NPR logo U.S. Officials Charge Hezbollah Involvement in Iraq


U.S. Officials Charge Hezbollah Involvement in Iraq

Brig. Gen. Kevin J. Bergner, Multi-National Force-Iraq spokesperson alleged that Iran is using the Lebanese group Hezbollah as a "proxy" to arm Shiite militants in Iraq. Chris Hondros/Getty Images hide caption

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Chris Hondros/Getty Images

U.S. accusations of Iranian involvement in the Iraq war spiraled Monday when an American general said Iran used its Lebanese ally, the Shiite militia Hezbollah, to arm Shiite militants in Iraq.

U.S. military spokesman Brig. Gen. Kevin J. Bergner said Iranian forces helped plan a January raid in which posed as an American security team and launched an attack that killed five U.S. soldiers.

The claims were an escalation in U.S. finger pointing that Iran is fueling Iraq's violence, which the government in Tehran has denied.

It was also the first time the U.S. military has said Hezbollah has a direct role, which, if true, would bring a dangerous new player into the Iraq conflict.

Hezbollah has denied any activities in Iraq, saying it operates only in Lebanon.

Bergner said a senior Lebanese Hezbollah operative, Ali Mussa Dakdouk, was captured March 20 in southern Iraq. Dakdouk, a 24-year veteran of Hezbollah, was sent to Lebanon "as a surrogate for the Iranian Quds Force" to finance and arm militant cells to carry out attacks on U.S. and Iraqi troops, he said.

The goal was to organize militants "in ways that mirrored how Hezbollah was organized in Lebanon," Bergner said.

Hezbollah is one of the region's most disciplined and sophisticated militant groups, able to fight Israel's military to a near standstill in a war last summer.

The general also said that Dakdouk was a liaison between the Iranians and a breakaway Shiite group led by Qais al-Khazaali, a former spokesman for cleric Muqtada al-Sadr. Bergner said al-Kazaali's group carried out the January attack against a provincial government building in Karbala and that the Iranians assisted in preparations. Al-Khazaali and his brother Ali al-Khazaali were captured with Dakdouk.

Dakdouk told U.S. interrogators that the Karbala attackers "could not have conducted this complex operation without the support and direction of the Quds force," Bergner said.

Documents captured with al-Khazaali showed that the Quds Force had developed detailed information on the U.S. position at the government building, "regarding our soldiers' activities, shift changes and defenses, and this information was shared with the attackers," Bergner said.

The Karbala attack was one of the boldest and most sophisticated against U.S. forces in four years of fighting in Iraq, and U.S. officials at the time suggested Iran may have had a role in it.

In the assault, up to a dozen gunmen posed as an American security team, with U.S. military combat fatigues, allowing them to pass checkpoints into the government compound, where they launched the attack. One U.S. soldier was killed in the initial assault, and the militants abducted four others who were later found shot to death.

On Monday, the U.S. military reported the deaths of five U.S. service members killed in fighting a day earlier, including two soldiers who died in attacks in Baghdad and two soldiers and a Marine who died in fighting in western Anbar province.

The deaths brought to 3,582 the number of members of the U.S. military who have died since the beginning of the Iraq war in March 2003.

The new accusations against Iran raise tensions between the two countries as Iraq is trying to organize a second round of direct talks between U.S. and Iranian officials in Baghdad. The U.S.-backed, Shiite-led Iraqi government, which has close ties to Iran, is pushing the two to ease their disputes to help reduce Iraq's turmoil, but a February meeting between the two sides made little headway.

Bergner said Iraqi extremists were taken to Iran in groups of 20 to 60 for training in three camps "not too far from Tehran." When they returned to Iraq, they formed units to carry out attacks, bombings and kidnappings.

"Our intelligence reveals that the senior leadership in Iran is aware of this activity," he said. He said it would be "hard to imagine" that Iran's supreme leader Ayatollah Ali Khamenei was unaware of the activity.

Hezbollah spokesmen in Lebanon said they were checking into the claims Dakdouk was a member of the group and would not comment. The group has in the past denied any activities in Iraq.

From The Associated Press