France Steps Up Security to Stem Violence

French police have banned gatherings and increased security in Paris this weekend to prevent further violence. NPR's Adam Davidson discusses the impact of increased police presence on some of the communities most affected by the riots of the past two weeks.

Copyright © 2005 NPR. For personal, noncommercial use only. See Terms of Use. For other uses, prior permission required.

JENNIFER LUDDEN, host:

French police have enforced a ban on gatherings after more than two weeks of rioting in immigrant communities across the country.

(Soundbite of police operations)

LUDDEN: Thousands of police deployed in the center of Paris today. NPR's Adam Davidson has been traveling through two of the hardest-hit areas around Paris and in Lille. He joins me now.

Hi, Adam.

ADAM DAVIDSON reporting:

Hi, Jennifer.

LUDDEN: So things seem a lot quieter now. As the French look back on these two weeks, is there some sense that this violence took them by surprise?

DAVIDSON: Yeah, I think there is a huge sense that there was a lot of surprise that there was that level of upset and outrage in these suburbs, which are really a lot more like projects in the inner city in the US--high-rise developments where poor immigrant families live. Some people are comparing this to Hurricane Katrina in the sense that it's an event that forced the rest of the country to see just how upset and just how poor and disenfranchised a certain population of the country feels.

LUDDEN: Well, are they talking about what may need to be done to address this problem?

DAVIDSON: There certainly is a lot of talk about what needs to be done, but not necessarily a lot of confidence that the right things will happen. There's been a strong sense among people outside of France that France needs profound economic reform to allow these unemployed youth to get jobs. There's a feeling among many international organizations like the World Bank, the IMF, the US government, even members of the EU, lots and lots of newspapers and economists around the world that France's very generous social benefits policy is simply unsustainable. Basically when an employer hires somebody, they are guaranteeing that person a lot of benefits, and it's very difficult to fire people in many circumstances. So employers are unlikely to hire new people because they don't want to provide all of those expensive benefits, and so there is a call--and the finance minister of France has agreed that this needs to happen--to lessen these social benefits so that the young children of immigrants who are now unemployed could actually find work.

LUDDEN: Well, you've been out speaking with some of these immigrants and the children of immigrants. What are they saying and what would they like to see happen?

DAVIDSON: There's something that really interested me. There seems to be a very strong divide among the immigrants themselves, the people who were born in Morocco or Algeria or Africa, who came here to make a better life for themselves. There's a big divide between them and their children. The kids who were born here consider themselves French but consider themselves unwelcome by French society. One thing I heard from several immigrant parents is that they love France, it's a place of tremendous opportunity, they feel welcomed by the country. The one complaint I heard over and over again is that France coddles children, that parents aren't able to discipline their children in the right way. They're not able to beat them, that the schools don't discipline them. They're not able to do the things that they did back home in Africa that allowed them to keep control over their children, and they say that's why these children are running amok. The children say, `No, France is racist, France doesn't offer us opportunity. We have no ability to make a life here,' and it's this very fascinating dichotomy within the one community.

LUDDEN: NPR's Adam Davidson in Paris, thank you.

DAVIDSON: Thank you.

Copyright © 2005 NPR. All rights reserved. No quotes from the materials contained herein may be used in any media without attribution to NPR. This transcript is provided for personal, noncommercial use only, pursuant to our Terms of Use. Any other use requires NPR's prior permission. Visit our permissions page for further information.

NPR transcripts are created on a rush deadline by a contractor for NPR, and accuracy and availability may vary. This text may not be in its final form and may be updated or revised in the future. Please be aware that the authoritative record of NPR's programming is the audio.

Comments

 

Please keep your community civil. All comments must follow the NPR.org Community rules and terms of use, and will be moderated prior to posting. NPR reserves the right to use the comments we receive, in whole or in part, and to use the commenter's name and location, in any medium. See also the Terms of Use, Privacy Policy and Community FAQ.