Who's Who: Key Leaders Of Independent Groups

 

Election 2008
 
This directory offers a glimpse at the leaders behind the independent groups who have the potential to influence this election. These groups do not have to disclose their donors and spending the same way the candidates do. Some don't have to disclose at all. Many of the leaders are part of more than one organization.

This is part of the Secret Money Project, done in conjunction with NPR and the Center for Investigative Reporting. Click on a letter below to take you to an individual's last name in the directory, or just browse.

A | B| C | D | E | F | G | H | J | K | L | M | N | O | P | R | S | T | U | V | W | Y | Z

A

KAREN ACKERMAN: Political director of AFL-CIO; board member of Progressive Majority; board member of America Votes; board member of Ballot Initiative Strategy Center; advisor to Progress Now

JOHN H. ADAMS: Secretary of League of Conservation Voters; founding director and former president of the Natural Resources Defense Council

TIM ALBRECHT: Spokesperson for American Future Fund; former communications consultant for the Iowa Republican Party; former Iowa press secretary for Republican Mitt Romney's presidential campaign; former field staffer for the 2000 presidential campaign of Steve Forbes)

JOEL ARENDS: Executive director and co-founder of VVets for Freedom; former director of Iowa Veterans Operations for McCain's 2008 presidential campaign and field director for Bush-Cheney 2000

MARCIA ARONOFF: Senior VP for Programs at Environmental Defense Fund; board member of League of Conservation Voters; former chief of staff to Sen. Bill Bradley

MICHELE AUSTIN: Board member of Coloradans for Economic Growth; McCain delegate to the Republican National Convention; at-large appointee of the Arapahoe County Republican Party; treasurer of First Class Education Colorado; involved in several organizations promoting Colorado ballot measures that would curb the power of unions: Ask First, Clean Government Colorado, Ethical Standards Now

PAUL AUSTIN: Board member at League of Conservation Voters; executive director of Conservation Minnesota Voter Center

B

MELODY BARNES: Executive VP for Policy at Center for American Progress; board member of Planned Parenthood; former chief counsel to Sen. Edward Kennedy

BILL BELDING: Member of VoteVets board of advisors; board member at Center for Justice and Accountability; former president of Vietnam Veterans of America Foundation; former chief of staff of Common Cause

DAVID BELLAVIA: Vice chairman and co-founder of Vets for Freedom

RHONDA BENTZ: Strategy and media consultant to Coalition for a Democratic Workplace; member of McCain's national finance team; formerly worked on the campaign steering committee for Sen. Norm Coleman (R-MN)

RICHARD BERMAN: Executive director and president of the Employee Freedom Action Committee; president of the Center for Union Facts, Center for Consumer Freedom, Employment Policies Institute Foundation and American Beverage Institute

BRIAN BERRY: Board member of Citizens United; manager of President Bush's 1994 gubernatorial primary campaign; manager of Texas Republican Sen. Kay Bailey Hutchison's 1993 campaign; former executive director of the Ohio Republican Party; former southwestern regional political director for the Republican National Committee

DEEPAK BHARGAVA: Executive director of Center for Community Change; member of The Nation editorial board; national advisory board member at Open Society Insitute; board member of America Votes

BRENT BLACKWELDER: Honorary director of League of Conservation Voters; president of Friends of the Earth

KEN BLACKWELL: Board member of Club for Growth; former mayor of Cincinnati; former undersecretary at the U.S. Dept. of Housing and Urban Development; former Ohio Secretary of State; unsuccessful candidate for governor in 2006

JOAN BLADES: Co-founder and secretary of MoveOn.org; co-founder and president of MomsRising.org

BRADLEY BLAKEMAN: Former president and CEO of Freedom's Watch; former deputy assistant to President George W. Bush

JOHN BLISS: Board member of Citizens United

JEFF BLUM: Executive director of USAction and USAction Education Fund; steering committee co-chair of Health Care for America Now; board member of America Votes; advisor to Progress Now; president of Campaign to Defend America

SHERWOOD BOEHLERT: Director of League of Conservation Voters; former congressman (R-NY)

MICHAEL BOOS: VP and general counsel of Citizens United; contact for the Presidential Coalition; former executive director of the Legal Affairs Council; former program director of Young America's Foundation

JAMES BOPP: Attorney for Citizens United, National Right to Life Committee and Focus on the Family; member of RNC

ROBERT BOROSAGE: Co-director of Campaign for America's Future; chair of Progressive Majority; board member of America Votes

DAVID N. BOSSIE: President of Citizens United; founder/president of the Presidential Coalition; former investigator for the House Government Reform and Oversight Committee, investigating Clinton controversies

WES BOYD: Founder and president of MoveOn.org; board member of Progressive States Network; board member of Progress Now; secretary of Campaign to Defend America

