Al-Qaida in Iraq Figure in Custody

U.S. authorities say they are holding the highest-ranking Iraqi in the leadership of al-Qaida in Iraq. Khaled Abdul-Fattah Dawoud Mahmoud al-Mashhadani, also known as Abu Shahid, was captured July 4.

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LINDA WERTHEIMER, host:

Now we go to Iraq, where the U.S. military says a senior al-Qaida operative is in U.S. custody. Described as the most senior Iraqi in the Sunni Islamic al-Qaida in Iraq organization, he was captured in Mosul on July 4th.

General KEVIN BERGNER (U.S. Army): He served as the al-Qaida media emir for all of Iraq and served as an intermediary between AQI leader al-Masri, Osama bin Laden and Ayman al-Zawahiri.

WERTHEIMER: That was General Kevin Bergner, a spokesman for the U.S. military in Iraq. For more, we go now to NPR's John Burnet who's in Baghdad. John, who is this person?

JOHN BURNETT: Linda, he's Khalid al-Mashadani. He's a Baghdad resident, as you said, who they identified as the senior Iraqi in al-Qaida in Iraq, the media emir. I guess he's sort of al-Qaida's and Iraq's equivalent to General Bergner as the commander of spin.

WERTHEIMER: If he a significant a person as the U.S. military says he is?

BURNETT: Well, he's not a tactical commander or anything like that. What the U.S. military authorities say about Mashadani is that, last year, he created a bogus-front organization called the Islamic State of Iraq, which has its own Web site. And along with the front organization, they say that Mashadani created a fictitious leader of the Islamic State of Iraq, a guy named Umar al-Baghdadi who's actually an actor and not part of the organization at all.

WERTHEIMER: He was captured, Mashadani was, almost two weeks ago. Why are we just hearing about it now?

BURNETT: Well, it's hard to say. I mean, obviously, they've been interrogating him. And they presented the results of that interrogation to the journalists today in Baghdad. But the main talking point here was the same drumbeat that we heard at last week's press conference with General Bergner. It's all about al-Qaida. They want to make abundantly clear to the American public that that's public enemy number one here in Iraq. And to that end, the message today was that the senior leadership of al-Qaida in Iraq are actually the foreign leaders of al-Qaida believed to be headquartered in Pakistan. And he even went so far as to say that these foreign leaders were directing the big bombings that we've seen here in Iraq.

WERTHEIMER: And do you have any other evidence that may be true, that al-Qaida's senior foreign leadership is specifically directing events in Iraq?

BURNETT: Well, the White House and the military spokespersons want us to believe that. When pressed by reporters today, General Bergner could give no specific examples and actually acknowledged that the rank-and-file of al-Qaida in Iraq continued to be largely Iraqis themselves.

WERTHEIMER: For example, did they say anything about al-Qaida in Iraq having anything to do with one of the deadliest attacks in the north since the beginning of the war, Monday's truck bombing in Kirkuk, more than 85 people died?

BURNETT: It's an interesting point, and it really gets to the dark art of who done it. That's part of life in wartime Iraq. And it's also an indication of how sketchy and imprecise that can be trying to decipher who it is that carried out these horrific bombings.

So at the press conference today, General Bergner, as well as a Navy rear admiral afterwards, they both attributed those bombings in Kirkuk to al-Qaida in Iraq simply because of the spectacular, headline-grabbing nature of them.

But it's interesting because earlier this week there was a deputy commanding general named Ed Cardon who told me something completely different. He said, jumping to conclusions in Iraq is always dangerous. You cannot assume it's a Sunni bombing. In the case of Kirkuk, who said it could be sectarian violence between Shias and Kurds, it could be outright thuggery. But in this political climate, the White House and their military spokesmen in Baghdad tend to blame al-Qaida for nearly all the violence over here.

WERTHEIMER: NPR's John Burnett in Baghdad. Thanks very much, John.

BURNETT: My pleasure, Linda.

WERTHEIMER: Today, the U.S. military announced the capture of a man described as a senior al-Qaida operative.

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U.S. Says Iraqi Leader of Al-Qaida in Iraq in Custody

Audio is not available

Arrested al-Qaida leader Khaled Abdul-Fattah Dawoud Mahmoud al-Mashhadani told interrogators that Osama bin Laden's inner circle wields considerable influence over the Iraqi group that he commanded, U.S. officials said Wednesday.

Al-Mashhadani is the highest-ranking Iraqi leader in al-Qaida in Iraq. He was captured in Mosul on July 4.

He carried messages from bin Laden, and his deputy Ayman al-Zawahri, to the Egyptian-born head of al-Qaida in Iraq, Abu Ayub al-Masri, according to Brig. Gen. Kevin Bergner, a military spokesman.

