GUY RAZ, host:

We're back with ALL THINGS CONSIDERED from NPR News. I'm Guy Raz.

You can hear our story on Turkey's smoking ban at our Web site, npr.org.

But now, we turn to Frank McCourt.

The Irish-American writer who turned his grim childhood into the best-selling memoir "Angela's Ashes" died today. He was 78 years old. McCourt had been gravely ill with meningitis and was being treated for skin cancer.

Malachy McCourt, also a writer, said his brother died this afternoon at a New York hospice. Frank McCourt's success came late in life. He was a retired schoolteacher in his 60s when he wrote "Angela's Ashes." He followed that story up with two more memoirs.

NPR's Lynn Neary has this remembrance.

LYNN NEARY: It took Frank McCourt almost a lifetime to absorb the blows of his childhood so thoroughly that he was able to write about his bleak upbringing in an alcoholic household in Limerick, Ireland, in a way that made other people want to read about it.

When "Angela's Ashes" was first published, the New York Times review noted, there was not a trace of bitterness or resentment in it. But McCourt told interviewers that there had been anger, and he had to get over it in order to write the book. He also had to learn to believe that his story was worth telling.

During an interview with NPR in 1999, McCourt said he began to understand that when he moved to this country and started reading the work of Sean O'Casey.

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Mr. FRANK McCOURT (Author, "Angela's Ashes"): O'Casey was writing about people in the streets and his mother and dying babies and poverty. So that astounded me because I thought you could only write about English matters. I didn't know you could write about yourself; nobody ever told me about this.

NEARY: While he was writing "Angela's Ashes," McCourt used to hang out in a bar in Greenwich Village called the Lion's Head, and it was there that he became friends with the writer Mary Breasted.

He asked her to read the book. She was stunned by its restrained tragedy and transcendent humor.

Ms. MARY BREASTED (Writer): I stayed up late. I had young children then, and I was a tired mother — and I did not stop reading it until it was done, and my husband was annoyed because I was laughing and making noise in the bed next to him. I mean, I just thought it was the best work on growing up in Ireland that I had read since James Joyce in "Portrait of the Artist."

NEARY: Breasted helped McCourt find an agent, and the book was published in 1996 when McCourt was 66 years old. "Angela's Ashes" was wildly popular, staying atop the best-seller lists for two years. McCourt won numerous awards, including the 1997 Pulitzer Prize.

Breasted says McCourt handled his newfound fame remarkably well.

Ms. BREASTED: He's handled it better than anybody I've ever known. You know, he just didn't turn into a jerk who was famous. He didn't leave his wife. He didn't forget his old friends. He just was supremely happy. And - but he kept a kind of grounded, sort of somber sense of the realities of life.

NEARY: McCourt's second memoir, "'Tis," took up the story of his life when he moved to this country at the age of 19. His third book, "Teacher Man," was the story of his years as a teacher in the New York City school system.

With all his success, McCourt didn't give up teaching entirely. For the last 10 years, he taught a workshop in memoir writing at Stony Brook Southampton College.

Robert Reeves is the director of the master of fine arts program in writing there.

Mr. ROBERT REEVES (Director, Master of Fine Arts Program, Stony Brook Southampton): He was enormously a popular teacher. And reliably, his workshops would fill up immediately. Some days, in the very first after we offered admission, the very first batch of mail, it would be 20 applications all for Frank.

NEARY: Reeves says McCourt brought the same sense of humor and charm to his teaching that was so evident in his writing. He liked to laugh at himself, and Reeves says he enjoyed life in spite of - or perhaps because of - the tough pitches life had thrown his way.

Mr. REEVES: And so some said Frank's serenity may have come from the fact that he's surrounded by, and had lived through, so many things that would be upsetting to serenity. And so there was a willful calm and happiness. I think people can decide to be happy. Maybe that was it.

NEARY: McCourt had been planning to teach the writing workshop again this summer, but he wasn't able to in the end.

Lynn Neary, NPR News, Washington.

RAZ: You can hear Frank McCourt talk about his early years, his time at New York University and the American dream. It's all at npr.org.

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