MARGO BRANSCOMB: Board member of Coloradans for Economic Growth; school choice activist who has done work for Colorado Alliance for Reform in Education and the Alliance for Choice in Education

MATTHEW BROOKS: Treasurer of Freedom's Watch; executive director of Republican Jewish Coalition and Jewish Policy Center

FLOYD G. BROWN: Founder of Citizens United; founder and president of National Campaign Fund; president of Policy Issues Institute and Reagan Legacy Foundation; former executive director of Young America's Foundation; board member of American Conservative Union; helped produce the "Willie Horton ad" that damaged Michael Dukakis' 1988 presidential campaign; served as an advisor for several Republican presidential campaigns and in the Reagan Administration

CAROL BROWNER: Board member of League of Conservation Voters; former administrator of the Environmental Protection Agency; married to Michael Podhorzer

BILL BUCK:Spokesman for Majority Action; former press secretary to General Wesley Clark's 2004 presidential campaign and the DNC; worked on Clinton's 1992 presidential campaign

ANNA BURGER: Secretary-treasurer at SEIU; chair of the Change to Win labor federation; former director of Fund for America; vice chair of Democracy Alliance; board member of America Votes; board member of They Work for Us; advisor to Progress Now; former member of leadership circle of Majority Action

MARCIA BYSTRYN: Board member of League of Conservation Voters; president of New York League of Conservation Voters

C

EVERETT (BROWNIE) CARSON: Board member of League of Conservation Voters; executive director of Natural Resources Council of Maine

HARRY CARTER: Chair of Planned Parenthood Action Fund

JOHN J. CASTELLANI: Co-leader of Divided We Fail; president of Business Roundtable

LINDA CHAVEZ-THOMPSON: Executive vice president emerita of AFL-CIO; vice chair of the Democratic National Committee; former president of AFSCME

CURTIS P. CHEYNEY III: Secretary of Let Freedom Ring

BOBBY CLARK: Deputy director of Progress Now Action; worked on Howard Dean's internet campaign in 2004

CARRIE CLARK: Board member of League of Conservation Voters; executive director of Conservation Council of North Carolina

GEN. WESLEY CLARK: Member of VoteVets board of advisors; advisory board member of Democrats Work; trustee of Center for American Progress; 2004 presidential candidate

MARTIN COLLIER: Board member of Progress Now; executive director of Glaser Progress Foundation

MARY JEAN COLLINS: Senior VP and national political director at People for the American Way; former national vice president of National Organization for Women; board member of America Votes; board member of Choice USA

PATRICK COLLINS: Vice President for Finance and Administration for League of Conservation Voters

NOEY CONGDON: Board member of Progress Now Action

DAVE CONTARINO: President of Patriot Majority New Mexico; manager of former New Mexico Gov. Bill Richardson's presidential campaign; former chief of staff to Gov. Richardson

PATRICIA COOPER: Board member of Progress Now Action

BARBARA COUFAL: Steering committee co-chair of Health Care for America Now; assistant director of legislation at the American Federation of State, County and Municipal Employees

ED COYLE: Executive director of Alliance for Retired Americans; founder of Independent Action PAC; board member of America Votes

ED CRANE: President of the Cato Institute; co-founder of Club for Growth; board member of U.S. Term Limits

D

AMY K. DACEY: Government relations director at SEIU; former executive director of Fund for America; traveling political director for John Kerry's 2004 presidential campaign; former national political director for Sen. Kerry's political action committee; former deputy political director of the Democratic Senatorial Campaign Committtee; former state legislative program director for EMILY's List; former deputy political director at the Democratic Congressional Campaign Committee.

JOHN DeCOCK: President of Clean Water Action; former executive director of Sierra Club Foundation; board member of America Votes

CHRIS DESSER: Co-founder and board member of Women's Voices. Women Vote; Tomales Bay Institute fellow

CLIFF DODGE: Executive director of Coloradans for Economic Growth; state lobbyist; former Republican state senator; former chief of staff for state senate GOP

TAMMY DUCKWORTH: Member of VoteVets board of advisors; director of the Illinois Dept. of Veterans Affairs; unsuccessful Democratic candidate for Congress in 2006

ALAN P. DYE: Incorporator of the Employee Freedom Action Committee; counsel for Republican Ron Paul's presidential campaign; board member of Freedom House

E

REP. DONNA F. EDWARDS: Member of the U.S. House of Representatives (D-MD); board member at League of Conservation Voters (on leave of absence); board member on leave for They Work For Us; former executive director of Arca Foundation; co-founder and executive director of National Network to End Domestic Violence; former lobbyist for Public Citizen

ANNA EKINDJIAN: Development director at America Votes; former development director at Progressive Majority LILY ESKELSEN: Secretary-treasurer of the National Education Association; former Democratic nominee for Congress in Utah.

JOE EULE: Executive director of Freedom's Watch; former chief of staff to then-Rep. J.D. Hayworth (R-AZ)

F

ARI FLEISCHER: Secretary of Freedom's Watch; board member of Republican Jewish Coalition; former press secretary to President George W. Bush

IRA FORMAN: Executive director of National Jewish Democratic Council; board member of America Votes; director of congressional relations for the Office of Personnel Management under President Clinton; former political affairs director of the American Israel Public Affairs Committee

CARL FORTI: Executive vice president of Freedom's Watch; former Political Director to presidential candidate Mitt Romney; former communication director at the National Republican Congressional Committee

GEORGE T. FRAMPTON: Board member at League of Conservation Voters; former top environmental advisor to President Clinton; former president of Wilderness Society

KALYN FREE: Founder and president of INDN's List (Indigenous Democratic Network); member of Democratic National Committee; board member of America Votes

TYRONE FREEMAN: Board member of Working For Us PAC; president of SEIU's Long-Term Care Workers Union; former vice president of SEIU International

MARTIN FROST: President of America Votes; former Democratic congressman and former chair of the Democratic Congressional Campaign Committee

G

CAROLINE GABEL: Treasurer of Defenders of Wildlife Action Fund; president of the Shared Earth Foundation; former senior staffer to Rep. James Oberstar (D-MN)

MEGHAN GAFFNEY: Fundraiser for Majority Action; former Western regional financial services director at the Democratic Congressional Campaign Committee

PAGE S. GARDNER: Founder and president of Women's Voices. Women Vote; deputy political director for Bill Clinton's 1992 campaign

RICHARD GILDER: Chairman emeritus of Club for Growth; Republican donor BEN GINSBERG: Legal counsel to American Future Fund; counsel to Mitt Romney's presidential campaign; national counsel to both Bush-Cheney campaigns; legal adviser to Swift Boat Veterans for Truth; counsel to the Republican National Committee, National Republican Senatorial Committee, National Republican Congressional Committee and the Republican Governors Association

GINA GLANTZ: Vice chair of Planned Parenthood Action Fund; senior advisor to SEIU President Andy Stern; former aide to Howard Dean's 2004 presidential campaign; former national campaign manager for Bill Bradley's 2000 presidential campaign; founder of New Politics Institute; board member of Qvisory

TIM GOEGLEIN: Consultant for Let Freedom Ring; former Bush Administration liaison to religious conservatives

LAURENCE E. GOLD: Counsel to They Work For Us; associate general counsel of the AFL-CIO

ILANA GOLDMAN: President of Women's Campaign Forum; board member of America Votes

BARBARA GONZALEZ-MCINTOSH: General counsel for League of Conservation Voters

JOE GOODE: Executive director of Women's Voices. Women Vote; pollster for Bill Clinton's 1992 campaign

WADE GREENE: Honorary director of League of Conservation Voters; trustee of Beldon Fund; philanthropic advisor to the Rockefeller Family

ANTWAUN GRIFFIN: Georgia director for Barack Obama's presidential campaign; former national political director at America Votes; former regional political director for Sen. Chris Dodd's presidential campaign

LISA GUTHRIE: Board member at League of Conservation Voters board; executive director of Virginia League of Conservation Voters

H

PAUL HACKETT: Member of VoteVets board of advisors; unsuccessful Democrat candidate for Congress in 2006

PATRICK J. HALL: Former board member of Patriot Majority Midwest and Pioneer Majority; former executive director of Oklahoma Democratic Party

JAMES HANDS: Board member of the Employee Freedom Action Committee

COLIN A. HANNA: President of Let Freedom Ring

DEBORAH HAMILTON: Spokesperson for Let Freedom Ring; president of Newsguests.com; spokeswoman for Pennsylvania Family Institute, Citizens for Community Values in Ohio, New Jersey Family Policy Council and Exodus International

DAVID HARDT: Secretary of America Votes; president of Young Democrats of America

JOHN (JAY) A. HARRIS: Board member at League of Conservation Voters; Changing Horizons Fund

TODD HARRIS: Strategy and media consultant to Coalition for a Democratic Workplace; former communications director for Fred Thompson's presidential campaign; former strategist to Sen. John McCain, California Gov. Arnold Schwarzenegger and others

ARSHAD HASAN: Training director for Democracy for America; board member of America Votes; formerly worked with MoveOn.org PAC

ROBERT HAUPTMAN: SEIU Special Assistant to the Secretary-Treasurer for Operations; Member of board of managers of Catalist

BRUCE E. HAWKINS: Executive director of National Campaign Fund; straw poll manager for former GOP presidential candidate Mike Huckabee's Iowa campaign; former Washington State Director for Pat Buchanan in 1996 and Pat Robertson in 1988

PETE HEGSETH: Chairman/co-founder of Vets for Freedom

PAUL HELMKE: Board member of America Votes; president of Brady Campaign to Prevent Gun Violence; former mayor of Fort Wayne, Ind.

