The Nobel Peace Prize is awarded to individuals and organizations. Here are the laureates from the United States:
1906: Theodore Roosevelt, President of the United States. Collaborator on various peace treaties, most notably the end of the Japanese-Russian war.
1912: Elihu Root, Former Secretary of State. Originator of various treaties of arbitration.
1919: Thomas Woodrow Wilson, President of the United States. Founder of the League of Nations.
1925: Charles Gates Dawes, Vice President of the United States. Chairman of Allied Reparation Commission. (Shared with Sir Austen Chamberlain of the U.K., Foreign Secretary; Part Originator of Locarno Pact.)
1929: Frank Billings Kellogg, Former Secretary of State. Part-originator of Briand-Kellogg Pact, an international treaty "providing for the renunciation of war as an instrument of national policy."
1931: Jane Adams, Sociologist. International President, Women's International League for Peace and Freedom. Nicholas Murray Butler, President, Columbia University. Promoter of Briand-Kellogg Pact.
1945: Cordell Hull, Former Secretary of State. Prominent participant in the creation of the United Nations.
1946: Emily Greene Balch, Former Professor of History and Sociology; Honorary International President, Women's International League for Peace and Freedom. John Raleigh Mott, Chairman, International Missionary Council; President, World Alliance of Young Men's Christian Associations.
1947: American Friends Service Committee (The Quakers), Philadelphia, Pa. First official meeting 1672. (Shared with the Friends Service Council (The Quakers) in London, U.K. Founded in 1647.)
1950: Ralph Bunche, Professor at Harvard University, Cambridge, Mass. Director, Division of Trusteeship, U.N. Acting Mediator in Palestine, 1948.
1953: George Catlett Marshall, General President American Red Cross. Ex-Secretary of State and of Defense. Originator of Marshall Plan for the redevelopment of Europe following World War II.
1962: Linus Carl Pauling, California Institute of Technology, Pasadena, Calif. Honored for his campaign against above-ground nuclear testing. (Pauling won the Nobel Prize for Chemistry in 1954.)
1964: Martin Luther King, Jr., Leader of Southern Christian Leadership Conference.
1965: United Nations Children's Fund (UNICEF), New York, N.Y. Founded by the U.N. in 1946.
1970: Norman E. Borlaug, International Maize and Wheat Improvement Center, Mexico City.
1973: Henry A. Kissinger, Secretary of State, State Department. (Shared with Le Duc Tho, Democratic Republic of Vietnam.)
1985: International Physicians for the Prevention of Nuclear War, Boston, Mass.
1986: Elie Wiesel, Chairman, The President's Commission on the Holocaust.
1997: International Campaign to Ban Landmines, Launched in 1992. Jody Williams, Putney, Vermont.
2002: Jimmy Carter, Former President of the United States. For decades of untiring effort to find peaceful solutions to international conflicts, to advance democracy and human rights, and to promote economic and social development.
2007: Albert Arnold Gore, Jr., Former Vice President of the United States. For efforts to build up and disseminate greater knowledge about man-made climate change, and to lay the foundations for the measures that are needed to counteract such change. (Shared with the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change. Founded in 1988.)