Canadian Oil Draws World-Wide Mix of Workers

Oil sands jobs have drawn people from all over the world to the remote city of Fort McMurray in northeastern Alberta, Canada. Workers have come from as far away as Nigeria, Sri Lanka and the Philippines, spicing up the cultural life of a sub-arctic city of 70,000.

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STEVE INSKEEP, host:

On Wednesdays we focus on the workplace, and this workplace is an energy boomtown.

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A Canadian newspaper declared last year, if you have a pulse, you can work in Fort McMurray. The headline referred to an Alberta boomtown. Workers from around the globe earn six-figure salaries to mine some of the world's largest oil reserves.

It is one of two places we'll report on this morning where you can see the world's growing demand for energy. In Fort McMurray businesses are scrambling to find more than oil workers. They need waiters, clerks, and nannies - and they're looking as far away as Asia.

NPR's Frank Langfitt reports.

FRANK LANGFITT: Fort McMurray's population is 65,000, but it has the energy of a city several times its size.

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LANGFITT: More than two dozen jets zoom in and out of its small airport each day. On payday, workers arrive by bus to risk some of their hefty earnings at the city's Boom Town Casino. Public gatherings are decidedly international. At last month's Heritage Day Festival, the most popular cuisine was Filipino barbeque, served by Filipino nannies, who come from half a world away.

Washing pans afterward, the nannies explain why they have traded the heat of Southeast Asia for Fort McMurray's bitter winters, where the temperature can drop to 40 below.

Arlina Abaad(ph) was working in Hong Kong when a nanny agency told her she was headed to a city she'd never heard of.

Ms. ARLINA ABAAD (Nanny): And they said, you know, you're going to take a plane. And it's going to take a day. Oh! That's really far! I really wanted to work somewhere like in Toronto or Ontario. But my employer chooses me here, and I have to grab it.

LANGFITT: Most people come to Fort McMurray for high paying jobs in the oil sands. That leaves many service positions grossly understaffed. It also means opportunity for foreign workers like Abaad. She takes care of three children, earning about $16,000 a year U.S., plus room and board. That may not sound like much, but it's a lot more than she made in Hong Kong.

And Abaad says the working conditions here are better too.

Ms. ABAAD: You only have to work for specific times. Like, in Hong Kong, that, you have to work from sunup to sundown. If the employer stays away until midnight, you have to be up until midnight too.

LANGFITT: The labor shortage is squeezing small businesses. At restaurants, annual turnover is about 150 percent. Today at Moxie's(ph), a local grill, owner Andy Parker(ph) is giving an orientation to new workers.

Mr. ANDY PARKER (Owner, Moxie's Restaurant): You're the ambassadors to this building. I am one guy. I can't talk to every single guest in this building.

LANGFITT: Parker says he can't compete with wages in the oil sands.

Mr. PARKER: We have contractors that, they come in for lunch and they offer a server $25 an hour to go be a spark watcher. You know, all they do is stand there and watch a welder for $25 bucks an hour. There are so many jobs I didn't know existed in this city that pay extremely well.

LANGFITT: So earlier this year, Parker tried to create stability in his restaurant by hiring ten kitchen staff from Sri Lanka. He got the cooks through a Canadian agency. They earn $11.50 an hour, and have agreed to stay with Moxie's for three years. Parker says they're making a big difference.

Mr. PARKER: When you have a core base like we do now of these guys from Sri Lanka in the kitchen, then they show up every single day. They work hard, they're happy to be here. And that rubs off on everybody else.

LANGFITT: Sangeya Mongolagamo(ph) worked at a Hilton in Colombo, the Sri Lankan capital. After the tsunami, he saw a newspaper ad for jobs in Canada. He moved here about five months ago.

Mr. SANGEYA MONGOLAGAMO (Moved to Fort McMurray): So far, it's so good for me. Back home I made about $200 per month. After tsunami the tourism was going down. I thank that I will guard this opportunity.

LANGFITT: Now he makes $700 to $800 a month. He says the work here is a lot easier than back home.