MARY KAY HENRY: Executive vice president of SEIU

J.B. HOLSTON: Board member of Progress Now Action

ARLENE HOLT BAKER: Executive VP of AFL-CIO; former area director for AFSCME; former vice chair of the California Democratic Party

RAMPA R. HORMEL: Board member of League of Conservation Voters; president of the Global Environment Project Institute

JOE HOUSEHOLDER: Secretary of American Alliance for Energy Independence; former director of Patriot Majority; former communications director for Sen. Hillary Clinton (D-NY); former communications director for former Iowa Gov. Tom Vilsack

HELEN HOWELL: Board member of Planned Parenthood; former counsel to Sen. Patty Murray (D-WA); former special assistant to the President and White House deputy staff secretary under President Clinton

GERALD (GERRY) HUDSON: Executive vice president of SEIU; former political director of NY state Democratic Party

JOHN HUNTING: Board member at League of Conservation Voters; trustee of Beldon Fund

MAUDE HURD: President of the Association of Community Organizations for Reform Now (ACORN); board member of America Votes

EVAN HUTCHISON: Political director of Vote Vets; regional director for Wesley Clark's 2004 presidential campaign

MICHAEL HUTTNER: Executive director of Progress Now Action; former policy advisor to Colorado Governor Roy Romer

J

AVIS JONES-DE WEEBER: Board member of Women's Voices. Women Vote Action Fund

K

ELAINE KAMARCK: Member of Vote Vets board of advisors; served in the Clinton Administration

GENE KARPINSKI: President of League of Conservation Voters; board member of America Votes; trustee of Beldon Fund; former executive director of U.S. Public Interest Research Group

DAVID KEATING: Executive director of Club for Growth; board member and senior counselor at National Taxpayers Union

NANCY KEENAN: President of NARAL Pro-choice America; board member of America Votes

TIM KELLY: Vice President of Policy Issues Institute; radio network founder; vice president of Reagan Legacy Foundation

BOB KERREY: Member of Vote Vets board of advisors; < href="http://www.newschool.edu/president/biography.aspx?s=1">president of The New School; and former governor(D-NE)

TOM KIERNAN: Treasurer of League of Conservation Voters; president of National Parks Conservation Association

RICHARD KIRSCH: National Campaign Manager of Health Care for America Now; former executive director of Citizen Action of New York, board member of USAction

LAWRENCE J. KORB: Member of Vote Vets board of advisors; senior fellow at Center for American Progress; senior advisor to Center for Defense Information; assistant Secretary of Defense under President Reagan

L

JAMES V. LACY: Treasurer and general counsel of National Campaign Fund; treasurer and secretary of Policy Issues Institute; treasurer for Citizens for a Safe and Prosperous America; member of Republican State Central Committee of California; co-founded Howard Jarvis Taxpayers Association; former board member of Ocean Institute, the American Conservative Union, and Young America's Foundation; former treasurer of the Legacy Committee

MARC LAMPKIN: Executive director of Strong American Schools; deputy campaign manager for President Bush's 2000 campaign; senior Bush-Cheney political operative at 2000 Republican National Convention; a leader in Florida recount efforts; former general counsel for the House Republican Conference

BARBARA LEACH: President/founder of My Rural America; board member of America Votes

MICHAEL LEAVITT: Political director at Freedom's Watch; former deputy political director to John McCain's presidential campaign

FRAYDA LEVIN: Board member of Club for Growth; chair of New Jersey chapter of Americans for Prosperity

LINDA LIPSEN: Lobbyist for American Association for Justice; board member of America Votes; board member of Grassroots Democrats LISA LISKER: Treasurer of American Future Fund Political Action; treasurer of the McCain Victory Committee, a joint fundraising committee for McCain's presidential campaign and the Republican National Committee; treasurer of numerous other Republican political action committees

MARK LONGABAUGH: Executive director of Majority Action; former political director of Defenders of Wildlife Action Fund; former senior VP of political affairs for League of Conservation Voters; worked on Clinton's 1992 presidential campaign

MARK LOTWIS: Executive director of 21st Century Democrats; former campaign planning director at DCCC; board member of America Votes

WILLIAM LUCY: International secretary-treasurer of American Federation of State, County, and Municipal Employees (AFSCME); founder and president of the Coalition of Black Trade Unionists; board member of Americans for Democratic Action; vice chair of the Solidarity Center

