Alabama Churches Slowly Rise from the Ashes

Building a Frame i i

About 175 volunteers have traveled to Panola, Ala., to help rebuild Galilee Baptist Church. The volunteers are members of churches across Alabama and Georgia who are donating their time and expertise. Kathy Lohr, NPR hide caption

itoggle caption Kathy Lohr, NPR
Building a Frame

About 175 volunteers have traveled to Panola, Ala., to help rebuild Galilee Baptist Church. The volunteers are members of churches across Alabama and Georgia who are donating their time and expertise.

Kathy Lohr, NPR
Map i i

This map shows the locations of the churches set on fire in Feb. 2006. Scott Stroud, NPR hide caption

itoggle caption Scott Stroud, NPR
Map

Key: 1) Rehobeth Baptist Church 2) Ashby Baptist Church 3) Antioch Baptist Church 4) Old Union Baptist Church 5) Pleasant Sabine Baptist Church 6) Galilee Baptist Church 7) Morning Star Missionary Baptist 8) Dancy First Baptist Church 9) Spring Valley Baptist Church

Scott Stroud, NPR

Timeline:

Feb. 3, 2006

Bibb County, Ala.

1) Rehobeth Baptist Church burned to the ground.

Randolph, Ala.

2) Ashby Baptist Church burned to the ground.

Brierfield, Ala.

3) Antioch Baptist Church damaged by fire.

Centerville, Ala.

4) Old Union Baptist Church damaged by fire.

Randolph, Ala.

5) Pleasant Sabine Baptist Church burned to the ground.

Centerville, Ala.


Feb. 7, 2006

Western Alabama

6) Galilee Baptist Church burned to the ground.

Panola, Ala.

7) Morning Star Missionary Baptist Church burned to the ground.

Boligee, Ala.

8) Dancy First Baptist Church damaged by fire.

Aliceville, Ala.

9) Spring Valley Baptist Church damaged by fire.

Gainesville, Ala.


March 8, 2006

Birmingham, Ala.

Two students at Birmingham-Southern and a former student of the college are arrested and charged in connection with the church fires. In court papers, the three say the fires were a joke that "got out of hand" and that they chose isolated targets where they'd be unlikely to get caught in the act.


Dec. 20, 2006

Matthew Cloyd and Benjamin Nathan Moseley plead guilty to setting all nine churches on fire. They face a minimum sentence of seven years without parole. A third man, Russell Lee Debusk, pleads guilty to conspiracy and burning the five Bibb County churches; he is expected to receive a shorter sentence. All three are expected to be sentenced in federal court on March 28, 2007.

Rev. Bob Little

Galilee Baptist Church Pastor Bob Little leads services inside the temporary trailer that members now call home. He is also leading the effort to expand his church from a small building to a larger community-based church, with services for the entire rural community. Kathy Lohr, NPR hide caption

itoggle caption Kathy Lohr, NPR
Galilee Baptist Church i i

The new Galilee Baptist Church is located on highway 35 in the heart of Panola, Ala. The two-story, barn-like building will include a library, a job training center and a health clinic. Church members also plan to build a town hall and a fire station in Panola. Kathy Lohr, NPR hide caption

itoggle caption Kathy Lohr, NPR
Galilee Baptist Church

The new Galilee Baptist Church is located on highway 35 in the heart of Panola, Ala. The two-story, barn-like building will include a library, a job training center and a health clinic. Church members also plan to build a town hall and a fire station in Panola.

Kathy Lohr, NPR
Worship

Church members worshipped last weekend in a trailer that is Galilee's temporary home. From left: Deacon Cleotis Speight, Minister Jorge Anglin and Deacon Bob Russell. Kathy Lohr, NPR hide caption

itoggle caption Kathy Lohr, NPR

Galilee Baptist Church was one of nine churches set on fire last year in central and western Alabama. Like many of those churches, Galilee was completely destroyed in the blaze.

The string of attacks – which took place on two different nights – led to federal and state investigations. Some church members decided to sleep inside their churches to try and protect them from a fiery destruction. Those members were shocked when three local college students admitted to setting the fires one month later.

One year has passed since the attacks. Many churches are now rebuilding. Volunteers from a group called Carpenters for Christ are working on the new Galilee Baptist Church in Panola, Ala. After two weekends of construction, the church has begun to take shape. Externally, the structure looks like a large metal barn with a steeple dropped on top. But inside, the framing is almost finished. Nearly 100 people are involved in the project.

"There's been people from, like, five different counties in north Alabama, and some from Georgia, helping just today," says volunteer Bill Broadway. "It's just a great loss when a building is burnt. They got some T-shirts that say, 'You can burn a building, but you can't burn a church.' And that's right."

Men pass lengths of freshly cut wood to teammates, who nail the boards in place. Rev. Bob Little, the pastor of Galilee Baptist Church, shakes hands with as many volunteers as he can as they pack up for the day.

"What God has done has been really nothing but a miracle," he says.

The tiny community of about 400 people wants to make the new church a larger center in the heart of Panola. The 10,000-square-foot structure will house not only the church but classrooms, a library, computers and even a health clinic for people who currently have to drive 40 miles to the nearest hospital.

"Now you're able to help not just the church or an individual, but you're able to help a community — an area — and bring about healing across the state and the United States," Little says.

Part of the healing process for the community has included the continuation of Sunday services. The congregation of some 50 members meets in a trailer. Mike and Kim Cloyd, the parents of one of the students who pleaded guilty in federal court to setting the fires, attended a service last weekend. Kim Cloyd told the group that her son, Matthew, was sorry for having burned the churches.

"I know your hearts were broken, and you were devastated the night your church burned. Multiply that by 100 and a million," Kim Cloyd told the congregation. "But we love our son, and we will never walk away from him. We are there for him, and we visit him every weekend. And we will walk every step of the way with him through this journey."

Cloyd also says that Matthew has found faith in jail, and that he's prepared to accept whatever sentence he's given — even if that means 40 years in prison. The three students – Benjamin Moseley, Russell Debusk and Matthew Cloyd – initially said that they had burned the first five churches as a prank. They said they panicked and set the other four churches on fire to throw detectives off their trail. Many here still don't understand it.

Many of the churches targeted by the fires were predominantly black, but white congregations were struck, too. Over the past year, a small group of people from the western Alabama churches have forged an unusual partnership. They meet at least once a month in Aliceville, Ala., at a fast-food restaurant. Galilee Pastor Little routinely joins them. He says that in this area of Alabama, it's unusual for an older white gentleman and a younger black man to be friends, "calling each other and communicating with each other and respecting each other's ideas and visions."

Before the churches burned, Little says he rarely saw blacks and whites working together in western Alabama. He says the fires and reconstruction have brought the black and white communities closer together.

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