Mr. MONGOLAGAMO: Working in a Sri Lankan or Delhian(ph) restaurant in Canada is completely different. Here it's already made things. When you get a pizza in Sri Lanka I will be making the pizza dough and everything, so it's about two hours. Here it's readymade, so it's very easy to work here.

LANGFITT: And staff like Sangeya have made Andy Parker's work easier too. Moxie's owner says he's so pleased with his new employees he's applied for 15 more from Sri Lanka. He'll employ them at a restaurant he owns in Grand Prairie, another Alberta boomtown.

Frank Langfitt, NPR News.

INSKEEP: You can go see the oil sands operations for yourself, take a video tour, and hear part one of this report, at npr.org.

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An Oil-Fueled Boomtown in Canada's Subarctic

Man Standing in Oil Pit with Giant Shovel i i

hide captionA worker for Syncrude stands in an oil pit in this 2001 file photo. The giant shovel next to him scoops up the sand and takes it back to a refinery where the oil is extracted. Syncrude mines oil sand from 250-foot-deep pits like this one, which dot the poplar and pine forests of northeastern Alberta.

Greg Smith/Corbis
Man Standing in Oil Pit with Giant Shovel

A worker for Syncrude stands in an oil pit in this 2001 file photo. The giant shovel next to him scoops up the sand and takes it back to a refinery where the oil is extracted. Syncrude mines oil sand from 250-foot-deep pits like this one, which dot the poplar and pine forests of northeastern Alberta.

Greg Smith/Corbis

The oil sands operations in Fort McMurray are vast. See the oil refinieries from an aerial perspective and glimpse the giant sand oil pits in this brief video.

Canada's Oil Sands

Map i i

hide caption 

Scott Stroud, NPR
Map

 

Scott Stroud, NPR
  • The oil sand deposits in Fort McMurray, Alberta are believed to hold some 174 billion barrels of economically viable oil.
  • Between 2000 and 2020, the oil sands industry is expected to create more than 170,000 jobs in Alberta.
  • Canadian oil sands production is expected to reach 4 million barrels a day by 2020.

Sources: Canadian Energy Research Institute, Canadian Association of Petroleum Producers, Petro-Canada

Smoke billows from processing plant i i

hide captionSmoke billows from the stacks of an oil-processing plant at Syncrude's operations in Fort McMurray, Alberta, Canada. (2001 file photo)

Greg Smith/Corbis
Smoke billows from processing plant

Smoke billows from the stacks of an oil-processing plant at Syncrude's operations in Fort McMurray, Alberta, Canada. (2001 file photo)

Greg Smith/Corbis
Neil Camarta in front of river

hide captionNeil Camarta stands on the banks of the Athabasca River, which runs through Alberta's oil sands. Camarta, who runs Petro-Canada's oil-sands project, says his company will probably build an airstrip to fly workers in.

Frank Langfitt for NPR

The workers call it Fort McMoney.

But forty years ago, Fort McMurray was a subartic outpost with 1,600 people, a dusty main street and three restaurants.

Today, it's a Northern Canadian boomtown of 65,000. There are traffic jams, a casino and workers from around the globe making six-figure salaries.

What's behind that staggering growth? The price of oil.

'Money, Money, Money'

Fort McMurray sits on the edge of Alberta's oil sands, some of the largest reserves on the planet. Extracting that oil is expensive, but with prices still high, companies are scrambling to find enough workers.

On weekend nights, the line at Fort McMurray's Newfie Club stretches down the sidewalk. The bar is packed with workers who've traveled more than 2,000 miles from Canada's East Coast, where jobs are scarce.

Daniel Teasdale came from Nova Scotia in February. He runs an excavator and, at 21 years old, he expects to make more than $115,000 U.S. a year.

"I like the place, but I like the money the best out of anything," he says. "It's just triple what I was making at home. Even more, it's unbelievable. Money is nothing out here. People are throwing money all the time. It's just money, money, money."

In June, Fort McMurray's Ford dealership sold more vehicles than any other in Canada. Colin Matthews, a 25-year-old oil-sands worker, is at the dealership looking for a new truck — his second in two years.

