'The Day After:' 20 Years Later

Country Braced for Aftermath of Post-Apocalyptic TV Movie

Video cover from the 1983 movie, 'The Day After'

hide captionVideo cover from the 1983 movie, The Day After

ABC

Twenty years ago today, 100 million Americans gathered in front of their televisions to witness the end of the world. It wasn't real, of course. The event, The Day After, starring Jason Robards and John Lithgow, was a made-for-TV movie that depicted a nuclear attack on a small town in Kansas. With the support of the town, the production's staff gave Lawrence, Ks., an apocalyptic makeover. Locals were recruited to play victims, windows were smashed, cars turned over and ash was poured over everything to give the impression of a nuclear wasteland.

A year before, in 1982, President Ronald Regan had called the Soviet Union the "Evil Empire," and American fifth-grader Samantha Smith asked the Soviet prime minister why he wanted to destroy the world. That spring, 750,000 people marched in support of a nuclear freeze and disarmament. In this context, screenwriters could easily envision the events leading to global annihilation.

NPR's Neda Ulaby grew up in Lawrence and remembers the filming. For All Things Considered, she recalls the movie's impact on the town, and the country.

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