"Communication between the senior al-Qaida leadership and al-Masri frequently went through al-Mashhadani," Bergner said. "There is a clear connection between al-Qaida in Iraq and al-Qaida senior leadership outside Iraq."

The relationship between the two groups has been the subject of debate. Some private analysts believe the foreign-based leadership plays a minor role in day-to-day operations.

Some have suggested that linking al-Qaida in Iraq to bin Laden is simply an attempt to justify the war in Iraq as an extension of the global conflict that began with the Sept. 11, 2001, terror attacks.

But the U.S. military has insisted that there are links between the local al-Qaida group and the bin Laden group, and has released intercepted letters from time to time, suggesting that foreign-based leaders provide at least broad direction.

Bergner said al-Mashhadani, also known as Abu Shahid, had told interrogators that al-Qaida leaders outside the country "continue to provide directions, they continue to provide a focus for operations, they continue to flow foreign fighters into Iraq."

In the latest violence in Iraq, a series of roadside bombs exploded early Wednesday in separate areas of east Baghdad, killing 11 people and wounding more than a dozen, police said. The U.S. military reported three more American soldiers had died in action in the Iraqi capital.

Bergner said that al-Mashhadani and al-Masri had used an Iraqi actor to put a local stamp on their foreign-run organization, by co-founding "a virtual organization in cyberspace called the Islamic State of Iraq in 2006."

In Internet postings, the Islamic State of Iraq has identified its leader as Abu Omar al-Baghdadi, a name indicating Iraqi origin, with the Egyptian al-Masri as minister of war. There are no known photos of al-Baghdadi.

Bergner said al-Mashhadani had told interrogators that al-Baghdadi is a "fictional role" created by al-Masri and that an actor with an Iraqi accent is used for audio recordings of speeches posted on the Web.

"In his words, the Islamic State of Iraq is a front organization that masks the foreign influence and leadership within al-Qaida in Iraq in an attempt to put an Iraqi face on the leadership of al-Qaida in Iraq," Bergner said.

He said al-Mashhadani was a leader of the militant Ansar al-Sunnah group before joining al-Qaida in Iraq 2 1/2 years ago. Al-Mashhadani served as the al-Qaida media chief for Baghdad and then was appointed the media chief for the whole country.

Al-Qaida in Iraq was proclaimed in 2004 by Jordanian-born Abu Musab al-Zarqawi, who led a group called Tawhid and Jihad, responsible for the beheading of several foreign hostages whose final moments were captured on videotapes provided to Arab television stations.

Al-Zarqawi posted Web statements declaring his allegiance to bin Laden and began using the name of al-Qaida in Iraq. Al-Zarqawi was killed in a U.S. air strike in Diyala province in June 2006 and was replaced by al-Masri.

Death Toll Rises

The first of Wednesday's roadside blasts occurred about 7:30 a.m. near the Dhubat neighborhood, killing four civilians and wounding seven others, police said.

Two more blasts occurred two minutes apart in another area of eastern Baghdad, killing seven people and wounding seven, police said. The dead included two traffic policemen and five civilians, police said.

The policemen spoke on condition of anonymity because they were not authorized to release the information.

The three American soldiers were killed Tuesday in separate bombings in the capital, the U.S. command said.

Two were killed in west Baghdad and another died in an east Baghdad bombing, the military said. Four other Americans were wounded in the east Baghdad blast, the command said. Two insurgents responsible for the attack were identified, engaged and killed, the statement added.

Republican Senators Block Iraq Withdrawal Plan

Those latest deaths occurred as the U.S. Senate was in an all-night debate over pulling troops out of Iraq by April. But by Wednesday afternoon Senate Republicans had blocked the effort to bring U.S. troops home.

The 52-47 vote fell short of the 60 votes needed to cut off debate under Senate rules. It was a sound defeat for Democrats who say the U.S. military campaign – in its fifth year and requiring 158,000 troops — cannot quell the sectarian violence in Iraq.

"We have to get us out of a middle of a civil war," said Sen. Joseph Biden, D-Del., who also serves as chairman of the Foreign Relations Committee. A political solution must be found "so when we leave Iraq, we don't just send our children home, we don't have to send our grandchildren back."

As members cast their votes, Secretary of State Condoleezza Rice hurried between private meetings with lawmakers in their Capitol Hill offices to make the administration's case for the war.

Iraqis Call for Better Security and Services

Meanwhile, dozens of Baghdad residents joined a protest Wednesday in Firdous Square in central Baghdad to demand the government improve security and public services.

The demonstrators held Iraqi flags and banners, urging authorities to "stop mocking us" and to make its only goal "the protection of Iraqis."

"Our demands are not big ones. We need security, electricity and water," said Sheik Nihad al-Sharqawi. "The government has to ensure happiness and prosperity to every Iraqi citizen. Otherwise, it should step down."

From NPR reports and The Associated Press

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