Film Still from Ad
Campaign to Defend America spent $140,000 on this TV ad linking Arizona Sen. John McCain's candidacy to President George W. Bush's legacy. Watch The Ad
Campaign to Defend America is a liberal 501(c)4 group set up in 2007 by operatives associated with MoveOn.org. It was positioned to become a vehicle for attack ads against the Republican presidential candidate.
But after receiving funding from the Fund for America and spending $140,000 on an ad tying Sen. John McCain to President Bush, the group changed into Progressive Media USA. The group is closely affiliated with Americans Against Escalation in Iraq, which is a coalition of liberal groups.
The group has not yet received tax-exempt status from the IRS.
Progressive Media USA later shut down after Obama made it known he dissapproved of outside efforts.
Funders: Fund for America ($3.5 million); American Family Voices ($300,000).
Leadership: Jeff Blum, Wes Boyd, Tom Matzzie, Joe Sandler, Neil Reiff. Read more about these leaders in The Secret Money Project's Who's Who Directory of Key Leaders of Independent Groups.
Will Evans is a reporter for the Center for Investigative Reporting, NPR's partner in the Secret Money Project.