TERRY GROSS, host:
To most of the world, the American guitar genius Jimi Hendrix seemed to appear out of nowhere when he first caught on in England. The real story, of course, is different. He spent years on the Chitlin' Circuit taking any job he could get and recording with who ever he could before being discovered and whisked off to London.
A new Legacy box, "West Coast Seattle Boy," has recently been issued with four CDs and a DVD covering materials from throughout his career. Much of its music has been available only on bootlegs. The first CD will surprise many fans. It shows Jimi Hendrix as sideman to a number of artists.
Rock historian Ed Ward has a review.
(Soundbite of music)
Unidentified Artist: (Singing) I know that I will never love again. I know that I will be my only friend. But if I could I'd like for you to see the lovesick, (unintelligible) man I've turned out to be, turned out to be.
ED WARD: One afternoon in the mid-'60s, I was on MacDougal Street in Greenwich Village when I heard some music coming out of the Gaslight Club. I stuck my head in to see a band doing a sound check and recognized John Hammond and his black backup band, all wearing suits. The guitarist played his instrument upside-down, but it was too loud for me. And anyway, they weren't open yet, and someone chased me away. That was the one time I saw Jimi Hendrix.
He was with his band, Jimmy James and the Blue Flames, who did recording or backup work. They also played clubs as themselves, and a few months later, were doing just that across the street from the Gaslight at the Cafe Wha?, where Chas Chandler, former bassist for The Animals, caught their show and asked the guitarist if he'd like to go to England with him.
It was the end of four years' struggle for Hendrix, one which started when he and his friend Billy Cox got out of the Air Force in 1962 and went to Nashville to find work. Cox did okay, but Hendrix was too odd for the local scene, although he got some club work. In 1963, he said goodbye to Cox and headed to Harlem and eventually hooked up with a band from New Jersey.
(Soundbite of song, "Testify")
THE ISLEY BROTHERS (Soul Group): (Singing) I'm a freak for music. It's in my soul. I can't help it if it moves down to my toes. I said I'm a witness. I'm here to testify. I want to tell you all about it. I ain't going to tell no lie. I feel the rhythm, cha'll, it's in my feet. Itchy heels, baby. I feel the beat. Oh, it's in my soul. It's in my soul, ya'll. It's in my soul. Oh, I want to testify.
You can't knock it if you haven't tried it. If you feel it, don't you try to hide it. Everybody throw your hands up. It just makes you want to shout. Don't be scared to let it all hang out. Oh, if it's in your soul, if it's in your soul, if it's in your soul, oh, stand up and testify.
WARD: The Isley Brothers were from Teaneck, and had had a huge hit in 1962 with "Twist and Shout." Their gospel-soaked performances made them favorites on the road, and Jimi joined their road band early in 1964, after recording the epic "Testify," which featured his unbridled guitar playing. It didn't sell, and when the Isleys' tour hit Nashville later that year, Hendrix got off the bus and went back to working with Billy Cox.
But before that, he'd gotten a chance to lay down a guitar part on what became a smash hit record by Don Covay.
(Soundbite of song, "Mercy")
Mr. DON COVAY (Singer): (Singing) Have mercy, have mercy, baby. Have mercy, have mercy on me. I went to see a gypsy and had my fortune read. She told you your baby's gonna leave you. Her back is packed up under the bed. Have mercy...
WARD: It's ironic to reflect that when The Rolling Stones recorded this song not long after Covay did, they were playing Jimi Hendrix's guitar parts before anyone in England even knew who he was.
From Nashville, Hendrix went to Los Angeles, where he hooked up with a soul singer named Rosa Lee Brooks and cut a single with her called "My Diary," which went nowhere. He hit the road shortly afterwards to join the band of a package tour with Sam Cooke, Jackie Wilson and the Valentinos - which was Bobby Womack and his brothers. The tour stranded him in Kansas City, but another band came through and took him to Atlanta, where he wound up backing - and recording with - Little Richard on one of his most extraordinary singles.
(Soundbite of song, "I Don't Know What You Got But it's Got Me")
LITTLE RICHARD (Singer, songwriter, pianist): (Singing) You never treat me kind. You're poor honey all the time. You don't mean me no good. I'd leave you if I only could. Baby, I don't know what you got. Honey, I don't know what you got, but it's got me. I believe it's got me.
WARD: I'm not sure how that session happened, but the second voice there is Don Covay.
Life in Little Richard's band was hard, and although the single did okay, the star was past his prime, commercially. Hendrix wound up back in Harlem and got a call. The Isley Brothers were now signed to Atlantic. Would he like to record with them?
(Soundbite of song, "Move Over and Let Me Dance")
THE ISLEY BROTHERS: (Singing) I know you like to dance. How about give somebody else a chance? I like to express myself. Get back, you're ruining my hair. Oh, move over, honey, let me dance. I need some room so I can really, really work out now. Oh, but if you don't move over, then I can't dance. I want to show you, show you what it's all about now.
WARD: Only one single came out of it, "Move Over and Let Me Dance," which shows signs of Hendrix's emerging style, and the deep-gospel "Have You Ever Been Disappointed," where Jimi channels Curtis Mayfield's reverb-drenched playing. And someone at Atlantic remembered the guitarist's phone number, because in August 1965, not long after the Isley session, he was asked to do a guitar part for a single by Ray Sharpe, a Houston-based soul singer who was recording for Atlantic.
(Soundbite of song, "Help Me Get the Feeling")
Mr. RAY SHARPE (Soul Singer): I want everybody to join in and help me get this feeling now. It's very easy. All you got to do is follow me. I want you to clap your hands.
WARD: Some singles for a New Jersey-based producer followed, tours with Joey Dee and the Starliters and King Curtis kept a few dollars coming in, and - whenever he could get booked - there were those Jimmy James and the Blue Flames gigs. Then, in January 1967, came a single, "Fire," recorded in London, and the world changed.
(Soundbite of song, "Fire")
Mr. JIMI HENDRIX (Guitarist, singer): All right. Now dig this, baby. (Singing) You don't care for me. I don't a-care about that. You've got...
GROSS: Rock historian Ed Ward reviewed "West Coast Seattle Boy - The Jimi Hendrix Anthology."
I'm Terry Gross.