What's A Picture Worth? Polaroid Auctions Photos

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    Pine Branches, Yosemite Valley, est. $5,000-$7,000. This photograph, taken by Ansel Adams, is one of many by the photographer in the collection. Adams was friends with the inventor of Polaroid, who encouraged him to build a "Library Collection" of contemporary photography for the Polaroid company — of both Polaroid images and more conventional types of photography.
    Photographs from The Polaroid Collection
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    9-Part Self Portrait, unique collage of large-format Polapan prints, est. $50,000-$70,000
    Chuck Close/Courtesy Pace/MacGill Gallery, New York/Photographs from The Polaroid Collection
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    The Tetons and Snake River, Grand Teton National Park, Wyoming, mural-sized gelatin silver print, est. $250,000-$350,000. Another film print by Ansel Adams being auctioned with the Polaroid Collection at Sotheby's.
    Photographs from The Polaroid Collection
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    Migrant Mother, Nipomo, California, gelatin silver print, est. $60,000-$80,000. This photograph, taken by Dorothea Lange, was acquired by Ansel Adams for Polaroid's Library Collection.
    Photographs from The Polaroid Collection
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    Andy Sneezing (Diptych), a diptych of unique Polaroid SX-70 prints, est. $6,000-$9,000
    Andy Warhol/Courtesy Pace/MacGill Gallery, New York/Photographs from The Polaroid Collection
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    Ice Breaking on High Sierra Lake, unique Polaroid Type 52 print, est. $6,000-$9,000
    Ansel Adams/Photographs from The Polaroid Collection
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    Japanese Sky I (From the Bleacher Series), unique large-format Polapan print, est. $40,000-$60,000
    Robert Rauschenberg/Courtesy Pace/MacGill Gallery, New York/Photographs from The Polaroid Collection
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    Ultra-Large (Hands), unique, mural-sized Polaroid Polacolor print, est. $20,000-$30,000
    Lucas Samaras/Courtesy Pace/MacGill Gallery, New York/Photographs from The Polaroid Collection
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    Chicago (Trees in Snow), gelatin silver print, est. $70,000-$100,000
    Harry Callahan/Courtesy Pace/MacGill Gallery, New York/Photographs from The Polaroid Collection
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    Half Dome, Merced River, est. $30,000-$50,000
    Ansel Adams/Photographs from The Polaroid Collection

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More than 1,000 photographs from the Polaroid collection are being auctioned at Sotheby's in New York City as part of Polaroid's bankruptcy court order.

The auction includes images by legendary artists and photographers going back to the 1940s. Some artists are upset that the collection is being auctioned off, believing that they only lent their work to Polaroid.

Ansel Adams And Polaroid

In preparation for the auction, the entire Sotheby's building has been taken over by photographs. Many are Polaroids, but about a third are not.

There are several rooms devoted to the great landscape photographer Ansel Adams — more than 400 images. Denise Bethel, the director of the photography department at Sotheby's, has been auctioning photographs for 30 years.

"We are lucky if we see one great mural by Adams every four or five years. We have, in this collection, 30," Bethel says.

Adams had an unusual relationship with Polaroid and its founder Edwin Land. They met in 1948, the year that the Polaroid camera was first marketed. Adams not only helped to develop Polaroid technology, but he also helped the company acquire photographs from artists like Andy Warhol, David Hockney, Imogen Cunningham and Harry Callahan, as well as photographers like Dorothea Lange and Edward Weston.

We tend to think of Polaroids as having no negative. But Adams pioneered using Polaroid Type 55 positive/negative film. You can see many examples of small Polaroids and large murals made from the same image. Take, for example, Adams' photograph of Sugarpine Boughs and Lichen, Yosemite National Park. The large picture has almost as much detail as the small Polaroid.

There are also dozens of tiny 4-by-5 Polaroids taken with the same camera millions of Americans used, like two self portraits of Warhol sneezing. Bethel says that when Sotheby's appraised the collection, the small Polaroids were a revelation.

Lee Rosenbaum, who writes the blog CultureGrrl, says Adams took consumer cameras to the next level.

"You have a little deckle edge Ansel Adams Polaroid of a stream, the same deckle edge that we used to have on our photographs back when we did our snapshots, and yet he gets so much texture in that water, just as he does in his more polished, bigger scale productions," Rosenbaum says.

'Surreal And Phantasmagoric'

There are huge Polaroids by Chuck Close and Lucas Samaras. Samaras used every type of Polaroid camera, including the mammoth 40x80 camera that takes three or four people to operate. Many of his images are filled with brilliant yellows, greens and magentas. He also was incredibly inventive with the SX70 camera.

According to Christopher Mahoney of Sotheby's, there are a few minutes after a Polaroid slides out of the camera "when the emulsion is still soft. You can actually manipulate this emulsion, move it around, and he came up with these results, some of which are surreal, and phantasmagoric, and a lot of them are as much drawings as they are photographs."

Bankruptcy And Negotiation

Polaroid has gone through bankruptcy twice. A number of artists upset about the auction, wrote letters to the bankruptcy judge in Minnesota, who essentially said, "too late" and that the time to get the works out was when Polaroid first went bankrupt eight years ago. But some artists say back then few knew that Polaroid was going bankrupt. Some artists are still trying to negotiate for their works.

John Reuter feels some of his most stand-out work is part of the Polaroid collection, though his photographs are not part of the auction at Sotheby's. After working for Polaroid off-and-on for 30 years, Reuter is now the executive director of the 20 x 24 Studio and has 100 of his own photos in the larger Polaroid collection of some 16,000 images. He says he is more sad than angry about the auction.

"Having been through the dissolution of the company," he says, "not only is my work in the collection and I can't get it, and a lot of it was my best work, at certain periods of my life, but I also saw people who were incredible people who made this film and made Polaroid a great company, lose their jobs for no good reason really. So the auction is almost the funeral in a way, because it is the last act in the dissolution of Polaroid."

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