MICHAEL LUX President of a political consulting company called Progressive Strategies; President of American Family Voices; coordinates Progressive Donor Network; board member and co-founder of Americans United for Change, Grassroots Democrats, Progressive Majority, Ballot Initiative Strategy Center and Women's Voices. Women Vote; former senior VP for political action at People for the American Way; served President Clinton as special assistant for public liaison; former aide to Sen. Hillary Clinton

M

MIMI MAGER: Founding member of EMILY's List; board member of Women's Voices. Women Vote; member of Clinton-Gore transition team

ELLEN MALCOLM: Founder/president of EMILY's List; board member of America Votes

ELENA MARKS: Chair of Planned Parenthood Federation of America; director of health and environment for mayor of Houston

VALERIE MARTIN: Treasurer of Let Freedom Ring; CFO of the John Templeton Foundation

TONY MASSARO: Senior VP for Political Affairs and Public Education for League of Conservation Voters; former executive director of Colorado League of Conservation Voters

TOM MATZZIE: Treasurer of Progressive Majority; founder and chair of Accountable America; former Washington director of MoveOn; board member of Working For Us PAC; former treasurer of Campaign to Defend America and secretary of Progressive Media USA; previously led Americans Against Escalation in Iraq; organized a campaign against Social Security privatization at Campaign for America's Future; former online director for 2004 Kerry-Edwards campaign; former online director for the AFL-CIO

LARRY MCCARTHY: Media consultant to American Future Fund; worked for Mitt Romney's presidential campaign in 2008 and the Progress For America Voter Fund in 2004; worked for Sens. Lisa Murkowski (R-AK), Susan Collins (R-ME) and Conrad Burns (R-MT), and the Republican Governors Association; former communications director of the National Republican Senatorial Committee; produced the controversial "Willie Horton ad" that damaged Michael Dukakis' 1988 presidential campaign

WINSOME MCINTOSH:Board member of Defenders of Wildlife Action Fund; co-founder of Rachel's Network; former board member of League of Conservation Voters

WILLIAM McNARY: President of USAction; board member of Women's Voices. Women Vote

GERALD W. McENTEE: International president of American Federation of State, County, and Municipal Employees (AFSCME); chair of the AFL-CIO's Political Education Committee; co-chair of Grassroots Democrats; co-founder and board member of Economic Policy Institute

ROB McKAY: Chair of Democracy Alliance; former secretary-treasurer of Fund for America; former director of America Coming Together; board member of Progress Now; Taco Bell heir

WILLIAM H. MEADOWS III: Board member at League of Conservation Voters; president of the Wilderness Society

ELISEO MEDINA: Executive president of SEIU; honorary chair of Democratic Socialists of America

TIM MILLER: Communication director of the Employee Freedom Action Committee

GREG MOORE: Executive director of NAACP National Voter Fund; board member of America Votes; former deputy political director for Democratic National Committee

MARKOS MOULITSAS ZUNIGA: Board member of They Work For Us; founder of the blog Daily Kos

MIKE MURPHY: Strategy and media cosultant to Coalition for a Democratic Workplace; senior strategist for Sen. John McCain's 2000 presidential campaign and California Gov. Arnold Schwarzenegger's 2003 recall election, among other campaigns; he is a founding member of a presidentof Democracia USA, a project of People for the American Way

PHIL MUSSER: Advisor to American Future Fund; senior advisor for Mitt Romney's presidential campaign; former executive director of Republican Governors Association; former deputy chief of staff at the U.S. Department of Housing and Urban Development under President Bush; worked for the 2000 Bush-Cheney campaign

N

SCOTT NATHAN: Board member of League of Conservation Voters

MARIO DANIEL NICOLAIS: II Incorporated Coloradans for Economic Growth; former senior research analyst and county chair for Rudy Giuliani's presidential campaign; political director for Bob Schaffer's 2004 Senate campaign

BILL NOVELLI: Co-leader of Divided We Fail; CEO of AARP; chairman of Campaign for Tobacco-Free Kids; former executive vice president of CARE

KNOX NUNNALLY: Co-founder of Vets for Freedom

O

STEPHEN J. O'CONNOR: Assistant treasurer of Freedom's Watch

CARRIE OLSON: Treasurer and COO of MoveOn

P

ELI PARISER: Executive director of MoveOn; board member of America Votes; board member of They Work for Us; advisor to Progress Now

ED PATRU: Vice president for communications at Freedom's Watch; former communications director at House Republican Conference; former deputy communications director at National Republican Congressional Committee

DOUG PHELPS: President and chairman of U.S. PIRG; chairman of the Advisory Board of the Fund for Public Interest Research; chair of Green Corps; board member of Progress Now

