we have seen more than one apparently wildly successful enterprise fail spectacularly.

Besides, what is the Super Bowl without hyperbole?

The Associated Press contributed to this report.