After an unsuccessful attempt to take Fallujah in April, U.S. Marines surrounded the insurgent stronghold in advance of their successful attack at the beginning of November. U.S.-led forces now control the city. NPR's Michele Norris talks with Maj. Gen. Robert Scales, who discusses what the assault demonstrates about urban warfare.
In the latest in a series of conversations on leadership in a lengthening war, we hear from an enlisted man who wrote about his experiences in Iraq — and helped change the way Marines are taught to go into urban combat.
Staff Sgt. Earl J. Catagnus Jr. was the leader of a group of snipers who worked to remove insurgents from houses during the battle of Fallujah in November 2004.