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Audio Evidence of Ivory-Billed Woodpecker

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Audio Evidence of Ivory-Billed Woodpecker

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Audio Evidence of Ivory-Billed Woodpecker

Audio Evidence of Ivory-Billed Woodpecker

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An artist's image of what an ivory-billed woodpecker looks like. So far, naturalists have captured only a fleeting video image of the rare bird in Arkansas. George M. Sutton/Cornell Lab of Ornithology hide caption

toggle caption George M. Sutton/Cornell Lab of Ornithology

An artist's image of what an ivory-billed woodpecker looks like. So far, naturalists have captured only a fleeting video image of the rare bird in Arkansas.

George M. Sutton/Cornell Lab of Ornithology

There's new evidence suggesting the majestic ivory-billed woodpecker, once thought to be extinct, is indeed alive in eastern Arkansas. Researchers have captured the sounds of bird calls and woodpecker rapping that reinforces earlier videotaped evidence of the bird in flight.

Scientists recently revealed a video sequence shot in 2004 that purported to show an ivory-billed woodpecker taking flight in an Arkansas swamp. However, the video was short and blurry and some experts weren't convinced. But the new sounds have persuaded at least some skeptics the ivory-billed woodpecker sighting was real.

The Latest Audio Evidence

Rapping and call sounds captured in 2005 in Arkansas swamps:

Bird call, White River National Wildlife Refuge

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Rapping, Cache River National Wildlife Refuge

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For the latest NPR/National Geographic Radio Expedition report, Christopher Joyce traveled to the Laboratory of Ornithology at Cornell University to listen to the new evidence — more than 18,000 hours of recordings collected by devices planted on trees in Arkansas wildlife refuges.

From the Cornell Audio Archive

1935 recording of the call of an ivory-billed woodpecker in Louisiana

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Living Cousins in S. America

The distinctive double-rap of the genus Campephilus

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Hidden in those countless hours of recordings are a handful of gems — short, faint calls that are characteristic of the species. Researchers used recordings made in 1935 to confirm the authenticity of the new calls. Even with that valuable tool, however, many doubts remained.

The team also has another kind of audio evidence from Arkansas: dozens of "double raps." The ivory bill and its woodpecker cousins in Central and South America all make a distinctive double rap or double knock — what ornithologists dub a "display call."

Still, the Cornell team says their evidence is "suggestive," and isn't what they'd like it to be — the bird or birds are skittish and quiet, the video is short and blurry and the audio recordings are faint. Teams are planning to return to Arkansas this fall.

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