T. BOONE PICKENS: Leader of the Pickens Plan; founder and chairman of BP Capital Management; former executive finance committee member for Rudy Giuliani's presidential campaign; major donor to Swift Boat Veterans for Truth and other Republican causes

CHUCK PIKE: Vice president of Club for Growth

KHALID PITTS: Steering committee co-chair of Health Care for America Now; director of political accountability at SEIU; former state director of Coalition to Stop Gun Violence; board member of USAction; board member of Coalition on Human Needs; Virginia state director for Dick Gephardt's 2004 presidential campaign

JOHN PODESTA: CEO and president of Center for American Progress; board member of Women's Voices. Women Vote; board member at League of Conservation Voters; adviser to Progress Now; former director at Fund for America; former chief of staff to President Bill Clinton

MICHAEL PODHORZER: Deputy director of political strategy for AFL-CIO; member of board of managers of Catalist; former associate director of Citizen Action; married to Carol Browner (ABOVE)

JONATHAN POISNER: Board member at League of Conservation Voters; executive director of Oregon League of Conservation Voters

ZACH POLETT: National political director of ACORN; former executive director of Project Vote; board member of America Votes

JARED POLIS: Board member of Progress Now Action; currently running for the U.S. House of Representatives

LANA POLLACK: Board member at League of Conservation Voters; president of Michigan Environmental Council

CARL POPE: Executive director of Sierra Club; former executive director of California League of Conservation Voters; board member of America Votes; adviser to Progress Now

R

GEORGE RAKIS: Former director of Patriot Majority and American Public Policy Committee; former political director of the Democratic Governors Association; former regional political director for the Democratic National Committee; led planning process for America Votes; coordinated campaign director for Michigan Democratic Party during 2000 elections

DOUGLAS RAMSEY: Secretary-treasurer of Citizens United

DEBORAH RAPPAPORT: Founder and CEO of Skyline Public Works; founder and president of New Progressive Coalition; board member of People for the American Way; board member of Progress Now; board member of Rock the Vote

MICHAEL REAGAN: Founder of the Presidential Coalition; chair of the Policy Issues Institute; chair of the Reagan Legacy Foundation; adopted son of Ronald Reagan

KATHY REDMOND: Communications director for Coloradans for Economic Growth; founder of National Coalition Against Violent Athletes

NEIL REIFF: Deputy general counsel to DNC; lawyer copied on Campaign to Defend America's FEC filings

MAGGIE RHEINSTEIN: Treasurer of Women's Voices. Women Vote Action Fund; board member of Women's Voices. Women Vote

THOMAS L. "DUSTY" RHODES: Chairman of Club for Growth; chair of National Review

MIKE RICE: Former board member of Patriot Majority, Pioneer Majority, Patriot Majority Midwest and Citizens for Progress; former research director for the California Democratic Party and gubernatorial candidate Kathleen Brown in 1994

HOWARD RICH: Chair of Americans for Limited Government; chair of U.S. Term Limits; board member of Cato Institute; board member of Club for Growth

CECILE RICHARDS: President of Planned Parenthood Action Fund; former deputy chief of staff to Democratic Leader Nancy Pelosi; current board member and former president of America Votes; daughter of former Texas Democratic Gov. Ann Richards

BILL ROBERTS: Chair of League of Conservation Voters; board member of Progress Now; executive director of Beldon Fund; former strategic communications director and legislative director for Environmental Defense Fund

RON ROBINSON: President of Young America's Foundation; board member of Citizens United; board member of the American Conservative Union

CHUCK ROCHA: Board member of They Work For Us; national political director for United Steelworkers; national labor director for former Sen. Richard Gephardt's 2004 presidential campaign

LARRY ROCKEFELLER: Board member at League of Conservation Voters; president of American Conservation Association

ROY ROMER: Chairman of Strong American Schools; former Democratic governor of Colorado; former chair of the Democratic National Committee; former national vice chair of the Democratic Leadership Council; national co-chair of the 1996 Clinton-Gore campaign; former chair of the Democratic Governors Association; former superintendent of the Los Angeles Unified School District

THEODORE ROOSEVELT IV: Board member at League of Conservation Voters; chair of Pew Center for Global Climate Change; member of Governing Council of the Wilderness Society; member of Council on Foreign Relations.

