Def Jam's 25th Anniversary: Songs We Love

Hear Def Jam Classics, With Commentary

Public Enemy in 1987; credit: David Corio/Redferns i i

Public Enemy in 1987. Left to right: Professor Griff, Chuck D, Terminator X and Flavor Flav. David Corio/Redferns hide caption

itoggle caption David Corio/Redferns
Public Enemy in 1987; credit: David Corio/Redferns

Public Enemy in 1987. Left to right: Professor Griff, Chuck D, Terminator X and Flavor Flav.

David Corio/Redferns

Frannie Kelley, NPR Music Def Jam's recent 25th-anniversary box set compiles some of the most amazing music released in my lifetime: Gorgeous, powerful and surprising, its songs still sound fresh. How did they even do that? I lived, for exactly one semester, in the same NYU dorm Rick Rubin did when he and Russell Simmons started Def Jam. Every day, I walked past the same guard station where Rubin once picked up demo tapes sent in by rap hopefuls after they heard T La Rock's "It's Yours" — including LL Cool J. My roommate had a DMX poster taped up on her side of the painted cinderblock walls; we would drink rum-and-Cokes with the most astonishing ratio of rum to Coke, and sing "Hard Knock Life" (Jay-Z's song, not the one from Annie). Needless to say, during that time, I did not create anything that would later be sold for $100 million. I did not sign Public Enemy.

Thankfully, Rubin and Simmons — and Jazzy Jay, Lyor Cohen, LA Reid, Jay-Z and all others who had a hand in the creation and continued success of the label — are very good at finding, producing, marketing and generally getting excellent music into the world. Just listen to these songs.

Def Jam's 25th Anniversary: Songs We Love

Cover for The Great Adventures of Slick Rick

Tanya Ballard Brown, NPR Digital News

  • Artist: Slick Rick
  • Album: The Great Adventures of Slick Rick
  • Song: Children's Story

My school bus was hype after rap music trickled down to us in the South. All the kids would learn the lyrics, and we'd recite them together at the bus stop and on the way to and from school. Neighborhood cliques didn't matter when we were on that bus, rapping and pretending we were The Sugar Hill Gang, The Fat Boys, Kool Moe Dee, Run DMC, LL Cool J or Salt-N-Pepa. Then The Get Fresh Crew introduced us to Doug E. Fresh and MC Ricky D, a.k.a. Slick Rick. To this day, I can recite all the lyrics to "The Show" and "La Di Da Di." In the late 1980s, when Rick recorded his solo album and the single "Children's Story" dropped, I was a teenager with a driver's license, but the familiar voice and storytelling style took me back to the bus stop. Its tale of caution about a kid on a crime spree ends like most bedtime stories -- with a nugget of wisdom: "This ain't funny, so don't you dare laugh. Just another case about the wrong path. Straight and narrow or your soul gets cast. Good night." Twenty years later, and Slick Rick's "Children's Story" is still knockin' 'em out the box.

Hear "Children's Story" by Slick Rick via YouTube

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Song
Children's Story
Album
The Great Adventures of Slick Rick
Artist
Slick Rick
Label
Def Jam

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Cover for Mama Said Knock You Out

Mike Katzif, NPR Music

  • Artist: LL Cool J
  • Album: Mama Said Knock You Out
  • Song: Mama Said Knock You Out

Considering I was only 9 when LL Cool J had already undergone his first reinvention with Mama Said Knock You Out, it's safe to say I didn't know much rap music when this album and its title track came out. But hearing the familiar opening lines -- "Don't call it a comeback / I been here for years / Rockin' my peers and puttin' suckas in fear" -- takes me back to Bar Mitzvah dance parties and watching MTV at friends' houses because my parents didn't have cable TV. As one of the first rappers I knew to cross over into acting, LL Cool J was less overtly political and safer than some of his peers. In 1990, following a dismal critical failure (1989's Walking With a Panther), the rapper had something to prove. The record marked the evolution of LL Cool J, thanks to Marley Marl's slick production and instrumental samples and LL's more complex sense of rhythm and rhyming. "Mama Said Knock You Out" takes LL back to his humorous wordplay, dishing out disses and hyping his image with swaggering yet often self-mocking lyrics. Still, the song is mostly about raucous attitude, especially in the memorable and still-funky rendition he performed on MTV's Unplugged.

Hear "Mama Said Knock You Out" by LL Cool J via YouTube

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Song
Mama Said Knock You Out
Album
Mama Said Knock You Out
Artist
LL Cool J
Label
Def Jam

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Cover for The Black Album

Patrick Jarenwattananon, NPR Music

  • Artist: Jay-Z
  • Album: The Black Album
  • Song: 99 Problems

He may still have one in him, but as it stands, here goes Jay-Z's last masterpiece. That first verse, so emphatically defiant; the second, an effortlessly rich parable; the final stanza, kind of an interpolation of an extended UGK quotation -- but, hey, it still works! Really, anything half as menacing would have ridden Rick Rubin's severe, thrashing beat to proper effect; Hov courteously brought his instant-quotation A-game for his label founder's return to rap. (A parenthetical moment for Rubin's cameo in the music video, all manner of fur-draped Lebowski sangfroid: a classy gesture on Jay's part, complete with an accompanying shout-out.) A separate aside is also reserved for Jay-Z's coy PR game about his then-rumored relationship with Beyonce Knowles (who, me? "girl problems"?), but this song really begins and ends with the mythos of Jay-Z. Its success finally won him unassailable superstardom, and his uncompromising agenda secured him 'hood love forever. Wouldn't you know it: Jay-Z's proclamations of greatness wound up a self-fulfilling prophecy.

