AIDS Treatment Remains a Delicate Balance

Dr. Thomas Giordano, director of Houston's Thomas Street Health Center, speaks with assistant medica

Dr. Thomas Giordano, director of Houston's Thomas Street Health Center, speaks with assistant medical director, Dr. Ben Barnett. The clinic is a one-stop source of medical care for more than 4,000 people with HIV. Thomas Street Health Center hide caption

itoggle caption Thomas Street Health Center

More than 20,000 people are expected to attend the 16th annual International AIDS conference underway in Toronto, Canada. AIDS has become a treatable chronic disease in wealthy countries like the U.S. Despite advances, treating AIDS is still not a simple matter.

AIDS Snapshot

OVERALL

— 65 million total HIV infections

— 25 million HIV deaths

— 38.6 million people currently living with HIV

2005

— 2.8 million people died of AIDS

— 4.1 million people were newly infected

AFRICA

— Southern Africa is the epicenter of the global epidemic

— 64 percent of the world's HIV population lives in sub-Sahara African

— Transmission is primarily through heterosexual contact

— More women are HIV infected than men

— More than 10 percent of the adult population (15 to 49 years) is infected in most Southern African countries

— In Botswana, Lesotho, Swaziland and Zimbabwe, more than 20 percent of the adult population is infected

— South Africa (along with India) has largest number of people, 5.5 million, living with HIV

— 17 percent of those in need of antiretroviral treatment receive it

UNITED STATES

— The U.S. has seen resurgence in HIV transmission in recent years, primarily among men

— An estimated 800,000 people are infected

— 25 percent of those infected don't know

— 44 percent of new infections are in gay men

— Blacks and Hispanics account for 69 percent of all reported HIV cases

— 55 percent of those in need of antiretroviral treatment receive it

Source: Centers for Disease Control and Prevention

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