ROSA ROSALES: National president of League of United Latin American Citizens (LULAC); former office director at SEIU

SIMON ROSENBERG: President/founder of NDN (formerly New Democrat Network); board member of America Votes; member of the 1992 Clinton campaign "war room"; worked at the Democratic Naitonal Committee and Democratic Leadership Council

STEVE ROSENTHAL: Founder and board member of They Work For Us and Working For Us PAC; founder and former CEO of American Coming Together; former political director of the AFL-CIO; former Associate Deputy Secretary of Labor under President Clinton; former deputy political director for the Democratic National Committee

DONALD K. ROSS: Chair of board at Greenpeace US; board member of League of Conservation Voters; worked with Ralph Nader to organize Public Interest Research Groups; former director of New York PIRG

ANDREW ROTH: Director of Government Affairs of Club for Growth

MELISSA ROY: Executive director of They Work For Us; former deputy political director of America Coming Together; former director of outreach for Sen. Hillary Clinton's political action committee; former staffer at Democratic Governors Association

ADAM ROZANSKY: Director of operations of Club for Growth

JEFF RUSNAK: Board member of Progress Now; co-founder of the now-defunct Reform Ohio Now; board member of National Jewish Democratic Council; advisor to the presidential campaigns of Michael Dukakis, General Wesley Clark, former Senator Bob Kerrey, and Rev. Jesse Jackson

S

JOE SANDLER: General counsel to the Democratic National Committee; former counsel to MoveOn; incorporator of Campaign to Defend America

ERIKA SATHER: Director of development at Club for Growth

LARRY SCANLON: Political director of American Federation of State, County, and Municipal Employees (AFSCME); board member of America Votes

JACKI SCHECHNER: Director of communications of Health Care for America Now; former CNN correspondent

RODGER SCHLICKEISEN: President/CEO of Defenders of Wildlife; vice chair of League of Conservation Voters; board member of America Votes; former chief of staff to Sen. Max Baucus (D-MT)

NICOLE SCHLINGER President of American Future Fund; former finance director of the Iowa Republican Party; Iowa straw poll director for Republican Mitt Romney's presidential campaign; president of Capitol Resources, a fundraising firm for Republican candidates

ERIC SCHMELTZER: Communications director for Vote Vets; worked on Howard Dean's 2004 presidential campaign

GAIL SCHOETTLER: Board member of Progress Now Action; former Lieutenant Governor of Colorado; board member of Colorado Conservation Trust; former Clinton-appointed U.S. ambassador

BRENT SEABORN: Consultant for Coloradans for Economic Growth; strategy director for Rudy Giuliani's 2008 presidential campaign; worked on President Bush's 2004 campaign; worked for National Republican Senatorial Committee

MARK SEAVEY: Co-founder of Vets for Freedom; assistant director of the National Legislative Commission of the American Legion

MEL SEMBLER: Director of Freedom's Watch; longtime GOP donor; former ambassador to Italy under President George W. Bush and President George H.W. Bush; former finance chairman for the Republican National Committee; former finance co-chair of President George H.W. Bush's inauguration; former honorary chair of Republican Jewish Coalition; founder of controversial drug treatment centers

ALLISON SHAY: Board member of the Employee Freedom Action Committee; former lobbyist for the National Restaurant Association

KARIN SHELDON: Board member of Defenders of Wildlife Action Fund; executive director of Western Resource Advocates; former president of the Wilderness Society; member of Clinton Administration transition team for Dept. of the Interior

PEGGY SHEPARD: Executive director of WE ACT for Environmental Justice; board member of League of Conservation Voters; board member of Environmental Defense

KAREN SHEPHERD: Board member of Planned Parenthood; former member of Congress (D-UT)

TERRI SHUCK: Senior VP for Development for League of Conservation Voters; formerly worked with Campaign for America's Future and ACORN

SHAMINA SINGH: Board member of Planned Parenthood; worked with America Votes; former senior advisor to Speaker Nancy Pelosi; served in Dept. of Labor under President Clinton; former lobbyist for SEIU

KEITH SIROIS: Board member of the Employee Freedom Action Committee

SUSAN SMARTT: Board member at League of Conservation Voters; executive director of California League of Conservation Voters

LIZ SMITH: Board member of America Votes

JOE SOLMONESE: President of Human Rights Campaign; board member of America Votes; former CEO of EMILY's List

NACHAMA SOLOVEICHIK: Communications director of Club for Growth

JON SOLTZ: Co-founder and chairman of Vote Vets; volunteered for John Kerry's 2004 presidential campaign

GREG SPEED: Executive director of America Votes; adviser to Progress Now; former communications director at the Democratic Congressional Campaign Committee

MALEA STENZEL: Executive director and secretary of Vote Vets

JACKSON T. STEPHENS: Board member of Club for Growth; major Republican donor; founder of Arkansas Policy Foundation

ANDY STERN: President of SEIU; founder of Change to Win; president of Five Stones; co-leader of Divided We Fail; board member of Wal-mart Watch, Rock the Vote, Qvisory and Economic Policy Institute

JOHN STOCKS: Deputy executive director of the National Education Association union; former director of Fund for America; adviser to Progress Now

TODD STOTTLEMYER: Co-leader of Divided We Fail; president and CEO of National Federation of Independent Business

