Debates Thrust Lincoln Into Public Eye
ANDREA SEABROOK, host:
Tonight in a California church, John McCain and Barack Obama share a stage for the first time in their presidential campaigns. It's not a debate but it does recall one of the defining moments in American history, and it's where we get tonight's parting words.
The year: 1858 - two men, two campaigns. The senator from Illinois speaks first.
J.J. SUTHERLAND: (as Stephen Douglas) I desire to know whether Mr. Lincoln today stands, as he did in 1854, in favor of the unconditional repeal of the fugitive slave law. I desire him to answer, whether he stands pledged today, as he did in 1854, against the admission of any more slave states in the Union, even if the people want them.
SEABROOK: The words of Stephen A. Douglas, then the Democratic senator from Illinois.
This coming week marks the 150th anniversary of the first Lincoln-Douglas debate. There were seven of these debates in 1858, as the lanky Abraham Lincoln battled to unseat the stout incumbent, Stephen Douglas. Tens of thousands turned out to see a Republican and a Democrat debate slavery.
Stephen Douglas painted his opponent as a waffler, an abolitionist, even, as he derisively put it, a black Republican. If you desire negro citizenship, he said, vote for Mr. Lincoln.
SUTHERLAND: (as Stephen Douglas) My principles are the same everywhere. I can proclaim them alike in the north, the south, the east and the west. My principles will apply wherever the Constitution prevails and the American flag waves.
SEABROOK: These were nothing like what we call debates today. On august 21, 1858, Stephen Douglas's opening speech lasted a full hour. Then Abe Lincoln replied for an hour and a half. This is the man who would eventually sign the Emancipation Proclamation. But some of the words he spoke that night might surprise you.
TOM COLE: (as Abraham Lincoln) There is no reason in the world why the negro is not entitled to all the natural rights enumerated in the Declaration of Independence. The right to life, liberty and the pursuit of happiness. I hold that he is as much entitled to these as the white man. I agree with Judge Douglas; he is not my equal in many respects - certainly not in color - perhaps not in moral or intellectual endowment. But in the right to eat the bread without the leave of anybody else, which his own hand earns, he is my equal. And the equal of Judge Douglas and the equal of every living man.
SEABROOK: Abraham Lincoln failed to unseat Stephen Douglas in the 1858 Senate race. But those seven debates thrust him into the national spotlight. A couple years later, the two men met again. This time in the presidential campaign, and the rest is history.
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SEABROOK: Our voice actors today - Honest Tom Cole as Lincoln and J.J. Sutherland as Douglas.
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SEABROOK: And that's ALL THINGS CONSIDERED from NPR News. I'm Andrea Seabrook. Have a great night.
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