Vatican & The Holocaust NPR's Lynn Neary reports on the Vatican's release today of a promised document that addresses the actions of the church during the Holocaust. The document conceeds "errors and failures" on the part of "many Christians" as Nazi Germany tried to exterminate the Jews during World War Two. But it defends the wartime Pope, Pius the Twelfth. The document does NOT apologize for what critics say was his silence as the Holocaust unfolded. Some Jewish leaders have reacted with disappointment, saying the document falls far short of earlier ones issued by Roman Catholic church leaders in France and Germany.