Hear "99 Problems" by Jay-Z via YouTube

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Song
99 Problems
Album
The Black Album
Artist
Jay-Z
Label
Roc-A-Fella/Def Jam
Released
2007

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Cover for Licensed to Ill

Shereen Meraji, All Things Considered

  • Artist: Beastie Boys
  • Album: Licensed to Ill
  • Song: Brass Monkey

"I can't stand them... I think the name describes them very well, Beastie; they're beastie! I don't like that rap stuff, it's garbage. It just doesn't bring you a good feeling when you listen to it. They're American, unfortunately." That's my Iranian father's opinion of The Beastie Boys. He's much more of a British Invasion kind of guy, and considers all rap music a travesty of Americanism. I, on the other hand, loved The Beastie Boys. My very first cassette tape was Licensed to Ill, and I used to blast "Brass Monkey" and jump on my bed. I was an American girl trying to shake off the overbearing and controlling style of my immigrant parents -- one in particular. I wanted to listen to rap music, hang out with friends and wear Guess jeans! My rebellion came in small doses. On long car rides to visit family, my little brother and I would rap in the back seat and drive my father bonkers. I'm a grown woman now, but whenever I hear "Brass Monkey," I can't help but get down. This first-generation California girl is still longing to dwell in a castle in Brooklyn, and one day I will.

Hear "Brass Monkey" by The Beastie Boys via YouTube

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Song
Brass Monkey
Album
Licensed to Ill
Artist
Beastie Boys
Label
Def Jam
Released
2008

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Cover To Do The Right Thing

Keith Jenkins, NPR Supervising Senior Producer For Multimedia

  • Artist: Original Soundtrack
  • Album: Do the Right Thing [Soundtrack Bonus Tracks]
  • Song: Fight the Power by Public Enemy

Its opening lyrics burn it into our memories -- a time and place any of us who lived through it aren't likely to forget. "1989, the number, another summer"; the year when hip-hop solidified as the next new American music genre, led by Public Enemy. Music for me has always had visuals associated with it, so the sight of Rosie Perez dancing to "Fight The Power" over the credits to Spike Lee's Do the Right Thing transformed her into my technicolor Dorothy in Oz, leading us down the Brooklyn brownstone road to music's global, hip-hop future, where we all now live. But beyond the danceable, sampled beats, the lyrics had a message -- stand up, black man, and fight back. The song and the movie, after all, were set in the New York of the 1980's; the New York of Ed Koch and Al Sharpton; the New York of Howard Beach and Tawana Brawley. And, unlike in the '60s, the message was not one of non-violence; it was one of taking it to the streets and getting what you deserve. "Fight the Power" became the anthem for the civil-rights movement of 1989, and Do the Right Thing was its vehicle. As a journalist in the '80s, I photographed Spike Lee and spent time in Queens talking to folks outside a "certain" pizzeria. But nothing from that time is as vivid as the memory of this song and how it seemed to galvanize worldwide societal change in an instant. "Fear of a Black Planet" indeed! 1989, a number, but not just another summer.

Hear "Fight The Power" by Public Enemy via YouTube

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Song
Fight the Power by Public Enemy
Album
Do the Right Thing [Soundtrack Bonus Tracks]
Artist
Original Soundtrack
Label
Motown
Released
2001

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Amy Schriefer, NPR Music

  • Artist: Method Man/Mary J. Blige
  • Album: I'll Be There For You [EP]
  • Song: I'll Be There for You/You're All I Need to Get By [Puff Daddy Mix]

Take Method Man's "All I Need" (from his debut album, Tical), add a gorgeous vocal of Mary J. Blige covering Marvin Gaye and Tammi Terrell's 1968 classic "You're All I Need to Get By," and then ask Puff Daddy to mix in a sample of The Notorious B.I.G.'s "Me & My Bitch," and you've got the quintessential hip-hop love song of the '90s. While the original Gaye/Terrell duet is fraught with passion and urgency, the Method Man/Blige rendition portrays a straightforward, matter-of-fact kind of love; a love in which the claim "We can make war or make babies together" is delivered as fact, not sentiment. In the video, Method Man and Blige sit side-by-side, nodding their heads in unison with the beat and each other. It's a realistic concept of a loving partnership to which I can relate.

