NPR logo

Southeast Asian Immigrants Flounder After Gulf Spill

  • Download
  • <iframe src="" width="100%" height="290" frameborder="0" scrolling="no" title="NPR embedded audio player">
  • Transcript
Southeast Asian Immigrants Flounder After Gulf Spill

Southeast Asian Immigrants Flounder After Gulf Spill

  • Download
  • <iframe src="" width="100%" height="290" frameborder="0" scrolling="no" title="NPR embedded audio player">
  • Transcript


NPR's Debbie Elliott reports as part of our ongoing series, The Disappearing Coast.

LE HUONG CARTER: Shoes off. Shoes off.

DEBBIE ELLIOTT: Crisis counselor Le Huong Carter is making a house call in Bayou La Batre, Alabama.

HUONG CARTER: Hey, Phuong.

ELLIOTT: The counselor is Vietnamese and works closely with the Southeast Asian refugees who've settled on this working coastline, south of Mobile.


ELLIOTT: On this afternoon, she's visiting Phuong Khuu, a widowed mother of two who used to work picking crab in the seafood processing plants that line the bayou. But now...

PHUONG KHUU: Cooking, clean up house, take care of my kids, and waiting BP - they pay the money.

ELLIOTT: Since June, she has been living off money from the BP claims fund, and staying up nights thinking about the future.

KHUU: I can't sleep. I worry at nighttime. I'm scared.

ELLIOTT: Tanya Fistein is a therapist with AltaPointe Health Systems in Bayou La Batre. She says the uncertainty in the aftermath of the disaster has taken a toll on people who relied on the Gulf for their livelihood.

TANYA FISTEIN: What are they going to do now when is, you know, when they do get back to work? Is it going to be safe? Are they going to be able to sell their product? I mean there's all of this: If, if, if and what if?

ELLIOTT: For Vietnamese immigrant Phuong Khuu, finding other work is nearly impossible because of her limited English skills.

KHUU: In seafood, no talk. No read, not write...


KHUU: And it's a strong hand.


ELLIOTT: But Khuu resists structured therapy as a way to deal with her anxiety. Carter says there's a real cultural barrier when it comes to mental health in the Amer-Asian community.

HUONG CARTER: Depressed, anger or hurt are suppressed within the culture.

ELLIOTT: Carter says there's no middle ground where people can explore why they're struggling emotionally in the aftermath of the oil spill.

HUONG CARTER: There is no concept. Either people are healthy or they are very, very, very broken down. People would say that person is coo-coo, is the term. You say coo-coo or very crazy.

ELLIOTT: AltaPointe therapist Pam Maumenee.

PAM MAUMENEE: If they are experiencing difficulties, a lot of them feel this is a necessary thing to experience. And if they don't walk through the path now, their next life will not be better. So they should actually pay this price.

ELLIOTT: Figuring out how to break through the cultural barriers has been a real challenge, Maumenee says. One way she tries is to start the conversation about physical, not behavioral needs.

MAUMENEE: I'm having problems today in my life with housing, utilities. Then maybe they start talking about some other issues going on in the family. Maybe anger is increasing. It might be substance abuse going on. Domestic violence - we've seen an increase in domestic violence.

ELLIOTT: The crisis team is also trying to connect through trusted community resources.


ELLIOTT: Thirty-nine-year-old Thin Bo says he used to work six days a week cleaning crab. Now he says he's lucky to get two day's work.

THIN BO: When we work we are kind of happy to live with, you know. But now we just staying home, that's it - just a lot of depression and worry about what the situation in the future.

ELLIOTT: The father of four admits it's been a struggle, yet he's reluctant to seek counseling.

BO: No. No. No, we would not go to a counselor. We can solve one problem at a time. They just go day by day.

ELLIOTT: Right now, he says, people are surviving on payments from the BP compensation fund.

VAN SUON: It's going to run out one of these days. It's not going to last forever. They're not going to take care of you forever, so you need to go to Plan B.

ELLIOTT: He worries the depression and anxiety will only escalate.

SUON: I guarantee you. For those who say they don't need counseling, when they run out of money, they will need some sort of counseling; whether it's marriage counseling or individual counseling.

ELLIOTT: Debbie Elliott, NPR News.

Copyright © 2010 NPR. All rights reserved. Visit our website terms of use and permissions pages at for further information.

NPR transcripts are created on a rush deadline by Verb8tm, Inc., an NPR contractor, and produced using a proprietary transcription process developed with NPR. This text may not be in its final form and may be updated or revised in the future. Accuracy and availability may vary. The authoritative record of NPR’s programming is the audio record.