Millions of viewers watch television shows at the Internet video site Hulu each month, yet these viewers are not counted in the traditional Nielsen television ratings.
Millions of viewers watch television shows at the Internet video site Hulu each month, yet these viewers are not counted in the traditional Nielsen television ratings. Hulu
You may think of your favorite TV show as a source of diversion and entertainment, but for the TV network, its real purpose is to deliver your eyeballs to commercials. There's a lot at stake — $70 billion a year is spent on TV advertising. And all of that money is spent based on data from one company: Nielsen.
In addition to monitoring the popularity of shows, Nielsen also measures the viewership of commercials — and those ratings are actually more important, says Bill Gorman, of the blog TV by the Numbers.
"The revenue potential of a show is all that matters," says Gorman. "Networks are businesses, and they want to sell commercials. And what allows them to sell at better prices is better ratings."
Losing Track Of Viewers
The show Sons of Anarchy on the FX network has been getting terrific ratings — its viewership rose 66 percent between its first season and its second, according to Nielsen. The finale in December was the most-watched show in its time slot among men aged 18 to 49. But Nielsen-style number-crunching annoys the show's creator, Kurt Sutter.
Data From Nielsen On TV Viewership:
"I think the worst thing that ever happened to television viewing was research about television viewing," says Sutter. "How people watch TV, and why people watch TV, and what they do in the first 15 minutes, and then what do they do."
The kind of monitoring that Sutter detests is also becoming less compelling to advertising executives and networks in the age of TiVo and Hulu.
Nielsen tracks online viewers, but it does not aggregate that data with its regular TV ratings. Some Internet video sites, like Hulu, charge that Nielsen is vastly undercounting their viewers, as well.
Kate Sirkin, who directs global research at the media planning and buying firm Starcom MediaVest Group, says advertisers are starting to demand more comprehensive tracking of viewers across platforms.
"I'm not sure if that metric is the only metric we need going forward," she says of traditional Nielsen television ratings. "We would love cross-media measurements."
Sirkin says she would like measurements that aggregate regular TV and online ratings. She suggests Nielsen may be falling behind right at the moment when the ways people watch television are multiplying.
Her firm is part of a consortium of powerful ad agencies and TV networks pressuring Nielsen to evolve along with the habits of television consumers, who don't just watch shows on their television sets, but also on their laptops and other mobile devices. Right now, advertisers must cobble together data from a number of sources. For example, TiVo tells Sirkin's company which of their ads caught people's attention and which were skipped through.
Looking To Catch Up
Soon, Nielsen promises, it will be able to deliver more measurements. Steve Hasker, Nielsen's president of media products, says Nielsen is laboring to get new measurements in place that will combine data about how people watch on regular TV sets, computers and even on smart phones and other mobile devices.
"We'll be able to tell what type of video they watch, what type of sites they go to, how they interact on those sites, what they buy on those sites, what types of news articles they're reading," Hasker says.
But the company is starting just by combing TV and online video. It will be years before the company is able to do what Hasker envisions.