hide captionIn the film adaptation of the "Twilight" book series, Edward (Robert Pattinson) comes from a conscientious clan of vampires who have chosen not to prey on human flesh — including his girlfriend, Bella (Kristen Stewart).
In the film adaptation of the "Twilight" book series, Edward (Robert Pattinson) comes from a conscientious clan of vampires who have chosen not to prey on human flesh — including his girlfriend, Bella (Kristen Stewart).
A new generation of vampire heroes has stepped out of the moonlight and into the cultural spotlight — dominating best-seller lists, movies and TV with its dangerous mystique. The modern-day vampire gentleman is eerily alluring in all the old-fashioned, bloodsucking ways, but now he reins in his baser instincts in an impressive display of control.
There have been hundreds of depictions of vampires over the years, but Bela Lugosi in the 1931 film Dracula still defines the role. Lugosi leaned over his pretty female victims without remorse and — without the aid of special effects, blood or fangs — managed to be really, really creepy.
Eric Nuzum, author of The Dead Travel Fast, says vampires have been around in one form or another since ancient times. And while vampires cannot see their own reflections in the mirror, they are a perfect reflection of the culture that creates them.
"You look at vampires from any given era and you see what they thought was frightening," Nuzum says. "You see what they thought was sexy, and what they thought was forbidden."
The Southern Gentleman Vampire
The latest craze is the romantic — or even chivalrous — vampire. In HBO's True Blood series, vampires prowl openly through small-town America and even campaign for their civil rights.
Sookie, a young, pretty waitress, falls for a vampire named Bill, and, just like any young woman, her interest only intensifies when her friends object to her new crush:
"You don't know how many people he's sucked the blood out of," Sookie's friend warns.
True Blood is based on Charlaine Harris' "Southern Vampires" book series. Harris creates a fictional world inhabited by good and bad vampires alike. She constructs Bill as a genteel vampire who protects Sookie from the worst of his kind — even as he tries to reign in his own baser instincts.
Harris says Bill's restraint makes him all the more alluring: "I could rip you limb from limb, but because I think you're so great, I'm going to be very, very careful. That's got to be kind of intoxicating," she says.
Edward, the hero of Stephenie Meyers' "Twilight" series, has stolen the hearts of "tween" girls everywhere. Fans of this conscientious young vampire live vicariously through his romance with Bella, his high school sweetheart.
Edward and his clan refuse to feed off humans, and Meyer explains that this choice is what makes him so popular.
"These are vampires," Meyer says. "They are these creatures who exist to hunt humans. They are evil and they choose something different. They find another way. And I think kids respond to the idea that it doesn't matter where I am in life; I always have a choice."
Nina Auerbach, author of Our Vampires, Ourselves, believes every age gets the vampire it wants.
"Vampires aren't supposed to be restrained," Auerbach says. "They're all our hungers. That's why they're vampires."
In the 1960s and '70s, she says, vampires took young women away from their narrow lives and transformed them. But when AIDS came onto the scene, even the fictional prospect of uninhibited bloodsucking fell out of favor. Though Auerbach says this is completely understandable, she finds this latest crop of vampires kind of ... boring .
"These are very abstinent vampires," Auerbach says. "If he truly loves you, he will not do it to you."
Whether they terrify, entrance or court their victims, vampires are always on the prowl. Waiting for that moment when the moon comes out, and the cultural spotlight shines on them again.
Dracula can't see his own reflection in the mirror because he is a reflection of the culture around him. Ever since Bram Stoker penned Dracula in 1897, the vampire's image has been a work in progress.
In the 43 sequels, remakes and adaptations of Stoker's novel, Transylvania's most famous son rarely appears the same way twice. He has evolved with the society around him. His physical traits, powers and weaknesses have morphed to suit cultural and political climates from the Victorian era to the Cold War.
Read on to see how the "Son of the Devil" has changed over time: