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The gulf spill has cast a shadow over the prospects of more offshore drilling for oil and gas. Opening new areas for drilling has long been on Republicans' wish lists. And then this year, President Obama agreed to allow exploration in areas that had been off-limits. And in the Senate, authors of a new bill that aims to slow global warming are pushing offshore drilling to win votes from reluctant senators.

But as NPR's Christopher Joyce reports, the pro-drilling coalition is now starting to erode.

CHRISTOPHER JOYCE: Days into the oil spill, President Obama said he still supports offshore drilling so long as it's done responsibly and doesn't damage the environment. For California Governor Arnold Schwarzenegger, the gulf spill fails on both counts. Schwarzenegger announced that he's yanking approval of an offshore drilling project along his coastline because he no longer believes the assurances of the oil industry.

Governor ARNOLD SCHWARZENEGGER (Republican, California): Despite those studies in support, all of you have seen, when you turn on the television, the devastation in the gulf. And I'm sure that they also were assured that it is safe to drill. That will not happen here in California.

JOYCE: It was in California in 1969 that the mother of all U.S. rig spills occurred, just off the coast of Santa Barbara. Images of oil-soaked birds and beaches helped launch Earth Day and the modern environmental movement.

Another hotspot in the offshore drilling debate is Florida. The state legislature is weighing a measure to open up new areas for offshore drilling. Susan Glickman, a consultant for the Southern Alliance for Clean Energy, says some Floridians had come around to the idea because of the country's dependence on foreign oil. But the spill appears to have trumped that concern.

Ms. SUSAN GLICKMAN (Consultant, Southern Alliance for Clean Energy): There has been a definite switch in positions for some and a hardening of positions for others, you know, against drilling, which for a brief period of time was enjoying some increase in the public support and political support. But that is evaporating rather quickly.

JOYCE: Among the converts who've switched from pro to con is Florida Governor Charlie Crist, who flew over the oil spill and decided Florida wasn't ready for new drilling.

In Washington, D.C., expanded offshore drilling has won backing from quite a few stalwart environmentalists in the Senate, who are pushing a new energy and climate bill up a very steep hill. The bill offers support for more offshore drilling and new nuclear power plants as a sweetener to win votes from skeptics who say the bill will raise consumers' energy costs.

Former Colorado Senator Tim Wirth, who now heads the United Nations Foundation, says he expects the oil spill will upset the political apple cart in the Senate.

Mr. TIM WIRTH (Former Colorado Senator): I think that there will be a number of coastal people who were previously supporting the bill, who will want provisions related to aggressive drilling taken out of the bill.

JOYCE: Wirth says other senators who were on the fence are now likely to jump off onto the no-new-drilling side.

The spill doesn't mean an end to offshore drilling. Large parts of the Gulf of Mexico are and will continue to be exploited. The Interior Department has leased many sites still waiting to be explored. But Wirth points out that these sites have to be carefully evaluated. British Petroleum's site, for example, was unusually deep and technically difficult. He says the drilling industry had assured skeptics that new technology made it doable and safe.

Mr. WIRTH: I think the time has come to carefully examine the technologies that are now far out in front of our ability to manage those technologies.

JOYCE: The spill has galvanized those who fought against new offshore drilling. But Phil Sharp, a former U.S. congressman and head of the economics think tank Resources For the Future, says all Americans, politicians and consumers alike, should consider where the demand for new oil comes from.

Mr. PHIL SHARP (Former U.S. Congressman, Resources for the Future): It's a little bit disingenuous on our part if we ethically think, oh my goodness, we're going to protect the environment, we're not going to allow drilling, but we are just going to consume to our heart's content.

JOYCE: Especially, he says, if drilling for oil beyond American shores is less regulated and even more hazardous to the environment than it is here.

Christopher Joyce, NPR News.

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