Rice Continues Quest for Peace in Middle East

Condoleezza Rice

hide captionU.S. Secretary of State Condoleezza Rice answers questions during a press conference with Palestinian President Mahmud Abbas in Ramallah, March 25, 2007.

Carl de Souza/AFP/Getty Images

Secretary of State Condoleezza Rice met separately with Palestinian and Israel leaders Sunday as she presses for agreement to move toward the creation of a Palestinian state.

Rice said she is taking time to find what is tolerable for each side, at a time when Israel is refusing to deal directly with the new Palestinian unity government.

Israeli media say Rice is trying to arrange a summit between Israeli and Saudi officials. Rice will also discuss a Saudi peace plan for a comprehensive peace between Israel and Arab states in exchange for an Israeli withdrawal from the West Bank in East Jerusalem. Israel says the plan has positive elements, but Israel will not agree to the right of Palestinian refugees to return to their homes in what is now Israel.

Rice Faces New Hurdles on Latest Mideast Trip

Secretary of State Condoleezza Rice i i

hide captionIn February, Rice attended talks in Berlin on the Palestinian-Israeli conflict.

Sean Gallup/Getty Images
Secretary of State Condoleezza Rice

In February, Rice attended talks in Berlin on the Palestinian-Israeli conflict.

Sean Gallup/Getty Images

Secretary of State Condoleezza Rice heads back to the Middle East Friday, but with little in hand to revive the dormant Arab/Israeli peace process.

Rice has been trying to boost Palestinian Authority President Mahmoud Abbas. But that has become more difficult since the president's Fatah movement has joined in a unity government with Hamas, the more radical of the main Palestinian factions.

Rice has tried to walk a fine line. She reassured members of Congress this week that she will scale back a plan to train and equip forces loyal to Abbas and will do her best to make sure the money doesn't fall into the hands of Hamas, which the U.S. considers a terrorist organization.

Israel has rejected dealings with the unity government, but Rice still thinks this trip has a purpose.

"I think it is extremely important to continue to show American commitment to the development of a political horizon so that the Palestinian people can see that their future rests with moderate forces, not with those forces that are extreme," she said. "In that regard, frankly the formation of the Palestinian unity government has provided something of a challenge."

Rice says the unity government's platform doesn't reflect what she calls the "principles of peace." Rice and her European counterparts have agreed to maintain a ban on aid to the Palestinian government until it renounces violence and recognizes Israel.

The European Union's foreign policy chief, Javier Solana, says he will be watching deeds — not just words — and he pointed out at the Brookings Institutions this week that the EU has still been sending aid to Palestinians, though not through the government.

"We never let the Palestinian people down," Solana said. "Every single year, we have paid more for the Palestinian people. We are spending more — we the Europeans — because we believe in that."

But Robert Malley of the International Crisis Group, who just returned from the region, says the impression he got was that the effort to embargo Hamas while helping the people has backfired.

Malley argues that the U.S. and Europe don't need to embrace the unity government, but will have to accept it as a reality.

That's a thought echoed by Aaron David Miller, who advised six previous secretaries of state on Arab-Israeli negotiations and is now with the Woodrow Wilson International Center for Scholars.

"If, in fact, there is going to be anything resembling a meaningful negotiation between Israelis and Palestinians, Hamas is going to have to acquiesce, sanction it or under different circumstances become part of it," Miller said.

As for Rice's trip, Miller says it will have to be one of many if she expects to get anything done.

"With great respect for her, I think she's facing the possibility that she has 18 months to demonstrate that she can be a consequential secretary of state," Miller said. "The way you become a consequential secretary of state is that you take an issue. You manage it to make it better, in a way that normal human beings can say 'You know, she really did something.'"

The last time Rice went to the Middle East she brought Mahmoud Abbas together with Israeli Prime Minister Ehud Olmert. On this trip, she plans to shuttle between them. She also plans to visit Jordan and Egypt.

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