"It's something to show off when we go back to Newfoundland next year," he says, looking at an F-150. "It's going to be a good sense of pride, knowing that you worked so hard and you've got something good to show for it."

A Cosmopolitan Mix

Only Saudi Arabia has more oil than Fort McMurray, which is estimated to have some 174 billion barrels. If oil prices fell by $20 a barrel, operations here would still be profitable.

Some companies — like Canada's Syncrude — have carved out mines the size of canyons. Giant dump-trucks transport the black oil sands. The dump truck drivers make $80,000 to $100,000 a year with overtime.

Those salaries have helped nearly double the population of Fort McMurray in a decade. More than 30 commercial flights touch down at the city's tiny airport each day, bringing workers to the mines from four continents.

Catherine Martin, a salsa teacher from Bolivia, has students in her class from all over the world.

"I know people from Iran, I know people from Israel, I know people from Lebanon. I know people from South America, all over different countries in South America. Asia — a lot of Asian people as well," she says.

Joseph Garnes came to Fort McMurray from the Caribbean 15 years ago. At the city's heritage festival, he says he's become attached to the place.

"Back in Trinidad, we drilled for the oil. Didn't know what open-pit mining was until I got here in Fort McMurray," he says. "But I came and enjoyed it. And I would go and come back, but Fort McMurray is my home. I'll be here for a long time."

Straining Resources

Companies find it difficult, however, to lure capable workers to a place where temperatures can plunge to 40 below zero. They offer employee incentives, like on-site work camps with steak dinners and satellite TV. The camp at Canadian Natural Resources has a Tim Horton's, Canada's wildly popular coffee chain.

"Some of our competition are offering signing bonuses in the order of $20,000 Canadian ($18,000 U.S.) …," says Neil Camarta, a project manager at Petro-Canada. "Some companies are offering an incentive package where, if you stay a couple of years, you get a bonus then, which may be in the range of $50,000 to $100,000."

Competition to find housing in Fort McMurray is just as fierce. The influx of workers has driven the rental vacancy rate to less than 0.3 percent. Mobile homes can run as high as $300,000.

Single-family homes in one of Fort McMurray's nicest suburbs are packed in so tightly, you can jump from roof to roof. And they're priced at more than half a million dollars.

Facing those prices, some newcomers sleep at the Salvation Army, which is always full.

Steven Poirier came to Fort McMurray from Cornwall, Ontario. "The way people talked down there, there was like a gold mine here. And I got here and it's harder to get work than you think," he says.

Poirier lacks the right safety certification and is now doing renovation work. He sleeps at the Salvation Army, and is shocked at the prices.

"Everything is way too expensive here," he says. "I went to IGA just to buy some bologna and it's like $6, where we could pay like $3 at home — that's double the price. The bread is $3 a loaf. It's unreal."

The town is strained in other ways. Around 5 p.m., the traffic backs up a half-mile outside of town. After dark, junkies stagger around the parking lot at the 7-Eleven.

"You know, there are a lot of homeless people here in town now. But they're not our local homeless people," says Frances Jean, who runs a sub shop and a carwash nearby. "They're people who have come to town. They've gotten involved with drugs, they've lost their jobs, and then they're just drifting around all over. I see them at my carwash, selling drugs at 12 p.m. I live a block from here, but at night, I won't walk home."

Barrels and Barrels

The boom in Fort McMurray shows no sign of slowing. Firms are planning $5 billion worth of projects every year.

As long as oil remains more than $40 a barrel, companies say they can make money here.

Back at the Newfie Club, Daniel Teasdale relishes the possibilities.

"Well, I have 10 kids in my family. And I have three older brothers, and a twin brother, and a younger brother," he says. "I was talking to every one of them today, and they all want to come out."

Why not? Seven months ago, Teasdale was digging out basements for less than $10 an hour in Nova Scotia. Now, he's making six figures and saving for a house.

Teasdale says he plans to stay in Fort McMurray for years.

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