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Now that a handful of states have legalized same-sex marriage, gay couples in other places wanting to get married must make a road trip. Now, a couple of law professors are proposing that states where same-sex marriage is legal allow gay couples in other states to get their marriage licenses from them online. From member station WKAR in East Lansing, Michigan, Kevin Lavery reports.

KEVIN LAVERY: On a Saturday afternoon in 2004, Chris Swope and his partner Brad Rakowski exchanged vows in a Lansing, Michigan church before their family and friends. Two days later, the couple had a second, more quiet ceremony in Windsor, Ontario. That's where they signed the papers that bestowed on them the Canadian province's legal blessing. Chris Swope says it poses a dilemma.

Mr. CHRIS SWOPE: You know, it kind of throws us up in the air about, you know, which is our real anniversary: the one that was more meaningful and heartfelt but has zero legal recognition, or the one that's legally recognized.

Swope's home state of Michigan is one of 29 that impose constitutional restrictions on marriage. Adam Candeub believes this legal landscape creates a national roadblock.

Professor ADAM CANDEUB (Law, Michigan State University): There is no geographic monopoly that states have over marriage.

LAVERY: Candeub and fellow researcher Mae Kuykendall are law professors at Michigan State University. They say marriage laws need to be more experimental, in ways that meet the needs of couples and the state.

Prof. CANDEUB: And what we're arguing for is that states should formalize in their laws what they've always been doing in smaller degrees in specific areas, which is allow people outside their states to use their laws.

LAVERY: With e-marriage, Candeub says couples anywhere could go online and download their license from a state where same-sex marriage is legal. Then, they could still have their hometown ceremony with family and friends, the kiss and the cake.

Candeub says that the proposal also has value for heterosexual couples, especially those deployed in the military. He argues e-marriage could better facilitate long-distance weddings.

Still, the concept fails to change the reality that the vast majority of states refuse to recognize full-fledged, same-sex marriage. And online marriage could pose an economic threat to states where it is legal - places like Iowa. A 2008 UCLA study predicted that same-sex marriage could generate $160 million in new revenue there in just three years. The state approved it last April, and by June, Christopher Diebel founded MyIowaGayWedding.com. He questions why any Iowa politician would risk undercutting a growing segment of the state's economy.

Mr. CHRISTOPHER DIEBEL (Founder, MyIowaGayWedding.com): Those of us that are involved in that industry are certainly going to want to protect our investments. And frankly, we would all believe that our state deserves to have that income brought into it for being at the forefront of this fight and leading the way.

LAVERY: A weaker bottom line may be an even bigger issue for same-sex oriented companies in the four New England states that depend even more heavily on tourism than Iowa does.

Candeub and Kuykendall are still tweaking their legal proposal. But they say the idea is gaining momentum. And they say they're willing to advise any legislator looking to extract their state from the culture wars of same-sex marriage and the politics of geography.

For NPR News, I'm Kevin Lavery in East Lansing, Michigan.

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