Hear "I'll Be There For You/You're All I Need To Get By (The Puff Daddy Mix)" by Method Man and Mary J. Blige via YouTube

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Song
I'll Be There for You/You're All I Need to Get By [Puff Daddy Mix]
Album
I'll Be There For You [EP]
Artist
Method Man/Mary J. Blige
Label
Def Jam
Released
1995

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Cover To Back for the First Time

Neda Ulaby, NPR Arts Desk Reporter

  • Artist: Ludacris
  • Album: Back for the First Time
  • Song: Southern Hospitality

One of my very first pieces for NPR was for a series about American cultural icons, and to my chagrin, I was assigned a piece on overalls. But it gave me a chance to sneak Ludacris' "Southern Hospitality" into Morning Edition, thanks to the lyrics, "Overall country, overall cheese, overall Georgia; we overall clean." Throughout the song, Ludacris exuberantly refracts the trappings of both Southern and hip-hop mythology, using the happy prism of sex and the darker mirror of history. Tucked among the bravado and florid boasting are references to silencing, to sweat and disenfranchisement, to a legacy of poverty, misogyny and violence. Like the lemonade he references -- the very essence of Southern hospitality distilled in a frosty drink -- "Southern Hospitality" revels in a clash of sensations, sweet and sour in symphony.

Hear "Southern Hospitality" by Ludacris ft. Pharrell via YouTube

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Song
Southern Hospitality
Album
Back for the First Time
Artist
Ludacris
Label
Def Jam South
Released
2000

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Cover To Port of Miami

Jess Gitner, NPR Music

  • Artist: Rick Ross
  • Album: Port of Miami
  • Song: Hustlin'

This is not a dance song -- this is a fight song.  From the very first note, Rick Ross is nipping at your heels, yet he's able to deliver his lyrics with a calmness that underplays his aggression. I first heard "Hustlin' " in 2006, when it appeared in the Georgetown Hoyas' pre-game warmup.  Ever since, it's been part of my warmup, integral in putting on my game face. Ross' Mafioso-style lyrics are heavy with drug-trafficking allusions, but that's not where "Hustlin' " gathers its momentum.  It's all in the hook.  I've caught myself on multiple occasions uttering those words -- "Everyday I'm hustlin' " -- in an embarrassingly deep voice.  From the synthetic snare drum to the quivering organ chords, the song is menacing.  If you want to get a little meaner, if only for a moment, give "Hustlin' " a listen.  It will make you bare your teeth, in a good way.

Hear "Hustlin'" by Rick Ross via YouTube

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Song
Hustlin'
Album
Port of Miami
Artist
Rick Ross
Label
Mercury
Released
2006

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Cover for College Dropout

Sam Sanders, NPR Kroc Fellow

  • Artist: Kanye West
  • Album: College Dropout
  • Song: Jesus Walks

Kanye West's "Jesus Walks" was more than just a showcase for his superhuman production and refreshingly introspective lyrics. For an awkward Pentecostal black kid like myself, all of The College Dropout was an anthem, with "Jesus Walks" perfectly explaining the dilemma of being spiritual without the religiosity of your parents, and the rest of the disc justifying being black while also being somewhat of a nerd. I felt West wrote "Jesus Walks" just for me, the child of a church organist who would sneak rap CDs home under his crisply ironed polo shirts. We end the decade with West at a low point, but re-listening to "Jesus Walks," you realize why he's such a big deal. His out-of-the-box, thinking-man's hip-hop helped make it possible to love rap without the baggy jeans, or the feigned gun-play, or the testosterone-overdose swagger. And, with this song in particular, he made it okay to like rap and Jesus at the same time.

Hear "Jesus Walks" by Kanye West via YouTube

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Song
Jesus Walks
Album
College Dropout
Artist
Kanye West
Label
Mercury
Released
2004

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Cover for Unleash the Dragon

Laurenellen McCann, NPR Digital Arts

  • Artist: Sisqó
  • Album: Unleash the Dragon
  • Song: Thong Song

When I first heard "The Thong Song," I was too overwhelmed by what "dumps" could possibly mean to really appreciate the music. "She had dumps like a truck, truck, truck? Thighs like what, what, what?" At the age of 10, it sounded like a mysterious code for things I wasn't sure I wanted to know about. Although I still haven't deciphered all the lyrics -- does anyone know what, exactly, she had thighs like? -- I've since discovered how to enjoy SisQo's booty-bumping epic: Give up and appreciate the butt. Every second of the silly orchestral samples and sexy pant-a-pella percussion exists only to underscore just how very, very much SisQo loves the ass. (Heck, the video had pyrotechnics.) "The Thong Song" may not be subtle or even coherent, but you have to give it points for enthusiasm.

Hear "The Thong Song" by SisQo via YouTube

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Song
Thong Song
Album
Unleash the Dragon
Artist
Sisqó
Label
Def Soul
Released
1999

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Purchase Featured Music

Def Jam Recordings 25th Anniversary

Purchase Music

Purchase Featured Music

Album
Def Jam Recordings 25th Anniversary
Artist
Various Artists
Label
Def Jam
Released
2009

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