ROB STUTZMAN: Strategy and media consultant to Coalition for a Democratic Workplace; former deputy chief of staff of communications to California Gov. Arnorld Schwarzenegger; member of a political consulting firm called Navigators

ANNE SUMMERS: Board member of Progress Now

JOHN J. SWEENEY: President of the AFL-CIO; former president of SEIU; chair of Solidarity Center

T

GREG TARPINIAN: Executive director of Change to Win; board member of America Votes

RYAN TEAGUE: Counsel at Freedom's Watch ED TOBIN: Advisor to American Future Fund; former executive director of Republican Governors Association

PATRICK J. TOOMEY: President of Club for Growth; former Republican congressman from Pennsylvania

GLORIA TOTTEN: President of Progressive Majority; board member of America Votes; former political director of NARAL; Board member of Progress Now Action; member of national board of governors for Human Rights Campaign; board member of Equal Rights Colorado; board member of Gender Public Advocacy Coalition

RICHARD L. TRUMKA: Secretary-Treasurer of AFL-CIO; former president of United Mine Workers of America; board member of Economic Policy Institute; secretary-treasurer of Solidarity Center

U

LYNDE B. UIHLEIN: Board member at League of Conservation Voters; founder of Lynde B. Uihlein Foundation

V

JAN VAN LOHUIZEN: Pollster and advisor to American Future Fund; pollster for President Bush, the Republican National Committee and Mitt Romney's presidential campaign

DENNIS VAN ROEKEL: President-elect and current vice president of the National Education Association

CRAIG VAROGA: Runs Patriot Majority and its affiliates (Patriot Majority West, Patriot Majority Midwest, Patriot Majority New Mexico and Patriot Majority for a Strong America); president of Alliance for North Carolina and American Alliance for Energy Independence; director of American Public Policy Committee, American Affordable Healthcare, and Bluegrass Freedom Fund; board member of Midwest Alliance for Better Government; managed former Iowa Gov. Tom Vilsack's presidential campaign; national field director for Gen. Wesley Clark's presidential campaign; worked on 1996 Clinton-Gore re-election campaign; former communications director to Sen. Harry Reid (D-NV)

JUAN MARCOS VILAR: SEIU's presidential campaign state director for Virginia and special assistant to SEIU Secretary-Treasurer Anna Burger; board member of America Votes; former board member of Catalist; former board member of USAction.

W

REGINALD WEAVER: President of National Education Association; board member of America Votes

WILLIAM WEIDNER: Chair of Freedom's Watch; president of Las Vegas Sands Corp.

KAREN WHITE: Director of campaigns and elections at the National Education Association; former political director of EMILY's List

KIRBY WILBUR: Board member of Citizens United, Young America's Foundation, American Conservative Union and Second Amendment Foundation; delegate to three National Republican Conventions; radio talk show host

KRISTINA WILFORE: Executive director of the Ballot Initiative Strategy Center; board member of America Votes

J. JUSTIN WILSON: Managing director and secretary-treasurer of the Employee Freedom Action Committee; managing director of the Center for Union Facts

MAGGIE WILLIAMS: Former campaign manager for Sen. Hillary Clinton's presidential campaign; former member of Women's Voices. Women Vote leadership team; trustee of City Year; former chief of staff to First Lady Hillary Clinton

BILLY WIMSATT: Board member of America Votes; former executive director and founder of League of Young Voters

BRAD WOODHOUSE: Communications director for Democratic National Committee; President on-leave for Americans United for Change; former spokesman for DSCC; board member of America Votes

TOM WOODRUFF: Executive vice president of SEIU; chief architect of Change to Win labor coalition

JOE DAN WORLEY: Co-founder of Vets for Freedom

BRIAN WORTH: Head of Coalition for a Democratic Workplace; VP of government affairs for Independent Electrical Contractors

Y

ED YOON: New Mexico campaign manager for Defenders of Wildlife Action Fund; manager of Defenders of Wildlife Action Fund's successful campaign to defeat Rep. Richard Pombo (CA-R) in 2006; former national outreach director at American Democracy Institute

JON YOUNGDAHL: National political director of SEIU; board member of Progressive Majority; advisor to Progress Now

Z

JUDITH ZAMORE: Custodian of records for Majority Action; former campaign treasurer for Sen. Sherrod Brown (D-OH)

JOE ZIMLICH: Board member of Progress Now

WADE ZIRKLE: Co-founder of Vets for Freedom; member of McCain's 2008 Virginia leadership team

ED ZUCKERMAN: Senior VP for State Capacity Building at League of Conservation Voters

DAVID ZWICK: Treasurer of America Votes; founder and former president of Clean Water Action; founder of Citizens Campaigns, Inc.

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