Court Settles Fight Between Boehner, McDermott

The D.C. Circuit Appeals Court resolved a lawsuit stemming from a decade-old political battle between two lawmakers: Republican John Boehner of Ohio and Democrat James McDermott of Washington. The court said McDermott broke a law when he gave an illegally intercepted phone recording to The New York Times.

Copyright © 2007 NPR. For personal, noncommercial use only. See Terms of Use. For other uses, prior permission required.

ROBERT SIEGEL, host:

From NPR News, this is ALL THINGS CONSIDERED. I'm Robert Siegel.

MELISSA BLOCK, host:

And I'm Melissa Block.

A 10-year-old political dispute was resolved today at the federal appeals court here in Washington, D.C.

As NPR's Ari Shapiro reports that the case about politics, free speech and privacy rights and it may be the first time one member of Congress has sued another.

ARI SHAPIRO: The case started with an illegally recorded telephone conversation. A couple in Florida intercepted a conference call among Republican congressional leaders. One was Newt Gingrich, who was House Speaker at the time. And the discussion was about allegations that he had violated ethics rules.

The couple in Florida taped the conversation in violation of the law and they gave the tape to the top Democrat on the House Ethics Committee: Congressman Jim McDermott of Washington. Taping the call was clearly illegal, no question there.

The couple pleaded guilty and paid a fine. The question that's been bouncing around the courts for the last 10 years is whether what happens next was illegal, too. Congress Jim McDermott played the tape for a New York Times reporter who published an account of the call the next day.

Congressman John Boehner, who is among those on the callback in 1996, sued, saying McDermott violated his privacy. McDermott says he was exercising his freedom of speech. Today's 5-4 ruling from the D.C. Circuit Appeals Court says Boehner was right. McDermott broke the law when he played the tape for the New York Times.

But there's a catch. The court said McDermott is only guilty because he was a member of the House Ethics Committee. The majority opinion reads, when Representative McDermott became a member of the Ethics Committee, he voluntarily accepted a duty of confidentiality that covered his receipt and handling of the illegal recording.

He, therefore, had no First Amendment right to disclose the tape to the media. Neil Richards teaches just First Amendment and Privacy Law at Washington University in St. Louis.

Professor NEIL RICHARDS (First Amendment and Privacy Law, Washington University): The D.C. Circuit made clear that it was the role of McDermott on the House Ethics Committee, which has duty the confidentiality for its members and where the House itself had found that there was a violation (unintelligible). That that was the wrong here, not the illegal interception.

SHAPIRO: So does that mean the New York Times is breathing a sigh of relief today?

Prof. RICHARDS: I think so. Was the New York Times is on the House Ethics Committee?

SHAPIRO: The New York Times is one of more than a dozen media organizations that file brief supporting McDermott. And while McDermott personally lost today, the news organizations won on the larger question of their legal liability when they distribute, what, someone else obtained illegally.

Stanley Brand used to be counsel to the House of Representatives. He advised the member who first received the tape to hand it over to the House Ethics Committee. Now, more than 10 years later, he thinks this case will have little consequence beyond political bragging rights?

Mr. STANLEY BRAND (Former Counsel, House of Representatives): This case was always about the unique context that occurred in, which was a fight under the dome between two political factions. And I think it doesn't really advance the law, the First Amendment, one way or the other.

SHAPIRO: At least not so resolved of today's ruling, which may still be reviewed by the Supreme Court.

Ari Shapiro, NPR News, Washington.

Copyright © 2007 NPR. All rights reserved. No quotes from the materials contained herein may be used in any media without attribution to NPR. This transcript is provided for personal, noncommercial use only, pursuant to our Terms of Use. Any other use requires NPR's prior permission. Visit our permissions page for further information.

NPR transcripts are created on a rush deadline by a contractor for NPR, and accuracy and availability may vary. This text may not be in its final form and may be updated or revised in the future. Please be aware that the authoritative record of NPR's programming is the audio.

Comments

 

Please keep your community civil. All comments must follow the NPR.org Community rules and terms of use, and will be moderated prior to posting. NPR reserves the right to use the comments we receive, in whole or in part, and to use the commenter's name and location, in any medium. See also the Terms of Use, Privacy Policy and Community FAQ.

Support comes from: