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'Oreo': A Satire Of Racial Identity, Inside And Out

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'Oreo': A Satire Of Racial Identity, Inside And Out

'Oreo': A Satire Of Racial Identity, Inside And Out

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  • <iframe src="https://www.npr.org/player/embed/134204725/134399700" width="100%" height="290" frameborder="0" scrolling="no" title="NPR embedded audio player">
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MELISSA BLOCK, host:

You're listening to ALL THINGS CONSIDERED from NPR News.

In our series You Must Read This, writers sometimes recommend new books they love and sometimes old books that they believe deserve another look. That's the case today writer Matt Johnson wants to revive interest in a book about biracial identity published in 1974. It's called "Oreo."

Mr. MATT JOHNSON: Fran Ross' "Oreo" is one of the funniest books I've ever read, but I've never quoted it. To do so, I would have to put quotations before the first page and then again at the last. Instead, I just use the words so many others who have been privileged to encounter "Oreo" use to describe it: hilarious, uproarious, insane. But these adjectives don't do it justice either. I would have to use the comedic graphs, menus and quizzes Ross uses in the novel. So instead, I just settle for: You have to read this. And from just the first page, they see what I mean.

"Oreo" is the story of a biracial daughter of an African-American woman and Jewish father, a man named Samuel Schwartz, who disappeared when she was an infant, leaving behind only a note that told her to later seek him and the mystery of her birth. When an adult Oreo leaves her native Philadelphia on a quest to New York City in search of Sam Schwartz, she finds instead several sharing that name in the phonebook. Soon Oreo is pulled into an adventure that mirrors the Greek tale of Theseus' journey into the labyrinth, where the vehicle towards humor is the quirks of language in Jewish and black culture and every turn takes the reader deeper into the satire and into the heart of American identity.

As funny as the novel "Oreo" is - and it is very, very funny - it was ignored during its era. But it is easy to see how such a smart, hilarious novel could escape notice. There are books, great books that appear at a time when no one is ready to read them. "Oreo" arrived in 1974, during the height of the black power movement with its focus on African-based identity and black male power. This is a novel about a biracial woman's search for her Jewish identity, complete with Yiddish word jokes. Its structure, based around Greek mythology, was about as far away from what was expected of a black writer as possible. Biracial identity didn't even truly exist in the popular imagination at the time of the book's publication: If you were mixed, you were considered black, and if you fought that, you were branded an Oreo - white on the inside, black on the outside - a joke Ross embraced in the title character.

"Oreo" is at its core a feminist odyssey, but it came eight years before the publication of Alice Walker's "The Color Purple," at a time when feminism was still viewed as largely a white woman's movement. And most problematic in finding an audience during its time, "Oreo" is the ultimate idiosyncratic American novel, as poet Harryette Mullen called it. A truly original view of our world is what we yearn for in fiction, but sometimes when something is so original, so many years ahead of its time, it takes time for the audience to catch up to it. It's a statement of how far we've come that for this quirky, odd, little biracial black book, that time is now.

(Soundbite of music)

BLOCK: Mat Johnson is the author of the novel "Pym." The book he was talking about is titled "Oreo" by Fran Ross and was published in 1974.

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